Tuesday January 28, 2020

New AI can Reduce Risk of Suicide Among Youth

AI can help prevent suicide among youth

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Researchers from USC developed an AI that can prevent suicide risks among youth. Lifetime Stock

In a bid to help mitigate the risk of suicide especially among the homeless youth, a team of researchers at University of California (USC) has turned their focus towards Artificial Intelligence (AI).

Phebe Vayanos, an associate director at USC’s Center for Artificial Intelligence in Society (CAIS), and her team have been working over the last couple of years to design an algorithm capable of identifying who in a given real-life social group would be the best persons to be trained as “gatekeepers” capable of identifying warning signs of suicide and how to respond.

“Our idea was to leverage real-life social network information to build a support network of strategically positioned individuals that can ‘watch-out’ for their friends and refer them to help as needed,” Vayanos said.

Vayanos and study’s lead author Aida Rahmattalabi investigated the potential of social connections such as friends, relatives and acquaintances to help mitigate the risk of suicide.

“We want to ensure that a maximum number of people are being watched out for, taking into account resource limitations and uncertainties of open world deployment,” Vayanos said.

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The AI algorithm can improve the efficiency of suicide prevention trainings. Lifetime Stock

For this study, Vayanos and Rahmattalabi looked at the web of social relationships of young people experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles, given that 1 in 2 youth who are homeless have considered suicide.

“Our algorithm can improve the efficiency of suicide prevention trainings for this particularly vulnerable population,” Vayanos said.

An important goal when deploying this AI system is to ensure fairness and transparency.

“This algorithm can help us find a subset of people in a social network that gives us the best chance that youth will be connected to someone who has been trained when dealing with resource constraints and other uncertainties,” said study co-author Anthony Fulginiti.

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This work is particularly important for vulnerable populations, say the researchers, particularly for youth who are experiencing homelessness.

The paper is set to be presented at the 33rd Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS) in Vancouver, Canada, this month. (IANS)

Next Story

OPPO Joins Hands with IIT Hyderabad to Boost AI, 5G Integration

A memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed between IIT Hyderabad and OPPO to facilitate exchange of ideas and carry out research

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Vivo, OPPO
As an industry leader in innovation, OPPO has invested heavily in the development and research of 5G smartphones. Wikimedia commons

Chinese smartphone maker OPPO on Monday said it has entered into a partnership with Indian Institute of Technology-Hyderabad (IIT Hyderabad) to promote collaborative research on advanced and emerging technologies.

The collaboration is aimed at promoting joint research and development for multiple projects over a period of two years for the development of new technologies in areas specific to camera and image processing, battery, networks (5G), system performance and Artificial Intelligence (AI), among other areas.

The partnership is in line with OPPO’s effort to build localised solutions for the Indian market.

“We are happy to collaborate with OPPO India through the expertise of our researchers, to further support and strengthen their R&D efforts in bringing technological breakthroughs for the Indian market,” Sumohana S. Channappayya, Dean – Research and Development, IIT Hyderabad, said in a statement.

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FILE – People stand next to a 5G logo during the Mobile World Congress wireless show, in Barcelona, Spain, Feb. 28, 2018. VOA

“This collaboration with OPPO will help in the development of indigenous solutions to cater to the dynamic needs of the Indian consumers,” Channappayya added.

A memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed between IIT Hyderabad and OPPO to facilitate exchange of ideas and carry out research.

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“Our collaboration with IIT Hyderabad is in line with our vision to enhance R&D and innovation capabilities at OPPO India as we continue our endeavour to build localized solutions for the Indian market,” said Tasleem Arif, Vice President and Head R&D, OPPO India.

“This collaboration aims to pave the way to carry out quality research and promote the rapid integration of cutting-edge technology, particularly in the areas of 5G and AI,” Arif said. (IANS)