Thursday, April 22, 2021
Home Life Style Health & Fitness AI To Predict If Chemotherapy Useful For Lung Cancer Or Not

AI To Predict If Chemotherapy Useful For Lung Cancer Or Not

Artificial Intelligence to determine if chemotherapy is working in lung cancer

Scientists who have pioneered the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to predict whether chemotherapy will be successful, can now determine which lung-cancer patients will benefit from expensive immunotherapy.

Researchers used AI to find previously unseen changes in patterns in CT scans taken when the lung cancer is first diagnosed compared to scans taken after the first 2-3 cycles of immunotherapy treatment.

And, as with previous work, those changes have been discovered both inside–and outside — the tumour, a signature of the lab’s recent research.

“The research really seems to be reflecting something about the very biology of the disease, about which is the more aggressive phenotype, and that’s information oncologists do not currently have,” said Anant Madabhushi, whose Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics (CCIPD) has become a global leader in the detection, diagnosis and characterization of various cancers by using AI.

Currently, only about 20 per cent of all cancer patients will actually benefit from immunotherapy, a treatment that differs from chemotherapy in that it uses drugs to help your immune system fight cancer, while chemotherapy uses drugs to directly kill cancer cells.

Chemotherapy and immunotherapy
Only about 20 per cent of all cancer patients will actually benefit from immunotherapy, a treatment that differs from chemotherapy. Wikimedia Commons

Madabhushi said the recent work by his lab would help oncologists know which patients would actually benefit from the therapy, and who would not.

“Even though immunotherapy has changed the entire ecosystem of cancer, it also remains extremely expensive — about $200,000 per patient, per year,” Madabhushi said.

“That’s part of the financial toxicity that comes along with cancer and results in about 42 per cent of all new diagnosed cancer patients losing their life savings within a year of diagnosis”.

The new research, led by co-authors Mohammadhadi Khorrami and Prateek Prasanna, along with Madabhushi and 10 other collaborators from six different institutions was published in the journal Cancer Immunology Research.

Also Read- Here’s How Radiation From CT Scan Can Increase Risk Of Developing Thyroid Cancer

Prasanna said the study also showed that the results were consistent across scans of patients treated at two different sites and with three different types of immunotherapy agents.

“This is a demonstration of the fundamental value of the programme, that our machine-learning model could predict response in patients treated with different immune checkpoint inhibitors,” he added. (IANS)

STAY CONNECTED

19,507FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,773FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Does Congress Party Have A Future In Face Of Modi Onslaught?

It was India’s “Grand Old Party.” The Congress Party ruled the country for 55 out of 71 years since independence. But following the party’s...

WHO: An Initiative To Halt The Transmission Of Malaria By 2025

The World Health Organization (WHO) is launching a new initiative that aims to halt the transmission of malaria in 25 more countries by 2025....

Largest Flare Ever Recorded From The Sun’s Nearest Neighbor

Scientists have spotted the largest flare ever recorded from the sun's nearest neighbor, the star Proxima Centauri. Proxima Centauri is a small but mighty...

Understanding Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

BY- JAYA CHOUDHARY Many of us have our own unique habits and practices that we follow on a regular basis, such as bringing a lucky...

“Bangladesh: The Price of Freedom”: Relive The Horrors Of Bangladesh Liberation

Ace photographer Raghu Rai was only five years into the profession when the Bangladesh liberation struggle erupted in March 1971. He was dispatched post-haste...

What Makes SARS-CoV-2 More Deadly?

Researchers have found that the cell types, which the SARS-CoV-2 -- the virus behind Covid-19 -- infects, make it more deadly. The study, led...

UI , Auto Zoom And More Will Be Introduced By Google In Meet App

Google has announced to introduce new innovations in its Meet app like a refreshed user interface (UI), autozoom, enhanced reliability features powered by the...

What Effect Does CBD Oil Have On Testosterone Levels?

By- Harper Deym Researchers have been looking at the possible health effects of CBD since it became legal in the United States. We will have...

Recent Comments