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An Artificial Intelligence (AI) tool has accurately predicted which patients, newly infected with the COVID-19 virus, would go on to develop severe respiratory disease.
Published in the journal Computers, Materials & Continua, the study also revealed the best indicators of future severity, and found that they were not as expected.
“Our goal was to design and deploy a decision-support tool using AI capabilities – mostly predictive analytics – to flag future clinical coronavirus severity,” said co-author Anasse Bari, a clinical assistant professor in Computer Science at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University.
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For the study, demographic, laboratory, and radiological findings were collected from 53 patients as each tested positive in January for the SARS-CoV2 virus at the two Chinese hospitals.
Symptoms were typically mild to begin with, including cough, fever and stomach upset.
In a minority of patients, however, severe symptoms developed with a week, including pneumonia.
For the new study, the researchers designed computer models that make decisions based on the data fed into them, with programmes getting “smarter” the more data they consider.
The researchers were surprised to find that characteristics considered to be hallmarks of COVID-19, like certain patterns seen in lung images, fever, and strong immune responses, were not useful in predicting which of the many patients with initial, mild symptoms would go to develop severe lung disease.
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Neither were age and gender helpful in predicting serious disease, although past studies had found men over 60 to be at higher risk.
Instead, the new AI tool found that changes in three features – levels of the liver enzyme alanine aminotransferase (ALT), reported myalgia, and haemoglobin levels – were most accurately predictive of subsequent, severe disease.
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Together with other factors, the team reported being able to predict risk of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome or ARDS with up to 80 per cent accuracy.
“We hope that the tool, when fully developed, will be useful to physicians as they assess which moderately ill patients really need beds, and who can safely go home, with hospital resources stretched thin,” Bari added. (IANS)
As digital transformation enters top gear amid the pandemic, artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a solution to overcome language, literacy barrier in India, experts said here on Wednesday.
Speaking at a panel discussion titled 'Use of Emerging Technologies for Social Empowerment Blockchain, AR/VR, Drone, IoT, GIS' organised by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY), experts highlighted the importance and role of emerging technologies in digital transformation.
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"AI has immense possibilities and huge potential. During the Covid-19 pandemic, when government officials were not available, we made chatbots using AI for anyone to procure the required information," said Dr Neeta Verma, DG, NIC. There are 20-30 crore people in India who either do not have smartphones or face language and literacy barriers to use the technology, according to Verma.
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Abhishek Singh, President and CEO, NeGD (National eGovernance Division) highlighted the importance and role of emerging technologies for digital transformational and effective implementation of Digital India initiatives for social benefit.
Professor Manindra Agrawal from department of computer science and engineering, IIT Kanpur talked about the common misconception that Blockchain is exclusively for cryptocurrency.
As digital transformation enters top gear amid the pandemic, artificial intelligence (AI) has emerged as a solution to overcome language, literacy barrier in India.Unsplash
"Blockchain technology provides the ability to create and maintain unalterable ledgers. There are a number of domains, especially when delivering services to citizens, where maintaining records that cannot be altered is of great importance. For example, land ownership records, database of criminals, and supply-chain logistics," he said.
The 75th 'Azadi Ka Digital Mahotsav' is a week-long celebration from November 29 - December 5. Meanwhile, Samsung India Electronics, the country's No 1 smartphones exporter, was awarded for outstanding contribution in promotion of electronics in the export performance category during one of the events at the Mahotsav. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : Ai, language, barrier, India, experts, digital, pandemic, solution, technology, implementation.)
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Google-owned YouTube on Thursday revealed a list of top videos as well as creators for 2021 and gaming along with comedy videos that have topped the chart in India.
In 2021, gaming leveled up, emerging as a rich and diverse ground for storytelling and community building, with a notable presence across top creators, top breakout creators, top women breakout creators and even top YouTube Shorts creators.
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"The main idea behind coming up with a list of popular creators is to inspire new creators. YouTube has given a proper platform both small as well as big communities. With the expansion of regional languages, the platform is ready to cater the needs of every content creators as well as consumers," Satya Raghavan, Director of YouTube Content Partnerships, India, told IANS.
"Our viewers turned to YouTube to learn new skills, hone newfound passions, discover content to watch with friends and family, and foster a shared sense of community," he added.
