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What is Web development?
Web development is the process of building and maintaining websites to host via the internet. The process involves tasks such as web designing, client-side and server-side scripting, web content development, and network security configuration to build a perfect website or web application. Web design and web development are two most confused and interchangeably used terms, however, they are not the same. While web design focuses on aesthetics, design, layout, and user experience of the website, web development involves the usage of web languages, software, and coding to make the website functional. Web development is about experimenting with new technologies, solving customers’ problems, and building a responsive, easily accessible, and useful websites.
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Why is Web development needed?
Websites have become the first point of communication between customers and brands lately. It helps in creating awareness about a brand and its products and services, it generates leads, and it facilitates buying and selling of products. Websites give customers more liberty to choose, buy, and pay for a product as per their requirements, from anywhere, 24×7. Similarly, a well optimised, partially automated website, helps businesses hire employees only for the essential tasks rather than just assisting customers in selecting, buying, paying, or returning products like they do in physical stores. Had web development not been there, businesses could not have built their remarkable identity standing strong in today’s cut-throat competition. Web development helps organisations expand their reach through a credible platform, reduce costs, provide 24×7 accessibility to the customers, and pave the way for affordable worldwide marketing.
When do organisations need web developers?
Organisations are established to detect customers’ problems and solve them. After detection of the problem, companies find and build a solution that reaches the customers through a website. While anyone can create a website today with free-of-cost page builders and templates, only a skilled, technically sound, visually creative, and experienced web developer can make a customised website as per companies’ requirements. Organisations need professional web developers to build the website or web application that allows customers to connect with the brand to find apt solutions such as purchasing goods, paying bills, booking tickets, learning, and seeking entertainment. Organisations either hire web developers on a full-time basis or on a contractual basis for specific projects.
Companies look up to skilled web developers when they wish to execute their idea of building a website from scratch. Web developers assist brands in finalising the website design as per the trends, user requirements, and relevance to the competitors and the market. They build and test the website, add content management systems and complicated e-commerce tools in it, and they use programming languages like HTML & CSS to code the website. Web developers collectively work with different teams to finalise the content that would go on the website, decide the website’s layout, graphics, audio, and video with the help of other designers, and continuously monitor the website to manage its functionality, add new features, and keep the site secure.
Where is the need for Web development felt? – Career opportunities for web developers
Companies in almost every industry, be it technology, manufacturing, education, retail, food and beverage, entertainment, or telecommunications need professional web developers who can build, maintain, manage, and upgrade websites. People with knowledge of web development could work at —
- MNCs – Multinational corporations are branched out in different countries with a huge number of employees and provide promising growth opportunities and exposure to web developers. Although they expect applicants to have some prior internship or job experience, working in an MNC has multiple perks such as a diverse working environment, strong cultural values, opportunity to travel abroad, valuable and extensive networking opportunities, and unmatched experience for future. Skilled web developers can work with MNCs that specialise in computer systems, advertising, public relations, consulting, company management, information services, data, and design-related services.
- Start-ups or small businesses – Unlike MNCs, start-ups have a different set of perks and growth opportunities for budding web developers. Working as a web developer with growing companies helps one build a strong vision, learn to manage more tasks, handle responsibilities and challenges, bring innovative work to the table, and become frugal and independent. The freedom to creatively explore new possibilities in a start-up motivates web developers to give life to their imagination. One can start as an intern with a start-up and can gradually convert their internship into full-time roles like a web developer, computer programmer, software developer, database administrator, or technical writer.
- Self-employment or freelancing – Along with the flexibility in schedule, freedom to choose different web development projects, working from any location, and saving costs, freelancing helps in the development of ownership, self-confidence, interpersonal skills, networking and other essential skills. As per the U.S. Bureau of labour statistics (source), self-employment is the second most popular opportunity for web developers after full-time jobs in computer systems design and related services. As a freelancer, one can work with different industries on a contractual basis in roles such as back end, front end, full-stack, WordPress, PHP and My SQL, HTML, and ReactJS developer and can also work as a lecturer or online web development teacher.
- Web development agencies – A lot of organisations usually prefer outsourcing their website creation and management work to avoid getting stuck with an unattractive, outdated, and static website. Web development agencies work with different clients and help them by creating a professional web design, customised website, optimise it for higher conversion, and provide on-going support. Working with such dynamic agencies help individuals learn the importance of simple yet unique UI/UX, clean coding, SEO, and responsive design. Job portal, e-learning solutions, e-commerce and marketplace, social networking, news portal, business directory, tours and travel, and property listing website are some websites for different industries that a web developer could get to work on with a professional agency.
Who can do Web development?
Web development is an extensive task which demands technical and non-technical proficiency along with practical experience of building the website, finding and rectifying errors, updating content, and monitoring the website. Someone can perform web development once they choose an industry, niche, and category they would like to work in as the skills required for each differ. Web developers generally work in 3 major categories-
- Back-end web developer – The back end of the website has a database, a server, and an application. The data related to the users and their actions is stored in the back-end which is managed by back-end developers. They generally use server-side languages such as PHP, Python, and Java to build the application and several tools like Oracle and MySQL to manage the data.
