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The 8 Celebrated Women Inventors and their remarkable Inventions

Here’s a look at 8 Women Scientists whose ingenious inventions have made our lives better

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Marie Curie, famous Women Inventor
Marie Curie, famous Women Inventor. Wikimedia
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New Delhi, August 27, 2017: We all have surely heard about the famous male inventors in history, like Galileo, Thomas Edison, Benjamin Franklin, and Alexander Graham Bell among others. But there are many women inventors in history who have made marvelous contributions in the field of Science and Technology and made our lives better.

Here are the 8 Women Inventors and their noteworthy Inventions, the inventions which have led to the betterment of our world in numerous ways:

Theory of Radioactivity- Marie Curie

Marie Curie
Marie Curie. Wikimedia
  • Marie Curie is amongst the famous women inventors.
  • She defined radioactivity, the atom could be split was her discovery which she found out when she was studying elements that are radioactive.
  • She is the first woman in history to receive two Nobel Prizes. The first one was for her study on radioactivity and the second one for discovering polonium and radium.
  • Without her contribution, the microwave and x-rays would not be available.
  • The sad part is that she was killed by the effects of the radiation only.

Wireless transmissions technologyHedy Lamarr

Hedy Lamarr
Hedy Lamarr. Wikimedia
  • Hedy Lamarr was not only a world famous actress but also a woman inventor during the World War II.
  • She invented secret communications system for radio-controlling torpedoes using frequency hopping technology. It leads the foundations for Wi-Fi.

The ice cream maker- Nancy Johnson

Ice cream Maker
Ice cream Maker. Twitter
  • Nancy Johnson, in 1843 invented the ice cream freezer.
  • All the ice cream lovers she is the woman you should thank for adding happiness to your lives in scoops by inventing ice cream freezer.
  • She patented a design that is still used currently, even after electric ice cream makers came.

Computer software- Dr. Grace Murray Hopper

Dr. Grace Murray Hopper
Dr. Grace Murray Hopper. Wikimedia
  • Grace Murray Hopper was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral.
  • In1944, she designed Harvard’s Mark I computer, a room-sized 5-ton machine.
  • Hopper also invented the compiler which translated- written language into computer code.
  • She was the first person to use the terms ‘bug’ and “debugging” after she found an actual moth which caused trouble in her computer.
  • She invented COBOL, “a compiled English-like computer programming language designed for business use.”
  • Hopper was awarded the1st ever Computer Science Man-of-the-Year Award in 1969 from the Data Processing Management Association.
  • In 1971, to honor young computer professionals for their valuable contributions in the field of computer science, The Sperry Corporation came up with an annual award in her name.

Kevlar Fibre- Stephanie Kwolek 

Stephanie Kwolek
Stephanie Kwolek. Wikimedia
  • Stephanie Kwolek, a chemist invented super strong Fibre Kevlar.
  • The invention of the Kevlar is said to be an accident.
  • Kevlar is used to make bulletproof vests and has 200 other uses.
  • It is 5 times stronger than steel.
  • Kevlar is used in making racing sails, musical instruments, bicycle tires, body armor, building construction, frying pans etc.

The life raft- Maria Beasley

Life raft design by Maria Beasley
Life raft design by Maria Beasley. Wikimedia
  • Maria Beasley was born in Philadelphia; she was an entrepreneur and also a women inventor.
  • In 1882 Maria Beasley invented a life raft to make sure of the safety of people at sea.
  • Sea navigators all over the world need to thank Beasley for her wonderful invention which has saved so many lives.
  • Her life rafts were used on the Titanic as well.
  • She had also invented the barrel-hooping machine, cooking pans, foot warmers, anti-derailment devices for

DNA double helix- Rosalind Franklin

 Rosalind Franklin
Rosalind Franklin. Wikimedia
  • Rosalind Franklin, a British biophysicist, discovered the double helix, way before James D. Watson and Francis H.C. Crick. Though, the credit for the discovery of DNA double Helix is generally given to Watson and Crick which is wrong.
  • She used a technique of observing molecules with the help of X-ray diffraction to capture a photographic image of the double helix. She was the first person who did so.
  • She had shown this photographic image to a male colleague, who showed it to Watson and Crick without her permission. Sadly, Rosalind didn’t get any credit for her discovery.

Monopoly- Elizabeth Magie

Elizabeth Magie
Elizabeth Magie. Wikimedia
  • Monopoly is amongst the most famous board games of all time.
  • It was invented in 1904 by Elizabeth Magie.
  • Monopoly’s original name was The Landlord’s Game.
  • The game was a critique on the injustices of unchecked capitalism.
  • Thirty years later Charles Darrow ripped off the game completely and sold it off to Parker Brother.
  • The firm somehow tracked Elizabeth Magie and paid her $500 for the invention.

The other important Women Inventors are Maria Telkes who invented the 1st  100 percent solar powered house, Ann Tsukamoto who invented the Stem cell isolation, Anna Connelly who invented the fire escape, Dr. Shirley Jackson who did a breakthrough scientific research which led to the invention of all the things we see in the field of telecommunication,  Letitia Geer invented the medical syringe.


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EU Prepares to hit Google with Record Fine in Android Monopoly Case

As well as the fine, Google is set to be ordered to break its agreements with phone manufacturers

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Google
Now pre-order Google's 'Pixel' smartphones on Airtel Online Store. Pixabay

Google will be hit with a record European Union (EU) fine for using its Android smartphone system to fortify its search empire.

The fine — likely to be handed down on Tuesday or Wednesday — is expected to eclipse the 2.1 bn pound monopoly abuse penalty Google paid last year over its internet shopping business, and escalates the war between Silicon Valley and Brussels, The Telegraph reported on Saturday.

The European Commission’s competition chief Margrethe Vestager has been investigating Google for three years over complaints the company illegally forces smartphone manufacturers to install its apps.

It gives its Android software to phone manufacturers for free, but binds them to “exclusivity agreements” that force them to install Google’s web browser and search engine if they use the Google Play app store, the report said.

The commission has the power to fine Google up to 10 per cent of its parent company Alphabet's annual turnover, or 9.5 bn euro (8.4 bn pound)
The commission has the power to fine Google up to 10 per cent of its parent company Alphabet’s annual turnover, or 9.5 bn euro (8.4 bn pound). Pixabay

Opponents claim that this constitutes abuse of Android’s 74 per cent share of the European smartphone market and harms rival search engines and browsers.

Meanwhile, Google insists the agreements allow Android to remain free to manufacturers and help them compete against Apple.

The commission has the power to fine Google up to 10 per cent of its parent company Alphabet’s annual turnover, or 9.5 bn euro (8.4 bn pound).

Also Read: Google Rolls Out ‘Morse Code’ Support on Gboard for iOS

Although it is not expected to use the full extent of its powers, the fine is likely to be higher than the 2.4 bn euros Google was ordered to pay in June last year over claims it stuffed search results with its own shopping adverts, squeezing out price comparison services.

As well as the fine, Google is set to be ordered to break its agreements with phone manufacturers. This could mean more Android phones being sold without Google software installed, potentially boosting rival search engines and web browsers such as Microsoft’s Bing or Firefox. (IANS)