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A Machine Built By a Group of Egyptian Students can Produce Fuel from Worn-Out Vehicle Tires

Egypt raised fuel prices by up to 50 percent in June as a condition of a $12 billion International Monetary Fund program the country signed last year

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Engineering student Mohamed Amr carries car tires to be used in extracting fuel in Cairo, Egypt, Aug. 23, 2017.
  • A group of 12 students worked on this machine as a graduation project
  • The machine first heats the tires until they reach evaporation point after which the vapor enters a condenser
  • The product created has similar properties to pure diesel

A group of Egyptian students has built a machine they say can produce fuel from worn-out vehicle tires.

The device heats the tires until they reach evaporation point. The vapor then enters a condenser. The result is a product “very similar in properties to pure diesel, and the carbon or black coal is just left inside the container,” said Mohamed Saeed Ali, one of 12 students who worked on the machine as a graduation project.

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The students are searching for investors for their project.

“Instead of polluting the environment, we recycle them [the tires] properly in an eco-friendly manner,” Saeed said.

Egypt raised fuel prices by up to 50 percent in June as a condition of a $12 billion International Monetary Fund program the country signed last year. (VOA)

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Life Hacks : 5 Great Ways To Increase Your Car’s Fuel Mileage

In the present scenario, only three things are sure to only spiral upwards - taxes, demise and the cost of oil!

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Find out how you can improve your car's gas mileage with a few simple tips. Pixabay

New Delhi, September 16, 2017 : It can be rightly believed that one could just depend on two things in life – taxes and death. But times have changed and circumstances are different today. In the present situation, there are three things; taxes, demise and the cost of oil spiraling everlastingly upwards.

With the gas costs proceeding to move high and higher, expanding your car’s fuel mileage is the most ideal approach to ensure your wallet. Read on to know how!

  1. Driving Habits

  • Back off. The speedier you move, the harder your motor needs to work to push through the air. Speeding can decrease fuel proficiency by up to 33%. (Factors other than air resistance diminish mileage below around 60 mph (97 km/h), so efficiency is not motivation to go slower, but rather mileage diminishes quickly over that speed).
  • Accelerate smoothly with direct throttle. Motors are most proficient with decently high wind current (throttle) and at revolutions per moment (RPM)s up to their energy crest. You should hone ‘short shifting’, or changing to higher gears when you achieve your coveted speed by skipping middle riggings.
  • Abstain from braking wherever possible. Braking wastes vitality from fuel that you have effectively consumed, and accelerating in the wake of braking expends more fuel than driving at a consistent speed.
  1. Tyre Essentials

    mileage
    Tyre examination should be a part of your Sunday schedule. Pixabay
  • Check your tyre weights consistently – you can make it a part of your Sunday schedule. All motoring magazines reveal to you a similar thing and that is on purpose – In the event that your tyre weights are low, you will be expanding the moving resistance of the tyre and that will be ransacking your fuel effectiveness – your gas mileage will be down. Appropriately inflated tyres can diminish fuel utilization by up to 3. Having appropriately swelled tires will additionally enable you to maintain safety against uneven wear on the tread.
  • Select the narrowest tyres for your vehicle that will fulfill your driving style and requests. Slender tyres have less frontal range, consequently lessening streamlined drag. Use the size of tyres that came stock on the vehicle- special emphasis should be paid to not use a tyre that is contradictory with your wheels. You may use smaller wheels only if your car producer supports.
  1. An In-order Engine

An appropriately tuned engine augments control and can incredibly upgrade fuel effectiveness. You must make sure of all the functions of your car; from keeping great spark plugs, changing the oil on time, ensuring the air filter clean, and so on.

  1. Lighten Your Car Weight

  • Weight is one of the greatest foundations for loss of motor vitality in non-mixture autos. Generally, additional 50 kg builds fuel utilization by 1– 2%.
  • Get the lightest car that will serve your necessities. On the off chance, the seats that you don’t utilize can be evacuated. If you utilize your trunk as a storage room for substantial things, discover somewhere else for them.
  1. Fuel

    mileage
    Good fuel is necessary to provide power to the vehicle. Pixabay
  • When you top off with gas, fill up midway and attempt to keep your tank over one quarter full. You could put influence on the fuel pump on the off chance that your fuel runs short. However, 10 gallons (which is an equivalent of 37.9 L) of fuel includes additional approximately 17.5 kg of weight. A tank that has been filled till half the capacity may build your mileage.
  • Purchase quality fuel. Remember that while “discounted” fuel may spare you a couple of rupees for every L or Gal, it can contain a higher level of ethanol, which consumes at a quicker rate. For better yield out of your cash, look at the mileage between fuel organizations and see what is best for your car.

