Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
New Delhi, August 27, 2017: We all have surely heard about the famous male inventors in history, like Galileo, Thomas Edison, Benjamin Franklin, and Alexander Graham Bell among others. But there are many women inventors in history who have made marvelous contributions in the field of Science and Technology and made our lives better.
Here are the 8 Women Inventors and their noteworthy Inventions, the inventions which have led to the betterment of our world in numerous ways:
Theory of Radioactivity- Marie Curie
- Marie Curie is amongst the famous women inventors.
- She defined radioactivity, the atom could be split was her discovery which she found out when she was studying elements that are radioactive.
- She is the first woman in history to receive two Nobel Prizes. The first one was for her study on radioactivity and the second one for discovering polonium and radium.
- Without her contribution, the microwave and x-rays would not be available.
- The sad part is that she was killed by the effects of the radiation only.
Wireless transmissions technology– Hedy Lamarr
- Hedy Lamarr was not only a world famous actress but also a woman inventor during the World War II.
- She invented secret communications system for radio-controlling torpedoes using frequency hopping technology. It leads the foundations for Wi-Fi.
The ice cream maker- Nancy Johnson
- Nancy Johnson, in 1843 invented the ice cream freezer.
- All the ice cream lovers she is the woman you should thank for adding happiness to your lives in scoops by inventing ice cream freezer.
- She patented a design that is still used currently, even after electric ice cream makers came.
Computer software- Dr. Grace Murray Hopper
- Grace Murray Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral.
- In1944, she designed Harvard’s Mark I computer, a room-sized 5-ton machine.
- Hopper also invented the compiler which translated- written language into computer code.
- She was the first person to use the terms ‘bug’ and “debugging” after she found an actual moth which caused trouble in her computer.
- She invented COBOL, “a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.”
- Hopper was awarded the1st ever Computer Science Man-of-the-Year Award in 1969 from the Data Processing Management Association.
- In 1971, to honor young computer professionals for their valuable contributions in the field of computer science, The Sperry Corporation came up with an annual award in her name.
Kevlar Fibre- Stephanie Kwolek
- Stephanie Kwolek, a chemist invented super strong Fibre Kevlar.
- The invention of the Kevlar is said to be an accident.
- Kevlar is used to make bulletproof vests and has 200 other uses.
- It is 5 times stronger than steel.
- Kevlar is used in making racing sails, musical instruments, bicycle tires, body armor, building construction, frying pans etc.
The life raft- Maria Beasley
- Maria Beasley was born in Philadelphia; she was an entrepreneur and also a women inventor.
- In 1882 Maria Beasley invented a life raft to make sure of the safety of people at sea.
- Sea navigators all over the world need to thank Beasley for her wonderful invention which has saved so many lives.
- Her life rafts were used on the Titanic as well.
- She had also invented the barrel-hooping machine, cooking pans, foot warmers, anti-derailment devices for
DNA double helix- Rosalind Franklin
- Rosalind Franklin, a British biophysicist, discovered the double helix, way before James D. Watson and Francis H.C. Crick. Though, the credit for the discovery of DNA double Helix is generally given to Watson and Crick which is wrong.
- She used a technique of observing molecules with the help of X-ray diffraction to capture a photographic image of the double helix. She was the first person who did so.
- She had shown this photographic image to a male colleague, who showed it to Watson and Crick without her permission. Sadly, Rosalind didn’t get any credit for her discovery.
Monopoly- Elizabeth Magie
- Monopoly is amongst the most famous board games of all time.
- It was invented in 1904 by Elizabeth Magie.
- Monopoly’s original name was The Landlord’s Game.
- The game was a critique on the injustices of unchecked capitalism.
- Thirty years later Charles Darrow ripped off the game completely and sold it off to Parker Brother.
- The firm somehow tracked Elizabeth Magie and paid her $500 for the invention.
The other important Women Inventors are Maria Telkes who invented the 1st 100 percent solar powered house, Ann Tsukamoto who invented the Stem cell isolation, Anna Connelly who invented the fire escape, Dr. Shirley Jackson who did a breakthrough scientific research which led to the invention of all the things we see in the field of telecommunication, Letitia Geer invented the medical syringe.
