Sunday November 17, 2019

Babies already have a Sense of what Counting Means: Study

For the study, published in the journal Developmental Science, the researchers worked with 14 and 18-month-old infants

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Babies
Research like ours shows that Babies actually have a pretty sophisticated understanding of the world -- they're already trying to make sense of what adults around them are saying, and that includes this domain of counting and numbers. Pixabay

Babies who are years away from being able to say ‘one’, ‘two’, and ‘three’ actually already have a sense of what counting means, said a new study.

“Research like ours shows that babies actually have a pretty sophisticated understanding of the world — they’re already trying to make sense of what adults around them are saying, and that includes this domain of counting and numbers,” said the study’s senior author Lisa Feigenson from the Johns Hopkins University in the US.

For the study, published in the journal Developmental Science, the researchers worked with 14 and 18-month-old infants.

The babies watched as toys, little dogs or cars, were hidden in a box that they couldn’t see inside of, but could reach into.

Sometimes the researchers counted each toy aloud as they dropped them into the box, saying, ‘Look! One, two, three, four — four dogs!’ Other times the researchers simply dropped each toy into the box, saying, ‘This, this, this and this — these dogs’.

Without counting, the babies had a hard time remembering that the box held four things.

They tended to become distracted after the researchers pulled just one out — as if there was nothing else to see. But when the toys were counted, the babies clearly expected more than one to be pulled from the box.

Babies
Babies who are years away from being able to say ‘one’, ‘two’, and ‘three’ actually already have a sense of what counting means, said a new study. Pixabay

According to the study, they didn’t remember the exact but they did remember the approximate number.

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“When we counted the toys for the babies before we hid them, the babies were much better at remembering how many toys there were,” said the study’s researcher Jenny Wang, Assistant Professor at the Rutgers University. (IANS)

Next Story

Here’s Why Complimentary Cancer Therapies Can Cause More Harm

Doctors need to be more proactive about asking their patients what else they are taking when they are being treated for cancer

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Cancer
It is particularly important that patients always check with their doctors first before trying complementary therapies for Cancer that has spread to the skin. Pixabay

A medical expert has said that Cancer patients should tell doctors treating them about the herbal products they may be taking since some ingredients could affect their treatment.

Maria Joao Cardoso, the head breast surgeon at the Champalimaud Cancer Centre in Lisbon, Portugal, said that there was no evidence that herbal therapies or creams worked.

If in doubt, it is best not to take anything, she added.

Garlic, ginger and ginkgo pills, for example, can delay the healing of skin wounds when breast cancer spreads, she said.

“Doctors need to be more proactive about asking their patients what else they are taking when they are being treated for cancer,” Cardoso told the BBC.

She said that it is particularly important that patients always check with their doctors first before trying complementary therapies for cancer that has spread to the skin. This happens in one in five cases of breast cancer, and less in other cancers.

The danger is that many products can interfere with the hormone therapy or chemotherapy treatments, and certain ones prolong the blood clotting process, which can lead to wounds taking longer time to heal and more scarring.

She said that herbal products like green chiretta, feverfew, garlic, ginkgo, ginseng, hawthorn, horse chestnut and turmeric slow down clotting.

Cancer
A medical expert has said that Cancer patients should tell doctors treating them about the herbal products they may be taking since some ingredients could affect their treatment. Pixabay

Cardoso said that it is not surprising that patients and their carers go searching for complementary or alternative treatments that might make a difference.

But she said people should know that “they could end up doing more harm than good”.

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“The highest goal in medicine is important to remember: Do no harm,” she said.

As per the website of Cancer Research UK, some complementary therapies might stop conventional treatments working as well as they should. (IANS)