- Full-stack web developer – These people work on both the client-side and server-side and perform the duties of both front-end and back-end developer. They generally work with all the tools, languages, and software that the above two work with.
After choosing any one of the above mentioned 3, one can start learning the essential skills required for web development. Knowledge of programming languages such as HTML, CSS, SQL, Java, Python, and XML, understanding of UI/UX, back end basics, testing and debugging skills, and responsive design skills are must to build a career as a web developer. Analytical skills, interpersonal skills, teamwork, time-management, constant improvement and learning, and staying up-to-date with the latest web development tools and industry trends are some of the essential soft skills they must have. Someone with all these skills and the enthusiasm to work on user experience, browser compatibility, API and databases, internet security, responsive design, and networks and servers every day can do web development.
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How to learn Web development?
Web development brings some of the most dynamic, creative, and interesting career opportunities if learnt from a credible online training platform or university. Online web development courses are extremely popular as they provide extensive practical exposure that physical training institutes sometimes fail to serve the students with due to lack of devices, internet access, technological availability, and higher teaching charges. Online trainings are affordable, accessible, and easily available even in the most remote parts of the country.
Enrolling in an online web development training will help you learn HTML & CSS to build the structure of web pages and to style them, Bootstrap to develop responsive mobile web pages, SQL queries to create, manage, and store information in the database, and PHP to perform operations on the database and to build functional logic. You will learn through engaging video tutorials in a 6 weeks long training which also includes multiple assignments, assessment tests, code challenges, quizzes and exercises. Along with expert support through the forum, a certificate with a unique verification number, and placement assistance, you will get to work on a real-life e-commerce website from scratch where you will deploy all the web development skills and tools learnt in the training.
Courtesy: Internshala Trainings (trainings.internshala.com) – an online training platform
WASHINGTON — U.S. federal law enforcement agencies and Europol announced dozens of arrests to break up a global operation that sold illegal drugs using a shadowy realm of the internet.
At a Department of Justice news conference Tuesday in Washington, officials said they arrested 150 people for allegedly selling illicit drugs, including fake prescription opioids and cocaine, over the so-called darknet. Those charged are alleged to have carried out tens of thousands of illegal sales using a part of the internet that is accessible only by using specialized anonymity tools.
The 10-month dragnet called "Operation HunTor" — named after encrypted internet tools — resulted in the seizure of 234 kilograms of drugs, including amphetamines, cocaine and opioids worth more than $31 million. Officials said many of the confiscated drugs were fake prescription pills laced with the powerful synthetic opioid fentanyl. The counterfeit tablets are linked to a wave of drug overdoses.
"This international law enforcement operation spanned across three continents and sends one clear message to those hiding on the darknet peddling illegal drugs: there is no dark internet," said U.S. Deputy Attorney General Lisa Monaco.
Deputy Attorney General Lisa Monaco speaks during a news at the Department of Justice in Washington, Oct. 26, 2021. Photo credit: VOA
Investigators rounded up and arrested 65 people in the United States. Other arrests occurred in Australia, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. In addition to counterfeit medicine, authorities also confiscated more than 200,000 ecstasy, fentanyl, oxycodone, hydrocodone, and methamphetamine pills.
"We face new and increasingly dangerous threats as drug traffickers expand into the digital world and use the darknet to sell dangerous drugs like fentanyl and methamphetamine," said Anne Milgram, administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). "We cannot stress enough the danger of these substances."
The international police agency Europol worked alongside the U.S. Justice Department's Joint Criminal Opioid and Darknet Enforcement team.
"No one is beyond the reach of the law, even on the dark web," said Jean-Philippe Lecouffe, Europol's deputy executive director.
The dark web is preferred by criminal networks who want to keep their internet activities private and anonymous. In this case, it served as a platform for illegal cyber sales of counterfeit medication and other drugs that were delivered by private shipping companies.
Investigators said the fake drugs are primarily made in laboratories in Mexico using chemicals imported from China. Prosecutors also targeted drug dealers who operated home labs to manufacture fake prescription pain pills.
FBI Deputy Director Paul Abbate, second from left, speaks during a news conference at the Department of Justice in Washington, Oct. 26, 2021. Photo credit: VOA
"Those purchasing drugs through the darknet often don't know what they're getting," Associate Deputy FBI Director Paul Abbate said. The joint investigation followed enforcement efforts in January in which authorities shut down "DarkMarket," the world's largest illegal international marketplace on the dark web.
Last month, the DEA warned Americans that international and domestic drug dealers were flooding the country with fake pills, driving the U.S. overdose crisis. The agency confiscated more the 9.5 million potentially lethal pills in the last year.
More than 93,000 Americans died from drug overdoses in 2020, the highest number on record, according the U.S. Centers for Disease Control. U.S. health officials attribute the rise to the use of fentanyl, which can be 100 times more potent than morphine.