NewsGram is a Chicago-based non-profit media organization. We depend upon support from our readers to maintain our objective reporting. Show your support by Donating to NewsGram. Donations to NewsGram are tax-exempt.
Click here- www.newsgram.com/donate
Facebook-owned WhatsApp has finally started rolling out end-to-end encrypted chat backups for iOS and Android users globally. With the new update, if a user chooses to back up his chat history with end-to-end encryption, it will be accessible only to him, and no one will be able to unlock the backup. Neither WhatsApp nor the backup service provider will be able to access their end-to-end encryption backup.
"With end-to-end encrypted backups, no other messaging service at WhatsApp's scale will provide this level of security for people's messages -- from sending and transit, to receiving and storing in the cloud," the company said in a post. The feature will be rolling out "slowly" for people on the latest version of the app.
he feature will be rolling out "slowly" for people on the latest version of the app. | Photo by AARN GIRI on Unsplash
Once the feature rolls out, open WhatsApp, go to Settings > Chats > Chat Backups > End-to-End Encrypted Backup, and then follow the prompts. One can now secure their end-to-end encrypted backup with either a password of their choice or a 64-digit encryption key which means that no one else but only the user will be able to access the backup.
"This feature will provide people with more privacy and security for their digital conversations and that's a responsibility that we don't take lightly. Given this, we are rolling this out slowly to ensure a consistent and reliable user experience for people on iOS and Android around the world," the company added. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: encryption, encrypted, whatsapp, people, backup, End-to-end Encryption
A luxurious house makeover might seem to be an expensive and overwhelming task but it doesn't necessarily have to drill holes in your pocket. A few small changes and the right decor pieces can make a huge difference to the way your home looks. Keyur Zaveri, VP of Design at Furlenco shares some ideas that could give your home a rich look.
Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication
While it may feel intuitive to keep adding expensive decor to your home to give it the luxurious touch, in today's ageless is really more. Simplifying your space can give your home a classy look. Invest in a few accent decor pieces - a lamp, wall art, decor for a centre table that are cohesive and work well together in the theme of your room as opposed to having numerous things that do not look like they belong together. Resist the temptation to buy over-the-top accessories and unnecessary furniture, which make your home look bulky.
Resist the temptation to buy over-the-top accessories and unnecessary furniture, which make your home look bulky. | Photo by Samantha Gades on Unsplash
The most important part of creating a luxurious house is to add furniture that is comfortable and elegant. Good furniture, paired with stylish soft furnishings is the first step to creating a beautiful house. Pillows & Cushions of various sizes and accent throws can instantly make a home feel more inviting. Play around with the colours and fabrics of the furniture and find soft furnishing that complements the centrepieces. Invest in good quality fabrics like velvet, linen or suede to upholster your furniture. You can even try textured fabrics like denim blue and faux leather.
Pillows & Cushions of various sizes and accent throws can instantly make a home feel more inviting. | Photo by Sharon McCutcheon on Unsplash
Lighting can make all the difference to the vibe of your house and help you create a luxurious, beautiful looking space. Using multiple sources of light that draw attention to various corners in the house can make a space look very well put together. Invest in ceiling lamps, floor lamps, table lamps, and accent light fixtures to highlight your favourite areas in the house. While it is advisable to keep a single colour and tone of light, the intensity and direction can be played around to enhance the ambience of the space.
Lighting can make all the difference to the vibe of your house and help you create a luxurious, beautiful looking space. | Photo by Karan Nagpal on Unsplash
Layering works wonders everywhere- be it a chic coat or blazer over your outfit that adds extra charm, or adding decor pieces to your furniture for a luxe look. Carpets add splendour and exquisiteness, instantly changing the way a room looks. Area rugs under tables and sofas help in defining spaces and can blend together the whole look. Experiment with some elegant runners near your beds, on top of your dining tables, or even your bathrooms. You can also add wall coverings and window coverings for a more inclusive aesthetic.
