Sunday July 21, 2019

Researchers Create an App That can Predict Hernia Risk After Abdominal Surgery

The analysis also identified risk factors that made a patient more likely to develop an incisional hernia

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Abdominal fat drives cancer in postmenopausal women
Abdominal fat drives cancer in postmenopausal women. Pixabay

Researchers have created an app that may predict the likelihood of developing an incisional hernia following an abdominal surgery, using Big Data analytics to potentially help address a problem effects one out of every eight of these surgical patients.

The team developed the app utilising electronic health records (EHR) to identify the most common risk factors for patients, as well as which surgeries most commonly result in incisional hernias across multiple specialties.

“Our tool presents the risk for each case at the point of care, giving surgeons and patients the chance to consider this outcome ahead of time and incorporate data into the decision-making process,” said co-author John P. Fischer from the University of Pennsylvania.

Incisional hernias occur after abdominal surgery at the site of the surgical wound when the contents of the abdomen can push through the muscle.

For the study, presented at the 139th American Surgical Association Annual Meeting in Dallas, Texas, the team analysed the EHRs of 29,739 patients undergoing intra-abdominal, urologic, or gynecological surgery at Penn between January 2005 and June 2016.

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They found more than 1,100 of these patients (3.8 per cent) ended up requiring a second surgery following the primary operation to repair the incisional hernias.

Colorectal surgeries were the most common specialty associated with incision hernias (7.7 per cent of cases), followed by vascular (5.2 per cent), bariatric (4.8 per cent), and transplant (4.5 per cent).

The analysis also identified risk factors that made a patient more likely to develop an incisional hernia.

The most common was a history of abdominal surgery, which increased the likelihood in 87.5 per cent of cases. That was followed by a history of smoking and a recent infection (75 per cent for both). Obesity was also a significant risk, though it was weighted less than other factors. (IANS)

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Microsoft to Move Cortana as a Separate App in Windows Store

The software giant is using this beta app to update Cortana separately from Windows 10

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A Cortana beta that has appeared in the Windows Store has ignited the speculations. Pixabay

Hinting that its voice assistant app does not always come built-in, Microsoft is planning on moving Cortana as a separate app in the Windows store.

A Cortana beta that has appeared in the Windows Store has ignited the speculations, The Verge reported on Friday.

The software giant is using this beta app to update Cortana separately from Windows 10, so the digital assistant can supposedly get new features quickly, but the step clearly indicates that the digital assistant could eventually not be built into Windows 10.

Rumours of Microsoft distancing Cortana from Windows 10 first started when the software major decoupled Cortana from Search in the May 2019 update of Windows 10.

Microsoft, Cortana, App
Hinting that its voice assistant app does not always come built-in, Microsoft is planning on moving Cortana as a separate app. Pixabay

However, Cortana was always built as a web-based service hence it could be updated without core Windows 10 changes.

As of now it is not immediately clear what Microsoft has planned here, but it is likely connected to the upcoming beta phase of the next Windows 10 update code-named 19H2.

Microsoft had planned to start testing 19H2 by now and originally promised a spring release to testers, the report said.

The company has been surprisingly quiet about what 19H2 even includes but it is expected to arrive later this year with a full Linux kernel.

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Microsoft even started testing its first 2020 Windows 10 update ahead of 19H2 and it continues to issue builds to testers, the report added. (IANS)