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The Supreme Court on Wednesday took to task four state governments for not complying with its directives regarding the treatment and rehabilitation of acid-attack victims. The SC issued show-cause notices to Karnataka, Kerala, Mizoram, and Madhya Pradesh after they failed to file responses to the SC directives.
The bench was hearing a PIL filed by an NGO Parivartan Kendra regarding the rehabilitation of the victims of acid-attack.
In its directives, the SC had ordered private hospitals throughout the country to provide free treatment, including both medicine and expensive reconstruction surgeries, to the acid-attack victims.
The state governments had been asked to take up the matter with the private hospitals in their states and ensure proper treatment to the victims.
Additionally, the hospitals were directed to provide certificates to the victims after admitting them which identified them as victims of acid-attack. The certificate would help them get free treatment in future.
The fact that four prominent states in India did not even file a response to the directive of the SC raises serious questions about their commitment to social issues. The issue of acid-attack is a serious menace affecting society, especially women.
Just as rape, sexual assault, or dowry incidents harass women physically and mentally, acid-attacks also cause a similar trauma. Acid bottles are freely available in the market despite the ban on over-the-counter sale without maintaining proper records about the purchaser.
Avjit Kumar, the Assistant Director of Acid Survivors Foundation of India (ASFI) spoke to NewsGram (NG) on the issue and said that acids are still freely available but are re-branded as ‘cleaning agents’ in the market.
He gave the example of Kolkata wherein the previously available ‘muriatic acid’ is now being sold as ‘toilet cleaner’. He added that when his organization got the toiler-cleaner samples tested, results showed that they were identical to the muriatic acid in both composition and concentration.
Therefore, it is clear that the restrictions on the sale of acids have not been implemented.
A majority of the cases of acid-attack involve failed love affairs or rejected sexual advances. For example, Laxmi, who went on to become the face of acid-attack victims and whose case impelled the Supreme Court to put restrictions on the sale of acids, was a minor when she was disfigured using acid in 2005. A 32-year-old man threw acid on the 16-year old Laxmi as she had rejected his advances.
A similar case is that of Chanchal, an 18-year-old girl who was disfigured by four people for refusing their sexual advances towards her. She was also denied proper treatment at the hospital because she was a Dalit. The NGO Parivartan Kendra had filed its PIL following this incident.
When asked about the major reasons behind acid-attacks, Avjit Kumar shared with NG the data compiled by ASFI from 2010 to 2014. According to the report, 36% of the acid-attacks were due to rejection of marriage proposals, love, or sexual advances by the girl; 13% were due to marital discord; 11% due to land, business, or professional dispute; 5% due to family dispute; 5% for dowry demands; 5% for satisfying sadistic pleasures; 1% due to professional jealousy; and the rest due to miscellaneous reasons.
However, women are not the only victims of acid-attacks. Men have been burnt as well. Ashish Shukla, Director of Chhanv Foundation (which is working to rehabilitate acid-attack victims) while speaking to NG opined that there is no gender bias in the issue. Even though the number of women victims is much more, there are many men in the victim pool. He added that in his estimation, as much as 10% of the acid-attack victims are men.
Regarding the extent of this menace, Acid Survivors Trust International has estimated that there are 1500 attacks taking place annually world-wide. ASFI estimates that at least 100-500 attacks take place every year in India.
According to the provisional statistics for the year 2014 released by National Crime Research Bureau, a total of 310 cases of acid-attack were reported. The number of attacks during the year 2011, 2012, and 2013 were 83, 85, and 66 respectively. There were 57 attacks in 2010. Therefore, according to government data, a total of 601 cases have been reported between 2010 and 2014.
But, the real figures may have been much higher. According to data compiled by ASFI, the acid-attack incidents for the year 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013 were 80, 106, 106, and 122 respectively. The year 2014 recorded 104 cases till the middle of July. Therefore, a total of 518 cases were recorded by ASFI from 2010 till mid-July, 2014 itself.
The contrast becomes clear when data from 2010 to 2013 alone is compared. Against the 291 cases recorded in government data, ASFI recorded 414 cases. Thus, the extent of the acid-attack menace is much more than what appears on papers.
Acid-attack victims not only undergo physical pain, but also have to cope with emotional trauma, social apathy, and financial burden. The treatment and reconstruction surgeries are very costly and the compensation that one gets from the government is nowhere enough to handle the expenses. Hence, the victims, as well as their families are forced to face innumerable hardships.
