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Novel AI tool may help tackle substance abuse in youth

The team tackled this problem from an AI perspective, creating an algorithm that takes into account both how the individuals in a subgroup are connected and their prior history of substance abuse

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Societal pressure and lack of support often forces young adults to indulge in impulsive self-harm mechanisms like drug overdose and self cutting. Pixabay
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  • New AI tool may help tackle substance abuse in youth
  • The AI uses a new type of algorithm
  • Group therapy is one way of curing the abuse

Researchers have developed a novel algorithm-based on artificial intelligence (AI) that leverages social networks to optimise substance abuse intervention groups for the homeless youth.

The algorithm categorises participants, who voluntarily work on recovery, into smaller groups, or subgroups, in a way that maintains helpful social connections and breaks social connections that could be detrimental to recovery and inadvertently expose them to negative behaviours.

Drugs, Rehabilitation centre
This new Ai can help teens suffering from substance abuse. Pixabay

“We know that substance abuse is highly affected by social influence; in other words, who you are friends with,” said Aida Rahmattalabi, a post-doctoral student at the University of Southern California in the US.

“In order to improve the effectiveness of interventions, you need to know how people will influence each other in a group,” Rahmattalabi added. While group therapy can offer support to homeless youth, if not structured properly, they can also lead to friendships based on anti-social behaviour.

Also Read: Women-Centric Drug Rehabilitation Centers in Hyderabad is Saving Young Girls from Recreational Drugs like LSD

The team tackled this problem from an AI perspective, creating an algorithm that takes into account both how the individuals in a subgroup are connected — their social ties — and their prior history of substance abuse.

Drug overdose
Group theray can save many lives. Pixabay

Survey data gathered voluntarily from homeless youth, as well as behavioural theories and observations of previous interventions, were used to build a computational model of the interventions.

“Based on this we have an influence model that explains how likely it is for an individual to adopt negative behaviours or change negative behaviours based on their participation in the group,” Rahmattalabi noted. “This helps us predict what happens when we group people into smaller groups,” she said. IANS

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BlackBerry Unveils its EoT Platform ‘BlackBerry Spark’

The platform would facilitate consumer-friendly interfaces to complex processes and AI, such as voice-activated speakers with privacy protection.

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BlackBerry, Hyperconnectivity
'BlackBerry Spark' EoT platform unveiled. Pixabay

BlackBerry on Thursday unveiled its Enterprise of Things (EoT) platform “BlackBerry Spark”, which is designed and built to establish end-to-end, ultra-secure hyperconnectivity.

The EoT platform would be available by the end of 2018.

Hyperconnectivity is a person-to-person and person-to-machine communication in networked organisations and societies.

bLACKBERRY, hyperconnectivity
BlackBerry Spark” would enable organisations to comply with stringent multi-national regulatory requirements Flickr

 

“BlackBerry Spark” would enable original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to make complex machineries, help enterprises to leverage artificial intelligence (AI) and manage smart “things” and allow people to use and trust any hyperconnected “thing” by making military-grade security easy and intuitive to use.

“By combining hyperconnectivity with ultra-security and privacy, ‘BlackBerry Spark’ is the indispensable component of a paradigm shift to ‘things-first’ which holds even greater potential to reshape society,” John Chen, Executive Chairman and CEO, BlackBerry, said in a statement.

The platform would facilitate consumer-friendly interfaces to complex processes and AI, such as voice-activated speakers with privacy protection.

blackberry, hyperconnectivity
The EoT platform would be available by the end of 2018. IANS

“The ultimate outcome of this inevitable convergence of ubiquitous mobility and computing power will likely turn on the cybersecurity decisions we make collectively over the next few years,” Chen added.

Also Read: BlackBerry Launches 2 New Smartphones

“BlackBerry Spark” would also enable organisations to comply with stringent multi-national regulatory requirements and would be compatible with both iOS and Android. (IANS)