Cheating in the examination in various cities of Bihar is being projected as a breaking news during the last couple of days. This subject was debated in one of the main stream media and debaters were the usual “leaders” of political parties. What is interesting to watch is the politicians claiming that the problem appeared during their opponents administration and that efficient policing is what they think is the solution. Cheating in exam is nothing new. It always existed both during pre and post-independence period.
During the middle ages when India’s contribution to the world GDP was above 23%, India reportedly had as many as fifteen thousand institutes of higher technical education that attracted overseas students. Then from 1800 AD- Macaulay type education system was introduced to “Delink Indian from India” that fits the need of colonial masters which is continuing to this day.
News item being reported today is just a byproduct of that education system. Any civilized society with sense of culture would admit that contents and system of education in a given nation shapes and conditions human resource which in turn determines the role of a nation in the world. Cheating in the test is just a symptom. The disease is the low grade, uncultured, semi-illiterate leadership to whom the country and the nation is a means of amassing personal fortune.
(The writer is the President & CEO of Saint James School of Medicine in Illinois)
India on April 1 will launch an electronic intelligence satellite Emisat for the Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) along with 28 third party satellites and also demonstrate its new technologies like three different orbits with a new variant of PSLV rocket, ISRO said on Saturday.
According to Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), a new variant of its Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket will first put the 436 kg Emisat into a 749 km orbit.
After that, the rocket will be brought down to put into orbit the 28 satellites at an altitude of 504 km.
This will be followed by bringing the rocket down further to 485 km when the fourth stage/engine will turn into a payload platform carrying three experimental payloads: (a) Automatic Identification System (AIS) from ISRO for Maritime satellite applications capturing messages transmitted from ships (b) Automatic Packet Repeating System (APRS) from AMSAT (Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation), India – to assist amateur radio operators in tracking and monitoring position data and (c) Advanced Retarding Potential Analyser for Ionospheric Studies (ARIS) from Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) – for the structural and compositional studies of ionosphere, the space agency said.
The whole flight sequence will take about 180 minutes from the rocket’s lift off slated at 9.30 a.m. on April 1.
The 28 international customer satellites (24 from US, 2 from Lithuania and one each from Spain and Switzerland)- will weigh about 220 kg.
“It is a special mission for us. We will be using a PSLV rocket with four strap-on motors. Further, for the first time we will be trying to orbit the rocket at three different altitudes,” ISRO Chairman K. Sivan had earlier told IANS.
The PSLV is a four-stage engine expendable rocket with alternating solid and liquid fuel.
In its normal configuration, the rocket will have six strap-on motors hugging the rocket’s first stage.
On January 24, the ISRO flew a PSLV with two strap-on motors while in March, it had four strap-on motors.
The Indian space agency also has two more PSLV variants, viz Core Alone (without any strap-on motors) and the larger PSLV-XL.