Area rugs under tables and sofas help in defining spaces and can blend together the whole look. | Photo by Sina Saadatmand on Unsplash
You can add a small yet noticeable metallic touch to upgrade your interiors. However, you must be careful to not overdo it; the key to going bling is to keep the metallic accessories minimal. Consider golds, bronzes, copper or silver hues and incorporate them in cushions, lamps, accent walls, lighting fixtures, or centrepieces. You should ensure that each finish is a thoughtful addition to your space.
You can add a small yet noticeable metallic touch to upgrade your interiors. | Photo by Stephanie Harvey on Unsplash
Incorporating these tips can do wonders for your home decor. You can make your home luxurious, without costing an arm and a leg. More than anything it's about making the right choices that give your house look clean and classy.
(Article originally published on IANS Life) (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: metallic, lighting, fabrics, invest, luxurious, furniture
India may not see a billion smartphone users even by the end of this decade and there are seven key challenges to achieve 100 per cent smartphone penetration, according to a new report. With the shrinking addressable base for smartphones, India is likely to have 887.4 million smartphone users by 2030, said the report by Gurugram-based market intelligence firm techARC.
The new smartphone user acquisition has been on a decline since 2018, after 4G drove switch to smartphones as it ushered several new use cases and forced feature phone users to upgrade. This, however, is not the case with 5G, which can substantially bring out a new use case for the mobile users compelling the feature phone users to move to a smartphone.
Affordability is the first concern even if users would discover their own use cases. "This is on account of both - investment in the device and the recurring data cost. Even to own a device, it's a substantial increase in the outlay for around 200-250 million users who cannot spent more than Rs 1,500 on a mobile device," said Faisal Kawoosa, Founder and Chief Analyst, techARC.
Even to own a device, it's a substantial increase in the outlay for around 200-250 million users who cannot spent more than Rs 1,500 on a mobile device. | Photo by rupixen.com on Unsplash
Second reason is that there are no models that could self-subsidise the smartphones for this potential audience, who are on the other side of the fence waiting to join the smartphone arena. "Advertising-based revenue and value-added driven revenues are negligible for such audiences where advertisers would not be ready to spend much as this is not their target audience," the report mentioned. So, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) cannot work out any model of recovering partial cost of the device upfront and then realising the gap in due course through other streams.
Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) cannot work out any model of recovering partial cost of the device upfront and then realising the gap in due course through other streams. | Photo by Zac Ong on Unsplash
The third key reason is that the OEM ecosystem is gradually moving away from the entry segment. All major OEMs have disinvested out of the entry segment (less than Rs 5,000) where the first-time smartphone user would fall. Rather OEMs are moving to higher average selling price (ASP) as consumers are willing to spend more (15-35 per cent) on their next upgrade/replacement of smartphones.
The fourth reason is that the OEMs are adding more features and functions to their smartphones to facilitate paying users leverage more from the device by consuming content and other services, which are subscription based. The interest of OEMs is gradually moving in this direction, where they could increase the lifetime value (LTV) per smartphone user by getting a pie of the services that the users are paying for.
"Another reason is that attempts such as a hybrid smart-feature phone, haven't paid off well. Though it has got in additional 80-85 million users into the digital ecosystem using fundamental digital services, majority of the featurephone users haven't accepted this 'workaround' wholeheartedly," said Kawoosa.
Attempts such as a hybrid smart-feature phone, haven't paid off well. | Photo by The Average Tech Guy on Unsplash
The sixth reason is that globally, we are witnessing prices of components going up on the one or another pretext. This is only forcing the OEMs to increase the cost of the devices and in a very hypersensitive market like smartphones, it is very challenging for the OEMs to frequently trade-off between input costs and the market opportunities.
Globally, we are witnessing prices of components going up on the one or another pretext. | Photo by Yiorgos Ntrahas on Unsplash
Finally, the entire smartphone ecosystem is interested in investing in opportunities which are rewarding. For example, when we compare education and gaming as two areas of immense opportunity, the entire smartphone ecosystem has preferred to make considerable investments in gaming than education. "There is hardly any OEM focusing on making devices affordable so that more and more students could benefit from digital means of education. But over the past two years, we have seen several OEMs making gaming smartphones in the affordable segments," the report argued. The result: At 4.9 per cent compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for smartphone subscriber growth, India may not have a billion smartphone users even by 2030. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: gaming, education, affordable, market, report, reason, device