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AI Can Help Improve Understanding of Earth Science

Besides, the requirement for data processing and storage capacity is very high

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Artificial Intelligence Bot
Artificial Intelligence Bot. Pixabay

Artificial Intelligence (AI) can significantly improve our understanding of the climate and Earth science, says a study by German scientists.

AI can be applied to data related to extreme events such as fire spreads or hurricanes, which are very complex processes influenced by local conditions.

It can also be applied to atmospheric and ocean transport, soil movement and vegetation dynamics data — some of the classic topics of Earth system science.

“From a plethora of sensors, a deluge of Earth system data has become available, but so far we’ve been lagging behind in analysis and interpretation,” said Markus Reichstein of the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Jena, Germany.

“This is where deep learning techniques become a promising tool, beyond classical machine learning applications such as image recognition, natural language processing or AlphaGo,” added co-author Joachim Denzler, from the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena (FSU).

Artificial Intelligence can help to improve understanding of Earth Science.

However, deep learning approaches are difficult. All data-driven and statistical approaches do not guarantee physical consistency per se, are highly dependent on data quality, and may experience difficulties with extrapolations, according to the study published in the journal Nature.

Besides, the requirement for data processing and storage capacity is very high.

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If both techniques are brought together, so-called hybrid models are created. They can, for example, be used for modelling the motion of ocean water to predict sea surface temperature. While the temperatures are modelled physically, the ocean water movement is represented by a machine learning approach.

“The idea is to combine the best of two worlds, the consistency of physical models with the versatility of machine learning, to obtain greatly improved models,” Reichstein explained. (IANS)

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Threat of AI Displacing Jobs is Real, Says Telecom Secretary

On aggregate, the employability for new-age jobs is on average 1.7 per cent, showed the findings based on more than 170,000 Indian engineering students

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The enterprise solutions major has integrated SAP CoPilot with the
"A tectonic shift is happening in AI. Nearly 85 per cent of enterprises globally will use AI in some form or the other by 2020.

While digitisation has delivered great benefits to the country, the threat of automation and Artificial Intelligence (AI) displacing jobs is real, Telecom Secretary Aruna Sundararajan said on Monday.

“Adoption of digital technology has proved to be a great democratiser and leveller in India, especially in doing away with many hierarchies in the Indian economy. But digital is also throwing up as many challenges. There are no easy answers to them,” Sundararajan said, while delivering the keynote address at a conference on “future of the digital economy” here.

“There are various estimates about the rate at which jobs are becoming irreverent – from 10 per cent to a high of 70 per cent. So this threat is real,” she said while referring the rise of AI.

With dangers of job losses looming large, can providing universal basic income be the answer?

“The idea of providing universal basic income is gaining ground because a lot of Silicon Valley leaders are pushing for it,” she said.

Participating at a separate panel discussion, Sanjeev Bikchandani, Co-Founder of Info Edge which runs the job portal Naukri.com, said that there will be no large scale job losses due to AI.

AI has the potential to increase India's annual growth.
AI has the potential to increase India’s annual ggrowth.Pixabay“Some jobs will definitely go. But this happens all the time with new technology arriving. Similar questions were raised when computers were introduced in India. AI will create new industries,” he said at the conference co-organised by Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER) and Data Catalyst, a non-profit organisation.

 

But do Indians have the skill set for the new jobs that may be created by the new industries?

According to a new report released last week by job skills assessments company Aspiring Minds, over 80 per cent Indian engineers are unemployable for any job in the knowledge economy.

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A mere three per cent engineers have new-age technological skills in areas like AI, Machine Learning, Data Science and mobile development, the report said.

On aggregate, the employability for new-age jobs is on average 1.7 per cent, showed the findings based on more than 170,000 Indian engineering students. (IANS)