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Abnormal Rise in Average Fertility Rate in Indian Women

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Infants. Image Source: www.nato.int

As many as 19 million women in India have given birth to seven or more children, and 15 million (80 percent) of them live in rural areas, according to an IndiaSpend analysis of recently released census. According to the recorded data, there has been an abrupt increase in the average fertility rate of Indian women.

  • This is equivalent to Niger’s population, a country in Africa with a fertility rate of 6.76. The countries with the highest fertility rates in the world are mostly situated in Africa.
  • There were fewer such women with higher levels of education, the data further reveal -15 million of those women were illiterate as against 0.09 million who were graduates and above.
A human fetal face. Wikimedia Commons
A human fetal face. Wikimedia Commons
  • Educated women have fewer births, average births per woman declined since 2001.
  • The average births per woman in India is 3.3, a decline of 13 percent from 3.8 in 2001, based on the total births given by women in the 45-49 years age group (which marks the end of their child-bearing age), according to the World Health Organization.
  • The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) estimates India’s average fertility per woman at 2.48 which is the highest among BRICS nations and just better than Pakistan in the sub-continent.

Related article: India’s population to overtake China’s by 2022

  • Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh have lower fertility rates.
  • Though the CIA data differs from the census, trends indicate that Indian women have higher fertility rates than sub-continental countries and other similar economies.
  • The average births decline with increase in education levels, according to census data. The average births for women who are graduates and above is 1.9, against 3.8 for women who are illiterate.
  • The spread of female education is a likely cause for falling fertility among women, according to this report by The Economist. Female literacy in India increased from 53.7 percent in 2001 to 64.6 percent in 2011, according to census data.
  • As many as 1,423 females in rural areas have never attended any educational institution for every 1,000 males who have not done so, and only 577 females attend college for every 1,000 males in rural areas, IndiaSpend reported earlier.
  • 320,000 girls below age 15 have already reported two births.
  • As many as 0.32 million girls who are married and aged less than 15 years have given birth to two children-an increase of 88 percent since 2001, when the figure was 0.17 million.
  • Further, 0.28 million married girls in the age group of 15-19 years have already given birth to four children, which is an increase of 65% from 0.17 million in 2001.
  • Adolescent pregnancy can lead to several health problems – anaemia, malaria, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, postpartum haemorrhage and mental disorders -according to the World Health Organization.
  • Nearly 12.7 million girls in India aged between 10-19 years are married and six million children were born to them, IndiaSpend reported earlier.  (IANS)

 

 

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WhatsApp and NASSCOM To Come Up With Digital Literacy Training To Curb Fake News

"This training educates people throughout India to be mindful of the messages they receive and to verify the facts before forwarding,"

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The first training will be on March 27 in Delhi and will be followed by more planned interventions like hosting training workshops for representatives from rural and urban areas along with roadshows across numerous colleges. Pixabay

As part of the partnership, WhatsApp and NASSCOM Foundation will train nearly 1,00,000 Indians to spot false information and provide tips and tricks to stay safe on WhatsApp.

The co-created curriculum, which includes real-world anecdote tools that can be used to verify a forwarded message and actions that users can take like reporting problematic content to fact checkers and other law enforcement agencies, will be disseminated in multiple regional languages.

“We are excited to expand our partnerships with civil society to advance crucial digital literacy skills that can help combat misinformation share on WhatsApp,” Abhijit Bose, Head of India, WhatsApp, said in a statement.

“This training educates people throughout India to be mindful of the messages they receive and to verify the facts before forwarding,” he added.

The training will be imparted by volunteers from NASSCOM Foundation who will launch the “each one teach three” campaign that mandates every volunteer to share their learnings with three more persons leading to a network effect.

These volunteers will post their takeaways from the workshops on their social media handles to increase the reach of these safety messages.

whatsapp

As part of the partnership, WhatsApp and NASSCOM Foundation will train nearly 1,00,000 Indians to spot false information and provide tips and tricks to stay safe on WhatsApp.
Pixabay

The first training will be on March 27 in Delhi and will be followed by more planned interventions like hosting training workshops for representatives from rural and urban areas along with roadshows across numerous colleges.

“The use of technology platforms like WhatsApp are inherently meant to foster social good, harmony, and collaboration, but are sadly being used by a small number of miscreants to entice anger and hatred by spreading false and doctored information,” Ashok Pamidi, CEO, NASSCOM Foundation, said.

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“This training educates people throughout India to be mindful of the messages they receive and to verify the facts before forwarding,” he added. Pixabay

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“I would like to urge all the connected citizens who want to join this fight against the spread of fake information, to come and help volunteer towards the cause,” Pamidi added.

Aspiring volunteers can register at www.mykartavya.nasscomfoundation.org

NASSCOM Foundation is the social arm of the industry body, National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM). (IANS)