ADB has announced a loan of 500-million US dollar to build India’s largest river bridge
Stretching a length of 9.8 km, the bridge will be take 4 years of construction and will be completed in December 2020 as scheduled
The bridge will benefit over nine million people, said the head of the project
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) on June 24 gave nod to a 500-million US dollar loan for building India’s largest river bridge across river Ganga near Patna in Bihar.
The bridge, with a proposed length of 9.8 km would ease traffic and provide transport links between north and south Bihar, as well as connect it with neighbouring Nepal.
According to the jagranjosh.com report, “the new bridge will make it easier for people to move between jobs and markets, particularly for poorer communities in the north wishing to travel to the state capital, Patna, just south of the river,” said Dong Kyu Lee of ADB’s South Asia Department, who is heading the project.
The bridge will facilitate a year-round embankment access road for the 250000 residents of the Raghopur Diyara island, who presently rely on boats and seasonal bridges to travel to Patna.
The construction project, additionally funded by the Bihar Government with a support sum of 215 million US dollars, will run for 4 years with an expected date of completion in December 2020, said the jagranjosh.com report.
Using state-of-the-art engineering techniques, the project includes plans of building viaducts, toll service counters, national highway linkages and embankments. The dimensions of the bridge are so designed that the impact of it on the river will be most minimal. It will further be able to withstand climate stress and high rise of water levels.
An additional sum of 900000 US dollars will be provided by the ADB for “technical assistance to improve bridge operation and management”, said Lee.
Bihar, with a population of over 100 million is the third most populous state in India, but the poverty levels in the state are huge. About seven of the state’s ten poorest districts are in the north. The bridge is hoped to be of great benefit to the inhabitants who can travel easily for better income opportunities.
The capacity of existing bridges are not enough to meet the demands of increasing number of workers and labourers who have to spend more time and money on a regular basis for better jobs. But with the upcoming river bridge, engineers and designers working on the project hope that the scenario will be very different.
“In all, the bridge is expected to benefit over nine million people,” said Lee.
Kumbh Mela is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather to bathe in a sacred or holy river
As per historic belief, bathing in holy rivers is thought to cleanse a person of all sins
The Kumbh Mela is held once in 12 years
“It is wonderful, the power of a faith like that, that can make multitudes upon multitudes of the old and weak and the young and frail enter without hesitation or complaint upon such incredible journeys and endure the resultant miseries without repining. It is done in love, or it is done in fear; I do not know which it is. No matter what the impulse is, the act born of it is beyond imagination, marvellous to our kind of people, the cold whites.”
These were the words from Mark Twain, after visiting the Kumbh Mela in 1895.
Kumbh Mela or Kumbha Mela is recognized by the UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. It is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather to bathe in a sacred or holy river. Traditionally, four Melas are widely considered as the Kumbh Melas and are held in Haridwar, Nashik, Allahabad and Ujjain.
These fairs are organized periodically at one of the following places by rotation: Haridwar, Allahabad, Nashik district, and Ujjain. The main festival site is located on the banks of a river: the Ganga at Haridwar. It is the junction where the Ganga, the Yamuna, the invisible Sarasvati at Allahabad, the Godavari at Nashik and the Shipra at Ujjain meets. As per historic belief, bathing in these rivers is thought to cleanse a person of all sins.
Heritage of India
First written evidence of the Kumbha Mela can be found in the accounts of the Chinese traveller, Hiuen Tsang or Xuanzang (602 – 664 A.D.) who visited India in 629 -645 CE, during the reign of King Harshavardhana. Kumbh Mela is a glorious heritage of India.
There are various sadhus or saints visit the Mela. The list includes Nagas, who do not believe in wearing clothes; Urdhwavahurs, who believe in putting the body through severe austerities; Parivrajakas, who have taken a pledge of silence; Shirshasins, who stand 24 hours and meditate for hours standing on their heads; Kalpvasis, who take bath thrice a day.
The Kumbh Mela is held once in 12 years. Between the Kumbh Melas at Haridwar and Nashik, there is a difference of around 3 years, whereas the fairs at Nashik and Ujjain are celebrated in the same year or one year apart.
The belief that originates from mythological times is, during a waging war between the demigods and demons for the possession of elixir of eternal life, a few drops of it had fallen on to four places that are today known as Prayag, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nasik. the venue for Kumbh Mela is decided depends upon what position the Sun, Moon, and Jupiter hold in that period in different zodiac signs.
Magh Mela – Allahabad 2018 (Mini Kumbh)
The Magh Mela is also known as the Mini Kumbh. The Magh Mela is one of the greatest annual religious fairs for Hindus. Hindu mythology believes it to be the origin of the Magh Mela the beginning of the Universe. As a vital occasion for Hindus, the Magh Mela is held every year on the banks of Triveni Sangam in Prayag near Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh.
The Magh Mela is actually the other of Kumbh Mela. Hence, it is also known as mini Kumbh Mela.
Ardh Kumbh Mela- Allahabad 2019
After every six years, Ardh Kumbh Mela is celebrated in the month of January-February when Jupiter is in Aries or Taurus and Sun and Moon are in Capricorn during the Hindu month of Magha. In the year 2019, beginning from 15th January to 04th March; all this will once again be the centre of attraction.
Facts related to Kumbh Mela have been compiled so that one can get a better understanding of this mega event.
During the Kumbh Mela, the gathering of Bhakts by the banks of our sacred Indian rivers and is the greatest celebration in Hindu culture. Millions of pilgrims visit the four holy locations of the Kumbh Mela in order to bathe in the holy rivers and perform significant rituals.
The place of Kumbh Mela changes in every three years between the four pilgrimage sites, which are – Allahabad, Haridwar, Nasik and Ujjain. All these towns have significant temples. The Mela returns to each location every 12 years.
The origin of the Kumbh Mela dates back to the age when Gods used to reside on earth. It is said that the curse of Durvasa Muni had weakened the gods and they began to lose their powers. The Asuras ran amok through the three worlds and there was chaos everywhere.
It is widely believed that those who take holy dips at the sacred locations during Kumbh Mela are eternally blessed by the power of the Gods. The sacred bath provides spiritual and material happiness and moves them towards the path of salvation.
The festival is billed as the “biggest gathering on Earth”; in 2001 more than 40 million gathered on the busiest of its 55 days. The 2001 Kumbh Mela was remarkably conspicuous due to the planetary positions at the time, a pattern that repeats only once every 144 years.67.
The Maha Kumbh Mela 2013, which occurs in 144 years, recorded an estimated pilgrim’s strength of 100 million devotees. The festival was acclaimed as the “biggest gathering on Earth”. The Guinness Book of World Records recognised the event as one of “The Best Managed” events of all times.
An estimated amount of business earnings in Kumbh Mela is 12,000 crore rupees. Employment opportunities created during Kumbh Mela is approximately 65,000.