Tuesday December 10, 2019
Home Lead Story Artificial In...

Artificial Intelligence Poses Risks of Misuse by Hackers: Researchers

The report makes a series of recommendations including regulating AI as a dual-use military/commercial technology

0
//
There are many good uses of AI, but it can be misused too.
AI can now help astronomers find life on other planet. Pixabay
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) poses risk of hackers
  • AI uses computer system to do daily activities
  • AI uses many computer systems which can be misused by hackers

Rapid advances in artificial intelligence are raising risks that malicious users will soon exploit the technology to mount automated hacking attacks, cause driverless car crashes or turn commercial drones into targeted weapons, a new report warns.

The study, published on Wednesday by 25 technical and public policy researchers from Cambridge, Oxford and Yale universities along with privacy and military experts, sounded the alarm for the potential misuse of AI by rogue states, criminals and lone-wolf attackers.

AI can causes risk of hackers. pixabay
AI can cause risk of hackers. Pixabay

The researchers said the malicious use of AI poses imminent threats to digital, physical and political security by allowing for large-scale, finely targeted, highly efficient attacks. The study focuses on plausible developments within five years.

“We all agree there are a lot of positive applications of AI,” Miles Brundage, a research fellow at Oxford’s Future of Humanity Institute. “There was a gap in the literature around the issue of malicious use.”

Also Read: Indian Railways to use artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence, or AI, involves using computers to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence, such as making decisions or recognizing text, speech or visual images.

It is considered a powerful force for unlocking all manner of technical possibilities but has become a focus of strident debate over whether the massive automation it enables could result in widespread unemployment and other social dislocations.

AI is a powerful way of unlocking all technical mannerisms.
AI is a powerful way of unlocking all technical mannerisms.

The 98-page paper cautions that the cost of attacks may be lowered by the use of AI to complete tasks that would otherwise require human labour and expertise. New attacks may arise that would be impractical for humans alone to develop or which exploit the vulnerabilities of AI systems themselves.

It reviews a growing body of academic research about the security risks posed by AI and calls on governments and policy and technical experts to collaborate and defuse these dangers.

The researchers detail the power of AI to generate synthetic images, text and audio to impersonate others online, in order to sway public opinion, noting the threat that authoritarian regimes could deploy such technology.

Also Read: Artificial Intelligence has the potential to increase India’s annual growth

The report makes a series of recommendations including regulating AI as a dual-use military/commercial technology.

Artificial Intelligence is used to read text and images. Wikimedia Commons
Artificial Intelligence is used to read text and images. Wikimedia Commons

It also asks questions about whether academics and others should rein in what they publish or disclose about new developments in AI until other experts in the field have a chance to study and react to potential dangers they might pose.

“We ultimately ended up with a lot more questions than answers,” Brundage said. VOA

Next Story

AI Can Better Help Doctors to Identify Cancer Cells in Human Body

The process of manually identifying all the cells in a pathology slide is extremely labor intensive and error-prone

0
Cancer
The AI algorithm helps pathologists obtain the most accurate Cancer cell analysis - in a much faster way. Pixabay

Researchers at University of Texas Southwestern have developed a software tool that uses Artificial Intelligence (AI) to recognize Cancer cells from digital pathology images – giving clinicians a powerful way of predicting patient outcomes.

The spatial distribution of different types of cells can reveal a cancer’s growth pattern, its relationship with the surrounding microenvironment, and the body’s immune response.

But the process of manually identifying all the cells in a pathology slide is extremely labor intensive and error-prone.

“To make a diagnosis, pathologists usually only examine several ‘representative’ regions in detail, rather than the whole slide. However, some important details could be missed by this approach,” said Dr. Guanghua “Andy” Xiao, corresponding author of a study published in EbioMedicine.

A major technical challenge in systematically studying the tumor microenvironment is how to automatically classify different types of cells and quantify their spatial distributions.

The AI algorithm that Dr Xiao and his team developed, called “ConvPath”, overcomes these obstacles by using AI to classify cell types from lung cancer pathology images.

Cancer
Researchers at University of Texas Southwestern have developed a software tool that uses Artificial Intelligence (AI) to recognize Cancer Cells from digital pathology images – giving clinicians a powerful way of predicting patient outcomes. Pixabay

The ConvPath algorithm can “look” at cells and identify their types based on their appearance in the pathology images using an AI algorithm that learns from human pathologists.

The algorithm helps pathologists obtain the most accurate cancer cell analysis – in a much faster way.

ALSO READ: Now Gmail Will Let You Send Emails as Attachment

“It is time-consuming and difficult for pathologists to locate very small tumour regions in tissue images, so this could greatly reduce the time that pathologists need to spend on each image,” said Dr Xiao. (IANS)