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While Round2Hell's 40-minute long horror-comedy zombie apocalypse short film became the #1 trending video, comedy did just as well in short-form video.
Tamil sensation Enjoy Enjaami, set off a drumbeat of content inspired by the Tamil Hit reaction videos, cover songs including some in Hindi and Malayalam, animated re-creations, re-creations within FreeFire, make-up tutorials, and even a PSA by the Kerala Police! Our Top Shorts creator A2 Motivation emerged as the most famous videos on the platform.
"Our viewers turned to YouTube to learn new skills, hone newfound passions, discover content to watch with friends and family, and foster a shared sense of community," he added. | Unsplash
"2021 showed us that even in challenging times, the inventiveness and creativity of our ecosystem can bring help and hope to the lives of millions of Indians. It's time to celebrate the content and creators that made YouTube an indelible part of our popular culture, and in fact our lives," Raghavan added.
In addition, Bhuvan Bam (BB Ki Vines) web series, Dhindora, Telugu channels Filmymoji and Funmoji, The Viral Fever (TVF) web-show Aspirants, Dice Media's Operation MBBS and Clutch, Telugu shows like 30 weds 21 by Girl Formula and Surya featuring Shanmukh Jaswanth in the lead, emerged as some of the top shows this year on YouTube. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : Google, YouTube, gaming, diverse, storytelling, community, building, skills, passions, creativity, ecosystem, challenging, Indians.)
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By N. Lothungbeni Humtsoe
There is nothing better than a healthy glowing. What people dont tell you is that make-up also looks better on healthy rejuvenated skin. A lot of focus is given to cleansing and moisturising, but face massage is equally important.
Massaging the face increases blood circulation and relaxes the skin, taking the stress and tiredness right out. Face massages can also help in collagen synthesis to ensure skin brightening and smoothening the fine lines. One should massage their face 2 to 3 times a week to get the desired results.
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Rachit Gupta, Director, OxyGlow Cosmetics Pvt. Ltd. shares, "Facial skin is more delicate than the skin on the rest of the body and demands a lot of attention and care. Hectic lifestyles make the facial skin lose the sheen and natural glow. The solution for common problems like patchy skin tone, dullness, acne, scars or spots, premature ageing, etc is to include face massages with natural gels in one's routine. Gels are recommended especially as they suit varied skin types and do not harm the skin. They lightly moisturise and bring back the shine of the face. Just 5 minutes of care can give wonderful results not just in terms of a healthier skin but as a great stress buster."
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What can a 5-minute massage do?
* By improving blood circulation gives a natural glow to the face
* Removes toxins by moving the lymphatic fluid
* Regular massages help in reducing fine lines and can keep wrinkles at bay
* Increases collagen production that helps in improving elasticity and preventing the skin from sagging, keeping it young
* Results in even and radiant skin tone, also help in reducing acne and scars
* Reduces stress not only in the muscles but also helps in relaxing mentally, leaving one's mood elevated
Use your fingers to massage the skin with gentle pressure only. Massage in a circular motion. | Unsplash
How to do it right?
* Wash your hands thoroughly
* Wash your face with water or a gentle face wash and pat dry
* Apply a natural face massage gel on the face
* Steam your face to help open up your pores
* Use your fingers to massage the skin with gentle pressure only. Massage in a circular motion. One can also use a roller
Things to keep in mind: Do not use a lot of pressure while massaging. Be careful and gentle around the eyes as the skin is very sensitive, use soft movement. Use slow and outward motion to massage your face. Move thoroughly and cover all areas from the forehead to the neck.
Choose natural gels for massage which contain aloe-vera and/or herbs or mint or rose. Gels provide light moisturizing and are not oily. They provide much-needed nourishment to the facial skin. They are versatile and suit dry skin types as much as oily skin. Most people have combination skin and are always concerned about which product to choose. In this case, one cannot go wrong with natural gels. Gels also help in healing and mending the skin due to their beneficial ingredients. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : Rejuvenation, Facial Massage, Healthy, Glowing, Circulation, Natural Glow, Dullness, Acne, Collagen, Wrinkles, Sensitive, Nourishment, Beneficial, Aloe-vera)
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