Monday February 19, 2018

According to a charity, the number of rural Indians without clean water equivalent to UK population

The report by Wateraid states that 63 million rural people in India do not have access to clean water, mostly due to remote locations and climate issues

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New Delhi, March 21, 2017: According to a development charity,  India happens to be the home to the largest number of rural people without access to clean water. The country also faces an increased strain on scarce resources due to an escalating population and climate change among other factors, a development charity. Tuesday WaterAid stated over 63 million rural Indians (the number being equivalent of the population of Britain) do not use clean water to drink, cook or wash with, mostly due to remote locations,poor planning, weak infrastructure and such issues.

China occupied the second place with almost 44 million rural people without clean water in the report by WaterAid. The third spot was shared by Nigeria and Ethiopia; each with more than 40 million rural people without access to safe water, according to the study released ahead of World Water Day on March 22. In a statement, V K Madhavan, Chief Executive, Wateraid India said, “A majority of these people come from poor rural communities and any significant variation in the climate only worsens their daily struggle to access clean water.”

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He believes, because of the disaster-stricken state of 27 out of the 35 states and union territories, the poorest and the most marginalised across the country will have to bear the brunt of extreme weather events and climate change and naturally will find it the hardest to adapt.

According to Indian Express, Around 663 million people globally have no access to clean water, with almost 80 percent – 522 million – living in rural areas, WaterAid’s report said. Many are in countries that are already highly vulnerable to extreme weather hazards such as cyclones, floods and droughts. The rise in climate-related extreme weather events not only worsens their plight, but also leaves millions more water insecure, it added.

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It can be expected that diseases such as cholera, blinding trachoma, malaria and dengue will become more common and malnutrition more prevalent. A struggle to grow food and feed livestock amid soaring temperatures among rural farming communities can also be predicted.

According to the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Index, even though it is one of the world’s fastest growing economies, India ranks amongst countries that are most vulnerable to climate change, but least ready to adapt.

Since sweeping to power in 2014 sanitation has been prioritized by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government – launching a “Clean India” campaign  which aims to provide toilets for all and end open defecation in the country by 2019. But it must be admitted that the task is mammoth.

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Wateraid’s repost has also mentioned that nearly 76 million Indians need improved water sources and 770 million require proper toilets. As a result, annually 68,000 children under five pass away due to diarrhea and such diseases caused by unsafe water access and poor sanitation, it added.

– prepared by Durba Mandal of NewsGram. Twitter: @dubumerang

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All You Need To Know About The Rafale Deal Controversy

The fiasco that Congress is creating on the Rafale Deal is certainly not fair

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Rafale Deal is very important for both the countries involved i.e. India and France.
Rafale Deal is very important for both the countries involved i.e. India and France.

By Ruchika Verma 

  • Rafale Deal happened between India and France
  • The Rafale Deal is about the Rafale fighter jets
  • The deal is getting into controversies because of the allegations de by the opposition, especially Congress

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in April 2015 made the announcement that India will buy 36 French-manufactured Rafale fighter jets from Dassault, a French aircraft builder and integrator. This came to be known as Rafale Deal.

The Rafale deal of 36 Rafale aircrafts between India and France was called a “win-win partnership” for both the countries.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi finalised the Rafale Deal during his visit to France in 2015. (FILE PHOTO)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi finalised the Rafale Deal during his visit to France in 2015. (FILE PHOTO)

But recently it has come under attack of the Opposition, mainly the Indian National Congress, which has alleged that there have been irregularities in this deal and its proceedings. However, the government has denied and rejected all the charges.

The Rafale Deal is nothing new and was also signed during the time of UPA government. The first time it came to light was during the government of Atal Bihari Vajpayee where the original proposal was to buy 126 fighter jets.

After tests and negotiations in 2012, Rafale was considered L-1 bidder and negotiations started which only came to a conclusion as the Rafale Deal in 2015 under Prime Minister Modi’s government.

NDA government has got a better price on the Rafale Deal than the UPA governement.
NDA government has got a better price on the Rafale Deal than the UPA government.

Now the UPA alleging irregularities on NDA government doesn’t seem fair to many because no deal took place under their government. The transfer of technology was a primary issue of concern between the two sides. Dassault Aviation also tried to deny to take the responsibility of quality control of the production of 108 aircraft in India. The Dassault provided for 3 crore man-hours for production of the Rafale jets in India, HAL’s estimate was approximately 3 times higher which resulted in an escalation of costs in the manifold.

Also Read: Make in India: France to set up production centers for Rafale fighters

Prime Minister Modi’s visit to France in 2015 helped bring this deal to a final conclusion. The government-to-government deal of 36 jets was to completed as soon as possible.

On costs of the Rafale Deal, NDA government has said that it got better terms than those quoted in the original bid under the UPA government. The total savings are reported to be of more than 1600 million Euros. However, the cost breakdown of Rafale Deal in the original bid under UPA government and in the 36 aircraft in the NDA’s government-to-government deal is not available for the public domain.

The Rafale Deal involves no private party from the side of India. www.worldwide-military.com
The Rafale Deal involves no private party from the side of India. www.worldwide-military.com

Under the current agreement, the  Rafale Deals support the ‘Make In India’ initiative of the Indian Government through the IGA’s Article 12. It states that France will facilitate the implementation of ‘Make In India’. These critical design technologies were already discussed between the two governments in previous meetings. The present Rafale Deal is signed between two sovereign governments and there is no private individual, firm or entity involved in the process from the side of India. The procurement process also does not include any private company or firm from India.

Also Read: IAF’s Rafale Deal with France: India confirms order

The fiasco that Congress is creating on the Rafale Deal is certainly not fair as the NDA government has proved that their deal is better than the one which was undertaken during the UPA government.