Ashish Shukla pointed out that the acid-attack victims not only face challenges regarding medical treatment and delayed compensation from the government but also encounter difficulties in empowering themselves and joining the mainstream. He opined that the biggest hurdle the victims faced is the attitude of the society that isolates them.
He said that, instead of sympathizing with the victims, the society should try its best to create a normal atmosphere around them so that they could join the mainstream and lead their lives peacefully.
Avjit Kumar points out that, the menace of acid-attacks could be effectively dealt with by instituting the fast track courts and punishing the guilty severely. Also, the ban on the sale of concentrated acids to common people must be properly implemented. Only a diluted acid that causes no harm to humans should be for sale.
But, all is not lost for the acid-attack victims. Just as every cloud has a silver lining, the victims are slowly coping with their lives and moving ahead towards success.
Laxmi has become one of the most renowned campaigners for the cause and has helped innumerable victims of acid-attack. She even hosted a television show in 2014. Sonali Mukherjee, another victim had suffered 70% burns finally found her true love and married him in April. Haseena Hussain who lost her eyesight in the attack on her is now working as a stenographer and is the sole bread-earner of the family.
Another success story is that of ‘Sheroes Hangout’ in Agra. The café, located in Taj Mahal, is India’s first café run by acid-attack victims. The initiative was started by the Chhanv foundation as part of its efforts to empower the victims.
Ashish Shukla of Chhanv foundation who is closely associated with ‘Sheroes Hangout’ told NG that the café has four portions: a boutique, a book library, a handicraft section, and a coffee café. He further added that they have plans to start similar initiatives in other cities like Kanpur and Lucknow.
It is the duty of the society and the government to support the victims of acid-attack and empower them. They must be filled with self-confidence and not treated with sympathy or apathy. The state governments should understand the seriousness of the acid-attack issue and take measures to prevent such attacks in the future. Etiquette rehabilitation should also be provided to the victims.
SpaceX and Tesla CEO Elon Musk has said that next time the Dragon spacecraft will have food warmer and free WiFi. Taking to Twitter, the crew of Inspiration4 shared a checklist of things they have been enjoying while orbiting safely around the Earth.
"Can't believe we're eating cold pizza in space. It's extraordinary!" Inspiration4 tweeted. In response, Musk apologised for the cold food, saying: "Sorry, it was cold! Dragon will have food warmer and free WiFi next time."
Inspiration4 Crew | Wikimedia Commons
After lifting off for space, SpaceX's Inspiration4, the first all-civilian crew, is healthy, happy and doing well in the orbit, the company said recently. The mission lifted off at 8.02 p.m. (EDT) on Wednesday (5.30 am IST on Thursday) aboard SpaceX's Falcon 9 rocket and Dragon spacecraft from the historic Launch Complex 39 in NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
It is commanded by tech entrepreneur Jared Isaacman who has been joined by medical officer Haley Arceneaux, a pediatric cancer survivor; Mission Specialist Chris Sembroski, an Air Force veteran and aerospace data engineer; and Mission Pilot Sian Proctor, a geoscientist, entrepreneur and trained pilot. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Elon Musk, SpaceX, Inspiration4, Dragon, Wifi, food
September 17 is commemorated as the World Patient Safety Day, and this year the World Health Organization has come forward with "Safe Maternal & Newborn Care" as the theme to promote better maternity and childcare across the world. Indian healthcare too must take a pledge to overcome this burden and strive towards arresting the problems that cause neonatal mortality, say the healthcare professionals. India contributes to one-fifth of global child births, and the country is also a large contributor to the neonatal deaths. In 2020, infant mortality rate for India was 29.07 deaths per thousand live births, which is considered a quarter of total global fatalities. It is also the highest in absolute numbers for any country in the world, and this depicts a poor image for a nation that intends to emerge into a global superpower.
Dr. Satwinder Singh Sabharwal, COO, Aware Gleneagles Global Hospital, believes that availability of better-quality healthcare at affordable rates will ensure reduce neonatal mortality rate in India and around the World. "Proving easy access to best-in-class doctors and super-specialty healthcare is critical for financially backward and less privileged sections of the society will ensure more mothers do not have to face the heartburn of losing their newborn to ill-fate. Multi-specialty hospitals like ours, which offer best-in-class care at affordable rates are providing a possible solution to this problem," he said.