U.S. officials said investigations are continuing and more arrests are expected. (VOA/RN)
(This article is originally wriiten by Chris Simkins)
Keywords: Drug Vendors, Investigation, DEA, Illegal purchase, Police Operation, Internet
Facebook-owned WhatsApp may soon ask users to verify their identity to make payments on the platform. According to XDA Developers, new strings spotted in the latest WhatsApp beta release suggest that the messenger will require users to upload verification documents to continue using payments on WhatsApp. Currently, when users set up WhatsApp Pay in India, the service only verifies the phone number linked to your bank account to enable UPI-based transactions. In Brazil, the messenger uses Facebook Pay to validate users' credit or debit cards to facilitate payments.
At the moment, the service doesn't require users to submit any identity verification documents to make payments. However, that might change soon, the report said. WhatsApp v126.96.36.199 beta includes a few new strings which suggest that users might have to submit identity verification documents to continue using payments.
The identity verification might be limited to those who use WhatsApp Pay to receive payments for their businesses. UPI-based apps, like Google Pay, PhonePe and even WhatsApp Pay don't require users to submit any documents to transfer or receive money. However, wallet apps like PayTM do ask for KYC verification as per RBI guidelines.
WhatsApp is yet to make an official announcement regarding this change. Since the new strings have just made their way to the beta version, it might be a while before the company reveals any details, the report said. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: WhatsApp, UPI, payments, verify, identity, documents
By Rajesh U. Pandya
Although the world is recovering from coronavirus pandemic, we must not lower our guards and stay alert when it comes to hand hygiene to curb the spread of the deadly virus. But are we paying sufficient attention to our nail hygiene? Our nails are the index of well-being for our entire body. The manifestations of several critical diseases were first detected within the dirty nails.
The ignorance towards our nails becomes the breeding ground of harmful bacteria. These germs enter our body through our hands because in India we eat through our bare hands. Therefore, nail hygiene is crucial and without it hand hygiene is incomplete.
Practising good nail hygiene involves following a systematic process to ensure the longevity of our nail health. It includes ensuring that food particles, dirt and dust are not sticking to our nails and there is no build-up of nail bacteria. Thankfully, contrary to popular belief, it is not that difficult to maintain good nail hygiene. A little diligence, awareness and attention are sufficient to keep our nails healthy.
Avoiding nail hygiene makes you prone to viral infections
Due to constant negligence towards the cleanliness of the nails, many serious issues like bacterial and viral infections arise. Often these lead to serious health problems. Our hand hygiene is not perfect till the time we clean the undersides of our nails besides washing hands regularly. Most people don't mind sharing nail clippers with others. This is however an extremely unhygienic practice. When we don't share any of our personal hygiene products then why do we share our nail clippers? Nails harbour abundant germs, bacteria and viruses and sharing nail clippers is equivalent to exchanging those microorganisms.
Nails harbour abundant germs, bacteria and viruses and sharing nail clippers is equivalent to exchanging those microorganisms.| Photo by CDC on Unsplash
Keep fingernails dry and clean
It prevents bacterial and fungal infections from growing under our nails. It has been observed that prolonged exposure to water can break nails. It is always recommended to wear cotton-lined rubber gloves when washing dishes, cleaning or using harsh chemicals. In order to follow good nail hygiene, we have to be careful about our nail care products. Use a sharp stainless-steel nail clipper with a grime remover, that can remove the hidden germs and grime below the nails. Trim nails straight, then round the tips into a gentle curve. Always wash hands and under nails with soap and water after a nail clipping session.
Always wash hands and under nails with soap and water after a nail clipping session. Photo by rashid khreiss on Unsplash
Keep hands and nails moisturized to avoid the cuticles from overgrowing. Frequent use of nail paint remover, hand sanitisers and harsh soaps can result in the dryness of cuticles along with nails. Keep nails short, trim them regularly and wash hands for at least 20 seconds and then moisturize them, This will make the chance of diseases slimmer and can prevent any kind of viruses. KAI India nail clipper comes with unique features like 100 per cent stainless steel, nail filer, grime remover, nail tray and non-chromium coating making them safe and most effective for maintaining proper nail hygiene.
Here are some of the more ways through which we can keep our nail hygiene intact, thereby protecting it from the damage to nails:
* Stay away from chewing fingernails: It has the potential of damaging the nail bed as a minor cut can cause infection. Moreover, when we bite our nails, germs enter our mouths directly.
* Be gentle towards hangnails: Never pull off your hangnails. Rather, be gentle towards them and carefully clip them off. Stop using those products which are harsh on nails. Always go for acetone-free products.
* Go for a regular nail checkup: If you have a persistent nail problem, consult a doctor or dermatologist for an evaluation.
* Do not share: Try not to share your nail clipper, as they contain germs. Wash the nail clipper with lukewarm water and wipe with a soft cloth. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Nails, hygiene, covid, clipper, products, infections