Aug 28, 2017: Ninety Rohingya migrants have been detained and forcibly returned just hours later and Myanmarese troops on the opposite side of the border had opened fire on people leaving the country, said Police on Sunday.
Police stopped a group of 70 Rohingya after they passed the “zero line” border zone.
Local police chief Abul Khaer said, The villagers were caught approximately four km within Bangladeshi territory on the way to a refugee camp in Kutupalong, where thousands of Rohingya live in a poor state.
“All 70 were detained and later pushed back to Myanmar by the border guards,” Mr. Khaer told AFP.
Police said some of the detained Rohingya had entered Bangladesh through the Ghumdhum border area, where the Myanmar forces released the attack of fire a few hours earlier.
One policeman on condition of anonymity said, “They were pleading with us not to send them back to Myanmar.”
According to Ariful Islam, a commander with Border Guard Bangladesh(BGB), another group of 20 Rohingya were caught on Sunday and returned after traversing the Naf river, a border between Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Another border officer, Manzurul Hassan Khan, said that across the border in Rakhine, which is also the breeding ground for religious hatred, a new gunfire could be overheard.
More than hundred people have expired since Friday as numbers of men allegedly from the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army(ARSA) surrounded Myanmar police stations with guns, homemade explosives, and knives, annihilating not less than a dozen members of security forces.
Around thousands of Rohingya have retreated towards Bangladesh with an undefined number of people — mostly women and children grounded in the border zone, but officials there have rejected to invade them.
The poverty-stricken country already treats about 400,000 Rohingya refugees.
Abdur Rahman, who is a senior government official told AFP that “Officials in Cox’s Bazar, the district bordering Myanmar, have been directed not to pass any “illegal entry” by Rohingya.”
However, at least 3,000 Rohingya refugees have entered the country as refugees since Friday despite massive border protection.
“They fired so close that I cannot hear anything now,” Mohammad Zafar,70, told about armed Buddhists who shot dead his two sons in a field.
“They came with rods and sticks to drive us to the border yelling, ‘Bengali bastards,'” Zafar told AFP.
Rahima Khatun told AFP, she spent the night lurking in the hills after Buddhists in her settlement ablaze Rohingya home.
“We grew up with them. I can’t figure out how they could be so merciless,” she told AFP.
Despite ages of oppression, the Rohingya extensively abstained from violence.
Although in October, ARSA ambushed a sequence of Myanmar border stations, that left some people dead and drove 87,000 scores to decamp to Bangladesh.
Northern Rakhine was shadowed by disorder since then, with civilians ambushed between militants and security forces.
In Rakhine only, the freshest victims are the six members of a Hindu family. Bullet-riddled bodies of a woman and three were found on Sunday.
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Dozens of sprawling informal education centers across refugee camps in Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar are providing a glimmer of hope for thousands of Rohingya refugee children who survived a massacre in their home country of Myanmar in 2017.
Across makeshift camps in refugee city of Kutupalong, hundreds of informal learning centers have been set up by international agencies and Rohingya community leaders to give the refugee children access to education. The opportunity to learn and improve skills is something the youngsters were never offered back in Myanmar.
Sharmeen Noor, a mathematics teacher at Kutupalong Primary School, told VOA that their programs ensure the Rohingya children do not fall behind in their education despite the absence of formal schooling. The centers can also create a positive impact to help those traumatized by the Burmese army’s 2017 crackdown that forced nearly 700,000 ethnic Rohingya to flee from Rakhine state to Bangladesh.
“Those who have seen violence think about it all the time,” said Noor. “They pay very little attention in class. As teachers, we are working on this matter. We are trying our best to bring them into normal life. God willing we will do it.”
About 350 Rohingya children are currently enrolled at Kutupalong Primary School, which provides basic informal education from preprimary through fifth grade. The children are taught subjects such as general science, mathematical, English, Burmese, and Bengali.
Noor said many of their teaching activities focus on play-based learning to provide education and at the same time give the children a chance to forget the daily struggles they face in the overcrowded camps. Particular attention is given to children who are mentally challenged.
“We put these children in between two good students so that the kids can follow their example … It is challenging, all kids are not similar. To understand them we have to rely on their mental ability. We make a list of pupils who are behind. To bring them to a normal level, we try to provide something they like, such as games,” Noor added.
More than 700,000 ethnic Rohingya people fled their homes in Rakhine province of neighboring Myanmar in the summer of 2017 due to a crackdown by Myanmar’s army and Buddhist militias. The UN has described the army’s campaign in Rakhine province as “textbook ethnic cleansing”, and has charged that the Rohingya people suffered killings, rape, and mass destruction of their homes by the army and Buddhist militias.
Most of those who fled to neighboring Bangladesh have been placed in Kutupalong, making it the largest refugee settlement complex in the world.
An estimated 400,000 of the Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh are children. Human rights organizations say only one-third of them have access to education. Lack of basic services and health care have also put many children at the risk of malnutrition and infectious diseases.
In a December report, Human Rights Watch said authorities in Bangladesh were deliberately preventing aid groups from providing education in the camps and banning Rohingya children from enrolling in schools outside the camps.
“Bangladesh has made it clear that it doesn’t want the Rohingya to remain indefinitely, but depriving children of education just compounds the harm to the children and won’t resolve the refugees’ plight any faster,” said Bill Van Esveld, the watchdog’s associate children’s rights director.
“The government of Bangladesh saved countless lives by opening its borders and providing refuge to the Rohingya, but it needs to end its misguided policy of blocking education for Rohingya children,” he added.
Informal learning centers
The Bangladesh government, however, announced in January that it was working with the United Nations’ children agency UNICEF to provide formal education to the children. UNICEF described the move as “a major new phase” for education of the refugee children that initially targets 10,000 Rohingya students from grades six to nine and will later be expanded to other grades.
Through a program called the Learning Competency Framework and Approach, the UNICEF currently provides informal education to 220,000 Rohingya children between aged four to 14. An estimated 315,000 children and adults are getting education in over 3,200 learning centers supported by the UNICEF and other agencies.
Many Rohingya refugees, however, say the learning centers are not enough to empower their children and equip them with needed skills.
Across the camps, religious leaders have volunteered to provide religious teaching in mosques and makeshift centers known as Madrasas. The children in the Madrasas mainly focus on Islamic studies and Arabic.
Teacher Abdus Sobhan told VOA that 15 volunteer instructors were working with him at a Madrasa hosting 93 students. The children in his classes are taught to recite Quran and learn Arabic.
“It is important to teach children religion, so that they refrain from bad actions and devote themselves to God,” Sobhan told VOA.
Hafez Idris, another Rohingya teacher based in Kutupalong lambashia I2 B3 camp, is working with four other teachers to help orphaned kids learn how to recite the Quran. The learning center, Nurani Yetim Khana and Hafez Khana, hosts as many as 250 Rohingya orphans who are put into religious studies as well as math, Burmese and English.
“We don’t take any money from students or people from our block, but if anyone willingly wants to contribute, then we accept the money. We run this Madrasa to save our religion and to educate our young generation about religious studies,” he told VOA.
According to Hafiz Ullah, another teacher at Hafez Khana, by providing children with education, even if informal, the community hopes to preserve their culture from being lost after being uprooted from Rakhine state.