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Absurdity of national borders: How LBA will challenge the concept of national identity

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By Prachi Mishra

Recently Bangladesh and India sealed a historic land pact, ending the boundary dispute through exchange of territories. This agreement will allow people living in border enclaves to choose whether they want to live in India or in Bangladesh, with the option of being granted citizenship in the newly designated territories.

This land swap agreement deal has brought into focus the significance of national borders and their role in forming national identity of a citizen. It has raised several questions like how with a stroke of pen, a new territory is created, granting a new national identity to the citizens and how rigid are the identities thus formed.

National identity can be termed as one’s sense of belonging to a particular nation. It is something which differentiates a set of people belonging to one nation from the people of other nations.

However, this concept again raises a variety of questions – How is this sense of belonging created? Is national identity determined by the spatial demarcations? How stable are such identities? Does birth in a country determines one’s national identity? And most importantly do the individuals themselves have a role in the construction of their national identity?

In order to determine what forms a national identity, it’s necessary to talk about the concept of nation and what constitutes it. A nation can be referred to as a definite social space demarcated and bounded by territory. These definite boundaries create a sense of belonging to a particular space. However, these spaces are not that definite as we have seen in the historic partition of India or in the recent land swap deal.

When a nation is partitioned, borders are drawn between the two nation-states, separating one from the other. The border lines thus drawn, contribute only to problematize the situations and relations of a large number of people across it.

After the partition the refugees’ identities undergo a significant transformation, dictated by the changing landscape. A new national identity which is based on geographical grounds is imposed upon them.

Then, another factor which seems to be essential to create a sense of belonging is the law or the legal institutions of a nation. The people have some common legal institutions and a single code of rights and laws for all the members of the community. However one might question that the people, whose national identity is determined by these laws, are they involved in the making of such laws?

Other than the legal system, another factor which evokes a sense of belonging is the common civic culture. The common culture and religious practices are used to create a sense of belonging to a unified nation. Ethnicity is said to be one of the major influence in determining the national identity.

While talking about the concept of national identity one also needs to consider the effect of globalization in identity formation. In the modern world people migrate from one nation to territory, but do their national identity also changes?

One might question that when a new territorial boundary is etched, forming a new space, do the ethnicity and the adherence to specific set code of rights and laws also undergo a transformation? Can cultures be contained within boundaries demarcated by maps?

The geographical boundaries determine a demarcated territory of a state. However, these boundaries are dynamic and unstable; they change, shift and rearrange themselves as a result of multiple factors like politics, religion and language. So it won’t be erroneous to say that concepts like ‘nation’ and ‘national identity’ based on the geographical borders seem to be in flux rather than fixed.

 

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Dell and Alienware to Launch New PC Gaming Devices to India

Dell also refreshed its G Series gaming laptops with the launch of the new G7 gaming system. With a design that is 19.9mm thin, it is the thinnest G Series laptop to date

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Refreshing its PC gaming portfolio in India, Dell and its subsidiary Alienware on Monday launched Alienware Area-51m, Alienware m15 and Dell G7 devices for the gamers in the country.

Originally unveiled at the CES 2019 in January, the devices have now made their way to India.

Price of Alienware Area-51m starts at Rs 299,590 and is available on dell.co.in while the Alienware m15 starts at Rs 178,399. The Dell G7 15 is available for Rs 157,399 and is also available on dell.co.in.

The new portfolio would be available in retail and multi-brand stores across the country from April 1.

“By an estimate, $1.1 billion would be the size of the Indian gaming industry by 2020. Community engagement, augmenting gaming as a profession and latest technological innovation is how we are defining the gaming landscape in India,” Anand Subramanya, Director, Product Marketing, CSB Dell India, told reporters here.

Alienware Area-51m is also the world’s first gaming laptop that supports upgradable NVIDIA GeForce RTX graphics, 64GB of memory and 2.5Gbps Ethernet technology.

Dell laptops
Dell laptops. Representational image. Pixabay

“This is an exciting time for PC gaming all over the world as well as in India. We are delighted to introduce ground-breaking, high performance gaming machines like Area-51m and m15,” added Frank Azor, Vice President and General Manager, Alienware, Gaming and XPS.

Focusing on portability in gaming machines, the Alienware m15, is the thinnest and lightest 15-inch Alienware laptop, that is aimed at gamers on-the-go. A powerful machine for gamers, it has 8th generation Intel Core i7 processors and NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2060 and 2070 MQ design graphics cards.

Both Alienware Area-51m and Alienware m15 offer “Cryo-Tech v2.0” — an advanced thermal technology that maximises performance and keeps these machines cool.

Also Read- This Smartphone by Vivo Creates The Record of Fastest Selling Smartphone in Company’s History

Dell also refreshed its G Series gaming laptops with the launch of the new G7 gaming system. With a design that is 19.9mm thin, it is the thinnest G Series laptop to date.

Powered by the 8th Gen Intel Core processors and NVIDIA GeForce 20 series RTX graphics card, and 144Hz refresh rate panel, the G7 optimises demanding AAA game titles and can also be utilised for everyday use. (IANS)