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AI-based System To Predict Premature Deaths

For the study, the team included over half a million people aged between 40 and 69

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Researchers have developed an Artificial Intelligence (AI)-based system to predict the risk of early deaths due to chronic disease in middle-aged adults.

The study, published by PLOS ONE journal, found that the new AI Machine Learning models known as “random forest” and “deep learning” were very accurate in its predictions and performed better than the current standard approach to prediction developed by human experts.

Such new risk prediction models take into account demographic, biometric, clinical and lifestyle factors for each individual, and assess even their dietary consumption of fruit, vegetables and meat per day, said Stephen Weng, Assistant Professor at the University of Nottingham in Britain.

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“Artificial intelligence is now one of the fastest-growing areas in all of science and one of the most talked-about topics in society.” VOA

The traditionally-used “Cox regression” prediction model, based on age and gender, was found to be the least accurate at predicting mortality and also a multivariate Cox model which worked better but tended to over-predict risk.

“Preventative healthcare is a growing priority in the fight against serious diseases so we have been working for a number of years to improve the accuracy of computerised health risk assessment in the general population,” said Weng.

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For the study, the team included over half a million people aged between 40 and 69.

Although these techniques could be new to many in health research and difficult to follow, clearly reporting these methods in a transparent way could help with scientific verification and future development of AI for health care, said Joe Kai, Professor at the varsity. (IANS)

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Facebook to Use AI to Stop Notifications About Deceased Ones: Report

“While minors can’t select legacy contacts, we recently changed our policies to let parents who have lost children under 18 to request to become their legacy contact,” said Facebook.

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This photograph taken on May 16, 2018, shows a figurine standing in front of the logo of social network Facebook on a cracked screen of a smartphone in Paris. VOA

Facebook will use Artificial Intelligence (AI) to determine if a user is dead but his or her contacts keep receiving notifications like a birthday reminder.

In 2015, Facebook introduced a feature that lets people choose a legacy contact – a family member or friend entrusted to care for their Facebook account when they pass away.

“If an account hasn’t yet been memorialised, we use AI to help keep it from showing up in places that might cause distress, like recommending that person be invited to events or sending a birthday reminder to their friends,” Sheryl Sandberg, Chief Operating Officer at Facebook said in a blog post late on Tuesday.

According to her, the improved AI will keep the profile of a deceased loved one from appearing in painful ways. The social media giant, however, did not elaborate on how it is going to do that.

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FILE – The Facebook app icon is shown on an iPhone in New York. VOA

The social media giant has also introduced new tools for memorialised accounts like a new Tribute section and additional controls for survivors overseeing those accounts.

Over 30 million people view memorialised profiles every month to post stories, commemorate milestones and remember those who have passed away.

Also Read- Alibaba Comes up with ‘Video Fingerprints’ to Fight Piracy

“The new Tributes section creates a separate tab on memorialised profiles where friends and family can share posts – all while preserving the original timeline of their loved one,” Sandberg said.

“While minors can’t select legacy contacts, we recently changed our policies to let parents who have lost children under 18 to request to become their legacy contact,” said Facebook. (IANS)