Sunday December 8, 2019

AI-based Algorithm to Help Doctors Treat Traumatic Brain Injury

AI-based algorithm to treat brain injury developed

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Artificial Intelligence brain
An AI-based algorithm will help doctors treat patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Pixabay

Researchers, including one of Indian-origin, have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) based algorithm that could help doctors treat patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).

The algorithms can predict the probability of the patient dying within 30-days with an accuracy of 80-85 per cent, said the study published in the journal Scientific Reports.

“A dynamic prognostic model like this has not been presented before. Although this is a proof-of-concept and it will still take some time before we can implement algorithms like this into daily clinical practice, our study reflects how and into what direction modern intensive care is evolving”, said Indian-origin researcher and study author Rahul Raj from Helsinki University Hospital in the Finland.

Traumatic brain injury is a significant global cause of mortality and morbidity with an increasing incidence, especially in low-and-middle income countries.

The most severe TBIs are treated in intensive care units (ICU), but in spite of the proper and high-quality care, about one in three patients dies.

Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injury is a significant global cause of mortality and morbidity. Pixabay

This is why researchers at Helsinki University Hospital (HUS) started to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) based algorithm that could help doctors treat patients with severe TBI.

At its best, such an algorithm could predict the outcome of the individual patient and give objective data regarding the condition and prognosis of the patient and how it changes during treatment.

“We have developed two separate algorithms. The first algorithm is simpler and is based only upon objective monitor data. The second algorithm is slightly more complex and includes data regarding the level of consciousness, measured by the widely used Glasgow Coma Scale score,” said study researcher Eetu Pursiainen.

As expected, the accuracy of the more complex algorithm is slightly better than for the simpler algorithm.

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“Still, the accuracy of both algorithms is surprisingly good, considering that the simpler model is based upon only three main variables and the more complex upon five main variables”, Pursiainen said.

In the future, the algorithms still have to be validated in national and international external datasets, the researchers concluded. (IANS)

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Huawei Unveils First AI-Powered 5G Lab in Singapore

Meanwhile, aiming to to nurture 100 AI architects and 1,000 AI developers in Singapore over the next three years, Huawei also took the viels unveiled its "1+3+n" programme to be delivered through the AI lab

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Huawei
Located at the local office of Huawei in Changi Business Park, the facility also runs on a 5G network and includes training sessions and workshops. Wikimedia Commons

Chinese telecom giant Huawei Technologies has opened a lab in Singapore which would provide a test bed for artificial intelligence (AI) development projects. The new lab would let schools, government agencies and firms to use the space to test out 5G applications.

Huawei said the lab offered proof-of-concepts, free trials, and offline AI development kits to facilitate research and development efforts in AI. Through the new facility, the Chinese vendor said it aimed to help cultivate a local AI ecosystem as part of Singapore’s recently launched national AI strategy, ZDNet reported on Friday.

Huawei
Chinese telecom giant Huawei Technologies has opened a lab in Singapore which would provide a test bed for artificial intelligence (AI) development projects. The new lab would let schools, government agencies and firms to use the space to test out 5G applications. Pixabay

Located at the company’s local office in Changi Business Park, the facility also runs on a 5G network and includes training sessions and workshops.

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Meanwhile, aiming to to nurture 100 AI architects and 1,000 AI developers in Singapore over the next three years, Huawei also took the viels unveiled its “1+3+n” programme to be delivered through the AI lab, the report added. (IANS)