Availability of better-quality healthcare at affordable rates will ensure reduce neonatal mortality rate in India and around the World. | Photo by Jakob Owens on Unsplash
Dr. Pradeep Panigrahi, Medical Director, SLG Hospitals pointed out that super specialty or modern healthcare is not just expensive but is also physically located at a distance from the common people. "More multi-specialty healthcare facilities need to come up in non-prime, and semi-urban settings to ensure more and more economically backwards sections take benefit of it. We are a hospital which is not located in the most prime localities, and we are easily accessible to those coming even from far-off locations like other districts and from locations with poor healthcare infrastructure. India needs more hospitals like ours to ensure best-quality treatment is available to all at all times," he said.
According to Gaurav Khurana, CEO, Gleneagles Global Hospitals the first 24 hours is the most critical phase for every child after birth. "Cutting of umbilical cord ends child's dependence on mother (placenta) for oxygen and nutrition; and from this stage to the child turning one year old is the most crucial phase. Ensuring right medical care at child's birth will play a big role in child's long life, and the medical fraternity in our country must take a pledge to make sure neonatal mortality is arrested, thus ensuring more children live-on to make India great," he said.
Ensuring right medical care at child's birth will play a big role in child's long life. | Photo by Christian Bowen on Unsplash
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India has developed the India Newborn Action Plan (INAP) in response to the global Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP) in 2014. INAP aims to significantly reduce preventable newborn deaths and stillbirths and to bring down the neonatal mortality rate and still born rate to 'single digits' by 2030. Focus of INAP is on pre-conception and antenatal care; care during labor and childbirth; immediate newborn care; care of healthy newborn; care of small and sick newborn; and care beyond newborn survival. Indian healthcare fraternity hopes that their effort and the measures taken by the government together will help the country overcome this problem. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Newborn, India, government, INAP, stillbirth, healthcare, neonatal, mortality
The global pandemic has massively transitioned the ways in which we approach our fashion essentials. With work from home defining the major chunk of our 24/7 routine, loungewear is no longer limited to our homes. While being on top of our fashion game will always be a priority, our casual and formal wear are swapping roles and even entering into this amicable crossover with the new kid on the block -- the 2-mile fashion.
For those wondering what the 2-milefashion game is all about, there's a great possibility that you're already hopping on the trend without even knowing about it. Because as comfort becomes our new cashmere, we can all find ourselves rocking the 2-mile run away; From a cafe WFH vibe to taking the dog out for a walk to a pizza date night, comfort is your cue. When it comes to footwear, our choices in 2-mile fashion range from sandals to mules to sneakers. And it can get tricky to make the 'occasion perfect' pick when one doesn't know what comesunder its ambit. We have Matteo Lambert, Chief Collection Officer, Bata India Limited, to help us dress it up or down with the perfect footwear picks for the new trend that is here to stay:
Slides, Sandals and Style: Whether it's a traditional ceremony or coffeehouse work meetings, slides and sandals have made their way through it all. They offer that pick and slide and glide through life comfort across genders. With the slip-on ease, you can up your style game; go for the classics, the jewelled, the floral, the neutrals, the possibilities are endless.
Whether it's a traditional ceremony or coffeehouse work meetings, slides and sandals have made their way through it all. | Photo by Євгенія Височина on Unsplash
Always on, Athleisure: Athleisure is the biggest buzzworthy trend of the year, and rightly so. They resolve our footwear conundrum by offering the perfect balance to the blurring boundaries between active and formal wear. If fitness and fashion are your two magic words, then give your feet a break, quite literally. From grey suit formals to morning joggers, they'll let you rock everywhere.
Athleisure is the biggest buzzworthy trend of the year, and rightly so. | Photo by Malvestida Magazine on Unsplash
The Clog Club: If 2-mile is the new fashion cue, clogs have always been our comfort cue. And now we can have the best of both worlds as the humble functional shoe makes it a chic comeback. Clogs are the must-have wardrobe essentials to up our loungewear game. H-straps, metallic, studded -- they're on the 2021 heels' hotlist. Show off by making a chic statement as you dress up your straight-cut pants, T-shirt dresses, Boho gowns or flared joggers.
Clogs are the must-have wardrobe essentials to up our loungewear game. | Photo by Bert Ferranco on Unsplash
The Mule Moodboard: From heeled to flats to sandals, they come in all shapes and sizes. And what's better? They can be worn with a floral dress and your casual blue denim, at work and at a party. They're basically your everyday 'slip-on and get going' vibe. So, make some room for a pair of the classic mules.
From heeled to flats to sandals, they come in all shapes and sizes Photo by Jaclyn Moy on Unsplash
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: pandemic, covid, shoes, sandals, flats, clog, athleisure, moodboard