Practically speaking, in case you religiously adhere to the above focuses (from an administration of previously undertaking nothing specific or common), you should hope to see a mpg change of around 15% which is completely conceivable. If you at present drive quite forcefully, or at high speeds, much more noteworthy increases may be conceivable. That would be uplifting news for both your carbon impression and your wallet.

You can thank me later!


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With increasing Demand of Cleaner Energy and Tighter Restrictions on Carbon Emissions, Coal is Giving Way to Greener Energy in US

U.S. energy firms are responding to growing demand for cleaner energy and tighter restrictions on carbon emissions

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In 2011, Duke Energy shuttered its coal-fired power plant, at rear, and opened a new plant that runs on natural gas. Its water-treatment facility appears, in foreground, in Rowan County, North Carolina. (N. Yaqub/VOA)

Ravens fly over a sprawling, abandoned brick building with tall chimneys that once billowed plumes of smoke day and night.

In its heyday, the coal-fired plant continuously produced 370 megawatts of electricity, with each megawatt able to power a thousand households. But its last coal-fired units were shut down a few years ago. Piles of coal are long gone.

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Duke Energy plans to phase out most of its U.S. coal plants in next few decades. Click To Tweet

Across the compound here in the center of this mid-Atlantic state, three noisy turbines churn at a new natural gas-fired plant that produces 620 megawatts. The Buck Combined Cycle power station stands at the edge of the Yadkin River—and amid a wave of change in the energy industry.

Both plants are owned by Duke Energy, a company with holdings in the United States and Latin America.

Growing demand

Like other U.S. energy firms, it is responding to growing demand for cleaner energy and tighter restrictions on carbon emissions. American firms are being compelled to reduce their dependence on coal in favor of much cleaner fuel sources.

Bill Wilson, senior engineer at the Buck Combined Station, said Duke has retired about half of its coal-fired facilities in recent years and replaced them with natural gas facilities like this.

“Due to the current price of natural gas, it is much cheaper,” he explained. “So on a megawatt basis, it is cheaper to run natural gas than coal.”

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It costs between $15.30 and $17.30 per megawatt hour (MWh) for natural gas, while coal costs about $28 per MWh, Duke Energy spokeswoman Tammie McGee said. “So, in today’s markets, our natural gas generation does provide lower costs and savings to our customers,” she added.

Duke Energy plans to phase out most of its U.S. coal plants in next few decades.

American Electric Power converted its Clinch River Plant in Virginia from coal to natural gas, idling the conveyor belt that once carried coal up into the plant. (N. Yaqub/VOA)
American Electric Power converted its Clinch River Plant in Virginia from coal to natural gas, idling the conveyor belt that once carried coal up into the plant. (N. Yaqub/VOA)

Switching over

The shift also is evident in other energy companies across the country.

For decades, coal was the main fuel source for generating power in the United States. Last year, natural gas matched it, with each producing a third of the nation’s electricity, according to U.S. Energy Information Administration figures. The other third came from hydropower, nuclear and renewable energy sources.

The administration had predicted that natural gas would overtake coal as the country’s biggest source of electricity this year, though this week it posted a storyheadlined, “Coal may surpass natural gas as most common electricity generation fuel this winter.”

Generating changes

About 200 miles northwest of Salisbury, in mountainous Russell County, Virginia, a couple of trucks and a bulldozer in July removed the last few tons of black coal from a field outside the Clinch River Coal Plant.

The plant’s three coal-fired units once produced up to 705 megawatts of electricity. But early this year, plant owner American Electric Power converted two of the units to gas and retired the third.

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The new units are not only cleaner, they are more efficient, plant manager Ricky Chaffin said. Now, the plant can produce 484 megawatts of electricity—averaging 242 megawatts per unit, up from the previous 235 each. And running it requires less labor.

“You don’t have to handle the coal,” Chaffin said. “You don’t have to move the coal from the pile to the plant.”

Also, natural gas is delivered via pipeline. “We have got a lot less equipment,” Chaffin added. “So it’s a whole lot less manpower required to run a gas plant.”

