Wednesday February 21, 2018
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Be a humanist first, then think about nationalism

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By Yagya Datt Sharma

Why there is so much havoc created in the country on the topic of Nationalism (राष्ट्रवाद)? What is a Nation? Isn’t it a boundary line drawn over the map, which had been kept on changing since the evolution of humanity?

Once upon a time, Nepal, Bangladesh,Pakistan,Srilanka etc all (in fact most of the known part of earth) used to be termed as One country for our ancestors. Also History says that Lord Ram visited and lived at all these places while roaming in the forest. Today same region is divided by the men made boundaries (as we call सरहदें) on the maps … Same places are being called as foreign for us. Was Ram serving to the people of foreign that time? Buddha was born at Lumbini which is currently in Nepal, but he spread the messages of goodness and non-violence to all parts of the world in his reach to help humanity without considering any boundaries. There was no hatred on the name of nation’s boundaries
In fact RAM, Buddha n all great souls in the world were serving the whole Humanity on the earth wherever they were.

Still, All natural things i.e. Sun, Moon, Winds, Clouds, Rain etc do not follow the rules of boundaries.

In present also, Many Indians like Satya Nadella, Sundar Pichai, Ajay Bagga, Indira Nooyi etc, heading top MNCs like Google, Microsoft, MasterCard, Pepsico as CEOs which are the origins of foreign economies. Aren’t we all using their products technologies to enhance our lives? Irony is that people who hate foreign or tag people anti-national are spreading these messages using social media facebook/twitter running on their Android or iPhone which are all the products of the foreign soil.

Our lives are better today because some great people at Top work for the whole humanity without considering men drawn boundaries. They don’t differentiate based on the nationality.. If they started behaving too nationalist (as per the definitions of some) with hatred towards foreign and never exchanged products,technologies OR their inventions with foreigners, Can we dream of similar paced evolution of humanity?

My whole point is that There is No need of spreading hatred about the word ‘foreign’ or ‘foreigners’ OR and fighting or killings over the drawn lines on the map. It is seen frequently in many Nations that some of their political leaders or some sections of media keep on spreading hatred using the word anti-national, foreign/foreigners or neighboring nations n fill up the the minds of their citizens with negativity. I would say , Don’t generalize by tagging whole country, college or religion etc as evil or good based on the actions of few. We must understand that Good and bad humans are every where… Lines drawn on the map cannot be the criteria of goodness or evil. Without any doubt, We all love our country so we do respect other countries as well.. I would urge not to be extremists.

Be a Humanist first before tagging yourself Nationalist. Live with peace and spread positivity!

Yagya Datt Sharma is an Engineer , working in Hughes ,USA. He likes to write on social issues.

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How telecom has become driver of economic change in India

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The country's hyper-competitive telecom sector has led the revolution from the front.
The country's hyper-competitive telecom sector has led the revolution from the front. Wikimedia Commons
  • India has done well to stay ahead of the curve in the technological revolution
  • The sectoral change in productivity has been the highest in the telecommunications sector since the reforms of 1991
  • India has managed to provide the cheapest telephony services around the world

For the most part of human history, the change was glacial in pace. It was quite safe to assume that the world at the time of your death would look pretty much similar to the one at the time of your birth. That is no longer the case, and the pace of change seems to be growing exponentially. Futurist Ray Kurzweil put it succinctly when he wrote in 2001: “We won’t experience 100 years of progress in the 21st century – it will be more like 20,000 years of progress (at today’s rate).” Since the time of his writing, a lot has changed, especially with the advent of the internet.

India has done well to stay ahead of the curve in the technological revolution. The country’s hyper-competitive telecom sector has led the revolution from the front. In fact, according to Reserve Bank of India data, the sectoral change in productivity has been the highest in the telecommunications sector since the reforms of 1991, growing by over 10 percent. On the other hand, no other sector has had a productivity growth of above five percent during the same period. It is no wonder that it has also been one of the fastest-growing sectors of the Indian economy, growing at over seven percent in the last decade itself.

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Such an unprecedented pace of growth has been brought about the precise levels of change that Kurzweil was so enthusiastic about. Today’s smartphones have the power of computers that took an entire room in the 1990s, and the telecom sector has had to keep up with a provision of commensurate internet speeds and services. Meanwhile, India has managed to provide the cheapest telephony services around the world, which has hit rock bottom after the entry of Reliance Jio. This has ensured access to those even at the bottom of the pyramid.

A rise in internet penetration has distinct positive effects on economic growth of a country.
A rise in internet penetration has distinct positive effects on economic growth of a country. Wikimedia Commons

Even though consumers have come to be accustomed to fast-paced changes within the telecom sector, the entry of Jio altered the face of the industry like never before by changing the very basis of competition. Data became the focal point of competition for an industry that derived over 75 percent of its revenue from voice. It was quite obvious that there would be immediate economic effects due to it. Now that we’re nearing a year of Jio’s paid operations, during which time it has even become profitable, we saw it fit to quantify its socio-economic impact on the country. Three broad takeaways need to be highlighted.

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First, the most evident effect has been the rise in affordability of calling and data services. Voice services have become practically costless while data prices have dropped from an average of Rs 152 per GB to lower than Rs 10 per GB. Such a drastic reduction in data prices has not only brought the internet within the reach of a larger proportion of the Indian population but has also allowed newer segments of society to use and experience it for the first time. Since the monthly saving of an average internet user came out to be Rs 142 per month (taking a conservative estimate that the consumer is still using 1 GB of data each month) and there are about 350 million mobile internet users in the country (Telecom Regulatory Authority of India data), the yearly financial savings for the entire country comes out to be Rs 60,000 crore.

To put things in perspective, this amount is more than four times the entire GDP of Bhutan. Therefore, mere savings by the consumer on data has been at astonishing proportions.

Today's smartphones have the power of computers that took an entire room in the 1990s, and the telecom sector has had to keep up with a provision of commensurate internet speeds and services. Wikimedia Commons
Today’s smartphones have the power of computers that took an entire room in the 1990s, and the telecom sector has had to keep up with a provision of commensurate internet speeds and services. Wikimedia Commons

Now, this data has been used for services that have brought to life a thriving app economy within the country. So, the second level of impact has been in the redressal of a variety of consumer needs — ranging from education, health and entertainment to banking. For instance, students in remote areas can now access online courseware and small businesses can access newer markets. Information asymmetry has been considerably reduced.

Third, a rise in internet penetration has distinct positive effects on economic growth of a country. These effects arise not merely from the creation of an internet economy, but also due to the synergy effects it generates. Information becomes more accessible and communication a lot easier. Businesses find it easier to operate and access consumers. Labour working in cities has to make less frequent trips home and becomes more productive as a result. Education and health services become available in inaccessible locations. Multiple avenues open up for knowledge and skill enhancement.

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An econometric analysis for the Indian economy showed that the 15 percent increase in internet penetration due to Jio and the spill-over effects it creates will raise the per capita levels of the country’s GDP by 5.85 percent, provided all else remains constant.

Thus, India’s telecom sector will continue to drive the economy forward, at least in the short run, and hopefully catapult India into 20,000 years of progress within this century, as Kurzweil postulated. The best approach for the state would be to ensure the environment of unfettered competition within the industry. Maybe other sectors of the economy ought to take a leaf out of the telecom growth story. The Indian banking sector comes to mind. However, that is a topic for another day. (IANS)

(Amit Kapoor is Chair, Institute for Competitiveness, India. He can be contacted at Amit. Kapoor@competitiveness.in and tweets @kautiliya. Chirag Yadav, a senior researcher at the institute, has contributed to the article.)