A new study published in the Lancet medical journal suggests that two-third of the world population has no access to safe and affordable surgery.
It simply implies that millions of people are dying from conditions that can easily be treated like appendicitis and obstructed labor.
In 2010 itself, inaccessibility to safe and inexpensive surgeries resulted in deaths of almost 17 million people.
The Global Surgery 2030 Commission was written by 25 experts of surgery and anesthesia, with assistance from more than 110 countries, including India.
“More than 2 billion people are unable to receive surgical care based on operating theater density alone,” the study disclosed.
The findings of the study revealed, “At least 4·8 billion people worldwide do not have access to surgery. The proportion of the population without access varied widely in nations that are developed and those which are not. The proportion is greater than 95% in south Asia and central, eastern, and western sub-Saharan Africa, and less than 5% in Australasia, high-income North America, and western Europe lack access.”
The commission said that even those who are able to access surgery fall under great financial pressure due to high costs of the surgical procedures. Worldwide, a quarter of people who have a surgery incur costs that they cannot afford, which ultimately push them into poverty. This, in due course, prove that cost is a great barrier.
Andy Leather, Director of the King’s Centre for Global Health, King’s College London, and one of the commission’s lead authors said, “In the absence of surgical care, common, easily treatable illnesses become fatal.”
“There is a long way to go, but if the global health community wishes to address ongoing inequities and the growing burden of disease, improving access to surgical care cannot be ignored,” the report suggested.
If you have been injured by a medical device, there are several different parties who may be liable for your damages. Who you file a suit against will depend upon the specific details of your case. You may be able to sue the device’s designer or manufacturer. You may also be able to sue a doctor, pharmacy, or hospital. In some cases, you can also sue the sales representative.
When a doctor recommends a medical device, they do so to improve their patients’ health. However, things don’t always go as planned. Far too often, patients are left with injuries, worsening illnesses, and even more medical bills you can’t afford after a device proves to be defective.
About Medical Devices
Medical devices are used to diagnose or treat illnesses. They can also be used to prevent illnesses in the first place. These devices need to be monitored and maintained regularly.
Some types of medical devices include:
Many of these devices require surgery to implant them. When a device is defective, it will require additional surgery to remove and replace it. This is costly and it places the patient at risk. When this happens as a result of a defect, you may want to talk to an attorney about your legal options.
The 3 Types of Defective Medical Device Claims
Although there are other possible defendants in defective medical device cases, the following are the three most common types of claims.
Even if a medical device was manufactured correctly, there could still be defects in its design that makes it dangerous to patients. Design defects can include flaws that make the device not function correctly or function for a shorter period of time than was intended. Either of these factors can lead to injuries.
There are several factors that can lead to a medical device becoming defective during the manufacturing process. Workers can make mistakes, machines can break down, or the parts of the device could be made from faulty materials. Perhaps the most frightening aspect of defective manufacturing is the fact that doctors may not be able to tell the device is defective.
The medical device sales representative may also be liable if they failed to disclose information that could lead to the device not being used safely. They could also be negligent if they failed to fully educate themselves about the potential dangers of the device, causing them to not be able to pass this information on to the doctor.
What You Need to Get Compensation
In order to prove your case, you and your legal team must provide evidence that proves that the device manufacturer or other defendants had a duty of care not to harm you, which then they breached due to negligence. You must also be able to prove your damages and that they happened as a result of the defendants’ actions.
Having an experienced attorney is a must in these kinds of cases because they are so complicated. Your lawyer will be able to identify and locate every possible defendant, bring in expert witnesses, and negotiate with insurance. They also understand the full value of your case, so you won’t risk settling for too little and being left unable to cover your costs.
Many medical device lawyers work on a contingency fee basis, which means they won’t collect their fees until your case is settled or you win in court. You’ll also find that most of them offer free initial consultations. If you’ve been hurt by a medical device, you have nothing to lose and everything to gain by taking them up on it.
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Eating higher intake of high-quality carbohydrates, especially from whole grains, are associated with a lower risk for type 2 diabetes, say researchers.
“High intake of carbohydrates has been suggested to be associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes,” said study lead author Kim Braun from Harvard University in the US.
For the findings, the research team looked at whether this effect is different for high-quality carbohydrates and low-quality carbohydrates, which include refined grains, sugary foods and potatoes.
In the study, the research team analysed data from three studies that followed health professionals in the US over time.
These included 69,949 women from the Nurses’ Health Study, 90,239 women from the Nurses’ Health Study 2 and 40,539 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study.
Collectively, the studies represented over four million years of follow-up, during which almost 12,000 cases of type 2 diabetes cases were documented.
The researchers observed a lower risk of type 2 diabetes when high-quality carbohydrates replaced calories from saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fats, polyunsaturated fats, animal protein and vegetable protein.
They also found that replacing low-quality carbohydrates with saturated fats, but not with other nutrients, was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
Apple has managed to reopen nearly 256 retail stores out of more than 500 worldwide, as it aims to safely restart operations.
Apple closed all its retail stores outside Greater China in March as COVID-19 pandemic spread. All the Apple stores in Greater China are now open.
“In China, and later around the world, we were one of the first companies to close our stores. In Greater China, we saw the importance of swift action — and the critical importance of social distance — to slow the virus’ spread,” according to Apple’s head of retail Deidre O’Brien.
“As time has gone on, we’ve continued to refine and expand our in-store health and safety measures, which have proven so effective in places like Greater China, where our stores have been safely open for months,” he added.
Apple is taking some additional steps in most places. Throughout the day, Apple is conducting enhanced deep cleanings that place special emphasis on all surfaces, display products, and highly trafficked areas.
“Face coverings will be required for all of our teams and customers, and we will provide them to customers who don’t bring their own. Temperature checks will be conducted at the door, and posted health questions will screen for those with symptoms — like cough or fever — or who have had recent exposure to someone infected with COVID-19,” O’Brien elaborated. (IANS)