Workers are installing solar panels at a Duke Energy solar farm in Union County, North Carolina. The mid-Atlantic state ranks second, nationally, in solar capacity. (N. Yaqub/VOA)
Workers are installing solar panels at a Duke Energy solar farm in Union County, North Carolina. The mid-Atlantic state ranks second, nationally, in solar capacity. (N. Yaqub/VOA)

Workforce impact

The shift in energy production has also brought change to the workforce. For instance, when American Electric Power switched from coal to gas, the number of people needed to run the plant dropped from 182 to 46.

But there’s been employment growth in renewable energy. The National Solar Jobs Census reported the solar energy workforce grew by more than 20 percent in 2015.

In North Carolina’s Union County, Duke Energy has hired roughly 500 people to construct a solar field spreading over 156 hectares of farmland that used to grow corn and soybeans. Workers are installing 663,800 solar panels on the solar farm, expected to produce 60 megawatts of electricity when it becomes operational next year.

North Carolina, with more than 1.9 gigawatts worth of installed solar capacity, ranks second among U.S. states, according to the Solar Energy Industries Association.

“We have customers who are demanding renewable energy, and we do have energy policies that we are working toward complying with,” said McGee. She said the company has more than 50 solar projects in operation nationwide, and 19 wind-powered projects generating electricity. One more wind site is expected to come online in December.

Renewable energy

Renewable energy sources supplied roughly 13 percent of U.S. energy produced last year, according to the Energy Information Administration. Of that, 6 percent was from hydropower, 5 percent wind, 2 percent biomass and 1 percent solar.

While big energy companies are phasing out coal, their environmental challenges are far from over.

Last month, Duke Energy reached an agreement to clean up coal ash from its Buck Steam Station. (VOA)

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India’s 3 women bankers in Fortune’s List of ’50 Most Powerful Women International’

Eurozone's largest bank by market value, Banco Santander's Group Executive Chairman Ana Botin topped the list

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Wonder Woman, Pixabay

New Delhi, Sept 14, 2016: State Bank of India’s chairperson Arundhati Bhattacharya, ICICI Bank’s chief Chanda Kochhar, and Axis Bank CEO Shikha Sharma ranked in the top twenty of the ’50 Most Powerful Women International’ list released by Fortune.

The list, which considered women based outside the US, placed Bhattacharya at the second spot while Kochhar was ranked at fifth. Sharma was in 19th position.

Arundhati Bhattacharya. Wikimedia
Arundhati Bhattacharya. Wikimedia

Eurozone’s largest bank by market value, Banco Santander’s Group Executive Chairman Ana Botin topped the list.

Elaborating the profile of SBI chief, Fortune said: “Bhattacharya’s profile has risen during her three-year tenure atop India’s largest bank, a 210-year-old institution.”

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The SBI Chairperson, who was speculated to succeed Raghuram Rajan, as governor of the Reserve Bank of India, orchestrated SBI’s merger with six other groups. Once the merger completes, the bank will become one of largest lenders in Asia.

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“She has continued her high-profile battle with the bank’s bad loans while courting overseas partners invest in the stressed assets,” Fortune said. Beside, ICICI Bank’s Managing Director and CEO Kochhar was acknowledged as a “visionary” even by rival bankers.

Chanda Kochhar at India Economic Summit 2009. Wikimedia
Chanda Kochhar at India Economic Summit 2009. Wikimedia

“After seven years at the helm of India’s largest private sector lender, with consolidated assets of $139 billion, Kochhar has overhauled the nation’s consumer retail business,” Fortune said while highlighting her effort to augment the bank’s performance.

Though bad loans eroded income growth this year, she has engaged turnaround experts to help ditch those distressed assets, it said.

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Acknowledging Sharma’s contribution to the private lender, Fortune said: “Sharma has grown Axis from an underrepresented bank to the nation’s fastest growing private sector lender, with revenue up 15 percent to $7.9 billion in 2015 and nearly 3000 branches across 1,800 cities and towns.”

Shikha Sharma. Wikimedia
Shikha Sharma. Wikimedia

In May, Sharma issued a $500 million green bond at the London Stock Exchange – Asia’s first such certified bond in support of green energy and environmentally friendly projects. It was oversubscribed twice, it said.

Last week, PepsiCo CEO Indra Nooyi was ranked second and was the only woman of Indian-origin in Fortune’s list of the 50 most powerful women in the US. (IANS)