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Artificial Intelligence System to Suggest on How to Make Outfit More Fashionable

It considers where edits will have the most impact. It then offers several alternative outfits to the user

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Artificial Intelligence, Outfit, Fashionable
The tool, named Fashion++, uses visual recognition systems to analyse the colour, pattern, texture and shape of garments in an image. Pixabay

People turn to different sources for tips on clothing — be it magazines to best friends to Instagram — now researchers have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) system that can look at a photo of an outfit and suggest on how to make it more fashionable.

“It’s also motivated by a practical idea: that we can work with a given outfit to make small changes so it’s just a bit better,” said Kristen Grauman, Professor from University of Texas at Austin.

Suggestions may include tweaks such as selecting a sleeveless top or a longer jacket, said researchers.

The tool, named Fashion++, uses visual recognition systems to analyse the colour, pattern, texture and shape of garments in an image.

 

Artificial Intelligence, Outfit, Fashionable
It’s also motivated by a practical idea: that we can work with a given outfit to make small changes so it’s just a bit better. Pixabay

It considers where edits will have the most impact. It then offers several alternative outfits to the user.

Fashion++ was trained using more than 10,000 images of outfits shared publicly on online sites for fashion enthusiasts.

“Finding images of fashionable outfits was easy,” said researcher Kimberly Hsiao. Finding unfashionable images proved challenging. So, she came up with a workaround.

She mixed images of fashionable outfits to create less-fashionable examples and trained the system on what not to wear. “As fashion styles evolve, the AI can continue to learn by giving it new images, which are abundant on the internet,” Hsiao said.

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Like all AI systems, bias can creep in through the data sets for Fashion++.

The researchers pointed out that vintage looks are harder to recognise as stylish because training images came from the internet, which has been in wide use only since the 1990s.

Additionally, because the users submitting images were mostly from North America, styles from other parts of the world don’t show up as much.

Artificial Intelligence, Outfit, Fashionable
Suggestions may include tweaks such as selecting a sleeveless top or a longer jacket, said researchers. Pixabay

Another challenge is that many images of fashionable clothes appear on models, but bodies come in many sizes and shapes, affecting fashion choices.

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The study is scheduled to be presented at International Conference on Computer Vision in Seoul, South Korea. (IANS)

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AI-based Algorithm to Help Doctors Treat Traumatic Brain Injury

AI-based algorithm to treat brain injury developed

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Artificial Intelligence brain
An AI-based algorithm will help doctors treat patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Pixabay

Researchers, including one of Indian-origin, have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) based algorithm that could help doctors treat patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).

The algorithms can predict the probability of the patient dying within 30-days with an accuracy of 80-85 per cent, said the study published in the journal Scientific Reports.

“A dynamic prognostic model like this has not been presented before. Although this is a proof-of-concept and it will still take some time before we can implement algorithms like this into daily clinical practice, our study reflects how and into what direction modern intensive care is evolving”, said Indian-origin researcher and study author Rahul Raj from Helsinki University Hospital in the Finland.

Traumatic brain injury is a significant global cause of mortality and morbidity with an increasing incidence, especially in low-and-middle income countries.

The most severe TBIs are treated in intensive care units (ICU), but in spite of the proper and high-quality care, about one in three patients dies.

Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injury is a significant global cause of mortality and morbidity. Pixabay

This is why researchers at Helsinki University Hospital (HUS) started to develop an artificial intelligence (AI) based algorithm that could help doctors treat patients with severe TBI.

At its best, such an algorithm could predict the outcome of the individual patient and give objective data regarding the condition and prognosis of the patient and how it changes during treatment.

“We have developed two separate algorithms. The first algorithm is simpler and is based only upon objective monitor data. The second algorithm is slightly more complex and includes data regarding the level of consciousness, measured by the widely used Glasgow Coma Scale score,” said study researcher Eetu Pursiainen.

As expected, the accuracy of the more complex algorithm is slightly better than for the simpler algorithm.

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“Still, the accuracy of both algorithms is surprisingly good, considering that the simpler model is based upon only three main variables and the more complex upon five main variables”, Pursiainen said.

In the future, the algorithms still have to be validated in national and international external datasets, the researchers concluded. (IANS)