Saturday January 25, 2020

High Level of Air Pollution Associated with Poor Bone Health Among Indians

Osteoporosis is a disease in which the density and quality of the bone is reduced. Globally, it is responsible for a substantial burden of disease and its prevalence is expected to increase due to ageing of the population

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Delhi
According to Safar India, with an air quality index (AQI) of 412, the overall air quality in Delhi continued to be in the severe category -- most polluted. VOA

High level of air pollution may be weakening the bones of Indians, in addition to increasing risk for other health conditions such as lung cancer, stroke, respiratory diseases, warns a study.

The study analysed the association between air pollution and bone health in over 3,700 people from 28 villages outside the city of Hyberabad.

The results, published in the journal JAMA Network Open, showed that exposure to ambient air pollution, particularly to fine particles, was associated with lower levels of bone mass.

“This study contributes to the limited and inconclusive literature on air pollution and bone health,” said first author of the study Otavio Ranzani, researcher at Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal) in Spain.

Regarding the possible mechanisms underlying this association, he said “inhalation of polluting particles could lead to bone mass loss through the oxidative stress and inflammation caused by air pollution”.

Apocalyptic pollution
Delhiites are suffering from the adverse effects of air pollution. Pixabay

For the study, the authors used a locally-developed model to estimate outdoor exposure at residence to air pollution by fine particulate matter (suspended particles with a diameter of 2.5 micrometre or less) and black carbon.

The participants also filled a questionnaire on the type of fuel used for cooking. The authors linked this information with bone health assessed using a special type of radiography that measures bone density, called dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and measured bone mass at the lumbar spine and the left hip.

Annual average exposure to ambient PM2.5 was 32.8 micrograms per cubic metre air — far above the maximum levels recommended by the World Health Organisation (10 micrograms per cubic metre air).

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The researchers found an association between exposure to air pollution and poor bone health. No correlation was found with use of biomass fuel for cooking.

Osteoporosis is a disease in which the density and quality of the bone is reduced. Globally, it is responsible for a substantial burden of disease and its prevalence is expected to increase due to ageing of the population. (IANS)

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60% Indians Do Not Wear Right Shoes to Gym: Reebok

Sixty five per cent of people in India are aware about the difference between a running and training shoe

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Gym shoes
71% of women use same shoes for running as gym, while overall atleast 40% use separate pair for gym from running. Pixabay

Sixty five per cent of people in India are aware about the difference between a running and training shoe, yet when asked close to 60 per cent of those people do not wear the right shoes to the gym, says a new survey by fitness brand Reebok.

The survey shows that more than 80 per cent people workout at least every alternate day. However, only 73 per cent of that set own specific shoes for gym.

71% of women use same shoes for running as gym, while overall atleast 40% use separate pair for gym from running, it says.

Gym shoes
In an effort to better understand the fitness consumer, Reebok rolled out a survey to understand the awareness amongst consumers about the right shoes that should be worn to the gym. Pixabay

Women were more likely to spurge on shoes in 1k-5k category. However, men were more likely to buy shoes frequently than women, says the survey.

In an effort to better understand the fitness consumer, the brand rolled out a survey to understand the awareness amongst consumers about the right shoes that should be worn to the gym. It was conducted on consumers across Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore.

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The survey revealed that men tend to buy shoes more frequently than women, and when women do buy shoes, it is in the range of 1K- 5K. If you are one of those gym goers who splurge on their shoes, you are a part of a mere 6 per cent of the total universe.

Industry experts have agreed that wearing the right gear is as important as the workout itself. However, the survey brought out an alarming truth that close to 40 per cent of people are unaware about the difference between running and training shoes. (IANS)