Wednesday November 20, 2019
Home Lead Story AI Can be a H...

AI Can be a Helpful Tool for Government to Deliver Public Services

Case studies in the report highlight how a competitive selection process may spell the way forward to discover and initiate pioneering AI technology in public service delivery

0
//

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is emerging as a helpful tool for governments in the Asia Pacific region to deliver public services, revealed a new UN-Google report on Wednesday.

The study by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) and Google cited case studies highlighting the importance of partnerships between governments and technology firms for the delivery of public services.

Among the case studies that the report mentioned included an AI initiative in India that informs farmers of the best sowing date to increase crop yields.

The state governments in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka teamed up with Microsoft to develop predictive AI services to help smallholder farmers to improve their crop yields and give them greater price control.

Since 2016 three applications have been developed. The report discussed two of these apps — the AI sowing app and the price forecasting model.

Both of the AI applications improved the lives of smallholder farmers in southern India by bridging information gaps and mitigating growing environmental risks. These AI services have the potential to increase crop yields, prices and incomes, the study concluded.

“The best part of the project is that the investment required by the farmers to benefit from the technology is minimal: all they need are a mobile phone capable of receiving text messages and a subscription to the most basic mobile phone services,” said the report.

Clearly, to make a technology accessible and affordable is a crucial step towards technology for inclusiveness.

artificial intelligence, nobel prize
“Artificial intelligence is now one of the fastest-growing areas in all of science and one of the most talked-about topics in society.” VOA

“On the path to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, governments in Asia and the Pacific are urgently pursuing innovative means to deliver effective, efficient and fair public services,” said United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Secretary of ESCAP Armida Salsiah Alisjahbana.

“Frontier technologies such as AI hold promise to reimagine how the public sector can better serve sustainable development needs.”

The report also features insights as well as context-specific recommendations from deployments of AI in a variety of sectors: health, justice, agriculture, environment, insurance and social welfare.

Public-private partnerships will become increasingly important to complement government initiatives with industry knowledge and expertise, said the report.

Also Read: Intel All Set to Acquire Smart Edge Platform from Pivot Technology

Amid the rapid pace of technological development, the report recommends that governments develop frameworks to regulate these partnerships and encourage more public information on AI projects to foster a landscape conducive to informed decision-making on AI partnerships.

Since applying AI in the public sector is still at an early stage of development, setbacks and a trial-and-error process may be inevitable.

Case studies in the report highlight how a competitive selection process may spell the way forward to discover and initiate pioneering AI technology in public service delivery. (IANS)

Next Story

AI Can Give More Accurate Results for Cardiac MRI

Utilising AI, a scan can be analyzed with comparable precision in approximately four seconds

0
AI
Based on the number of scans per year, researchers believe that utilising AI to read scans could potentially lead to saving 54 clinician days per year. Pixabay

Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis can be performed significantly faster with precision similar to experts when using artificial intelligence also Known as AI in the form of automated machine learning, according to a new study.

Currently, analysing heart function on cardiac MRI scans takes approximately 13 minutes for humans.

Utilising AI, a scan can be analyzed with comparable precision in approximately four seconds, according to the findings published in the journal Cardiovascular Imaging.

“Our dataset of patients with a range of heart diseases who received scans enabled us to demonstrate that the greatest sources of measurement error arise from human factors.

“This indicates that automated techniques are at least as good as humans, with the potential soon to be ‘super-human’–transforming clinical and research measurement precision,” said study author Charlotte Manisty from the University College London.

In the UK, where the study was conducted, it is estimated that more than 150,000 cardiac MRI scans are performed each year.

Based on the number of scans per year, researchers believe that utilising AI to read scans could potentially lead to saving 54 clinician days per year at each UK health centre.

AI
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis can be performed significantly faster with precision similar to experts when using artificial intelligence also Known as AI in the form of automated machine learning, according to a new study. Pixabay

Researchers trained a neural network to read the cardiac MRI scans and the results of almost 600 patients.

However, when the AI was tested for precision compared to an expert and trainee on 110 separate patients from multiple centres, researchers found that there was no significant difference in accuracy.

ALSO READ: Google Stadia Expands with 10 New Games in Lineup

This study highlights the potential that AI techniques could have in the future to improve analysis and influence clinical decision-making for patients with heart disease. (IANS)