Wednesday August 15, 2018

ADHD increases chances of eating disorder in children, says research

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By NewsGram Staff Writer

Researchers from Johns Hopkins Children’s Centre have found that children suffering from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have a higher possibility of having Loss Of Control Eating Syndrome (LOC-ES).

Although the children with ADHD lose weight because of stimulant drugs, the disorder is usually associated with obesity, study leader Shauna P Reinblatt, assistant professor in the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, said.

The obesity in children with ADHD is being attributed to a link between the hallmark impulsivity of ADHD and loss of control over appetite and food consumption.

The study included 79 children between the ages of 8 to 14 from Baltimore area. Researchers based their relation between ADHD and LOC-ES on interviews, parental reports and objective measures. The children also underwent neuropsychological testing to measure how well they were able to control their impulses.

The study found that the chances of LOC-ES in children suffering from ADHD were increased 12 times as compared to those without ADHD. On the other hand, children suffering from LOC-ES were at a risk of having ADHD 7 times higher than others.

It was also found that the children with ADHD suffering from LOC-ES have a more severe form of ADHD streaked by more impulsive behavior that particularly manifests in their eating patterns, Dr. Reinblatt said.

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Obesity During Pregnancy May up Kids’ Risk of Epilepsy

In addition, complications related to neonatal-asphyxia -- the state of being deprived of oxygen --, as well as less severe neonatal complications, were also independently associated with increased risk of childhood epilepsy

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The risk for children with mothers in the grade III obesity category was 82 per cent. Pixabay

Women who are overweight or obese during their pregnancy may significantly increase the risk for children developing epilepsy, a study has showed.

Epilepsy is a disorder in which nerve cell activity in the brain is disturbed, causing seizures.

The results showed that the risk of epilepsy increased by 11 per cent in children of overweight mothers (BMI of 25 to less than 30) compared with children and normal-weight mothers.

While women with grade I obesity (BMI 30 to less than 35) increased the risk 20 by per cent, those with grade II obesity (BMI 35 to less than 40) raised the risk by 30 per cent.

The risk for children with mothers in the grade III obesity category was 82 per cent.

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“Given that overweight and obesity are potentially modifiable risk factors, prevention of obesity in women of reproductive age may be an important public health strategy to reduce the incidence of epilepsy,” said Neda Razaz, from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden.

Maternal overweight and obesity may increase the risk of brain injury, leading to a range of neurodevelopmental disorders, or that maternal obesity might affect neurodevelopment through obesity-induced inflammation, leading to epilepsy, the researchers argued, in the article published online by JAMA Neurology.

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In addition, complications related to neonatal-asphyxia — the state of being deprived of oxygen –, as well as less severe neonatal complications, were also independently associated with increased risk of childhood epilepsy. (Bollywood Country)

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