Thursday, February 25, 2021
Home Lead Story Artificial Intelligence to Play a Critical Role in Diagnosing Breast Cancer Quickly

Artificial Intelligence to Play a Critical Role in Diagnosing Breast Cancer Quickly

"We had about 80 per cent accuracy rate. We will continue to refine the algorithm by using more real-world images as inputs,” Oberai said

Breast ultrasound elastography is an emerging imaging technique that provides information about a potential breast lesion and researchers have identified the critical role AI can play in making this technique more efficient and accurate.

Using more precise information about the characteristics of a cancerous versus non-cancerous breast lesion, this methodology using Artificial Intelligence (AI) has demonstrated more accuracy compared to traditional modes of imaging.

In the study published in the journal Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Indian-origin researchers Dhruv Patel and Assad Oberai from the University of Southern California showed that it is possible to train a machine to interpret real-world images using synthetic data and streamline the steps to diagnosis.

In the case of breast ultrasound elastography, once an image of the affected area is taken, it is analysed to determine displacements inside the tissue. Using this data and the physical laws of mechanics, the spatial distribution of mechanical properties, like its stiffness, is determined.

In the study, researchers sought to determine if they could skip the most complicated steps of this workflow.

Cancer
Cancer Ribbon. Pixabay

For this, the researchers used about 12,000 synthetic images to train their Machine Learning algorithm. This process was similar to how photo identification software works, i.e learning through repeated inputs on how to recognize a particular person in an image, or how our brain learns to classify a cat versus a dog.

Through enough examples, the algorithm was able to glean different features inherent to a benign tumour versus a malignant tumour and make the correct determination.

Also Read- Over 16 Million Accounts of Indian Influencers on Instagram are Fake

The researchers achieved nearly 100 per cent classification accuracy on synthetic images. Once the algorithm was trained, they tested it on real-world images to determine how accurate it could be in providing a diagnosis, measuring these results against biopsy-confirmed diagnoses associated with these images.

“We had about 80 per cent accuracy rate. We will continue to refine the algorithm by using more real-world images as inputs,” Oberai said. (IANS)

STAY CONNECTED

19,120FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,773FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Study: Using Digital Health Tools May Help You With Significant Weight Loss

Greater engagement in self-monitoring using digital health tools may help you with significant weight loss, says a new study. The study, published in the...

Covid19 Messing Up With Sugar Level Of The Patients

Gaurav Jain (name changed upon request) recovered from a mild Covid-19 attack around Divali and began a normal life after a short bout of...

How are the COVID-19 vaccine’s safety and efficacy ensured?

I volunteered for a trial of the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine and saw firsthand how scientists and doctors make sure that it is safe and effective...

Study: Teens May Be More Likely To Be Bullied By Their Friends

Adolescents and teens may be more likely to be bullied by their friends or friends-of-friends than peers who are not closely linked, a new...

10 Health Benefits Of Mint Leaves That One Must Know

Pudina (mint) is one of the oldest culinary herbs known to humans. It has remarkable medicinal properties and is a rich source of polyphenols....

The Job Market Still Looks Bleak In India After A Pandemic-Hit 2020

While the job market still looks bleak in India after a pandemic-hit 2020, the world's professional network LinkedIn said on Wednesday it has seen...

How The 2021 Union Budget Can Impact The Share Market In Future

By Prajakta Pingulkar Share market for beginners is a whole new territory to explore. The market speculation going throughout the year puts many new investors...

Light Intensity Physical Activity May Protect Mobility In Older Women

Light-intensity physical activity, including gardening, shopping, or a casual walk may protect mobility in older women, suggests a new study. The study indicated that...

Recent Comments