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Boko Haram: why world is silent on this Jihadi organization?

Boko Haram is an Islamist terrorist organization that is wrecking havoc in Nigeria.

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Logo of Boko Haram. Wikimedia Commons

Shruti Pandey

Name of the Jihadi organization: Boko Haram

Year of inception: 2002

Main area where operational: Nigeria, Africa

In the world of terrorism, Boko Haram isn’t just another name; it’s a ruthless phenomenon that has affected the lives of over 3 million people since its inception. In the name of religion, this Jihadi organization has killed people, abducted and raped women and forced schools to close down.

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons

The savagery started in 2002 to oppose the “western education” and it was named Boko Haram that loosely translates to ‘fake is forbidden’ (where fake is metaphorical as the western education). While the official name of the group is “Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad” that translates to “people committed to the propagation of the Prophet’s teaching and Jihad” in Arabic.

They are mainly functional in the Africa’s biggest economy- Nigeria, owing to the religious and economic bifurcation between the northern and southern provinces of Nigeria. The southern Nigeria is economically stern, educationally advanced, has all the major oil reserves and is dominated by Christians, while the northern Nigeria is Muslim domination and is economically as well as socially backward.

Nigerian Army fighting Boko Haram. Wikimedia Commons
Nigerian Army fighting Boko Haram. Wikimedia Commons

The group started emerging in 2002 and a group of Islamists started to gather in remote areas of Kanamma and they were involved in skirmishes with the Nigerian government’s officials. They were being guided by a young and charismatic preacher whose name was Mohammed Yusuf. He is often blamed of actuating the youth to turn violent but he negated them all saying he was simply preaching them Quran. His ideology was that the colonization of Nigeria by British had brought western way of life and it posed some serious threat to the Islamic beliefs and sentiments.

Yusuf established his own mosque in the city of Maiduguri. Their first uprising came in 2009 when a group of officials locked horns with Boko Haram in Maiduguri. In the encounter, 17 Boko Haram members were severely wounded and Yusuf ordered the members to attack the police stations and involve in gun battles with the security forces. Fighting the battle, Yusuf was caught by the forces and eventually shot dead.

After killing Yusuf, the military forces declared Boko Haram finished and the group went on a hiatus for more than a year but they terrorized Nigeria again under a new leader Abubakar Shekau who was next to Yusuf in the group. They continued small altercations, bombing in parts of Nigeria until August 2011 when they placed a suicide bomb outside UN headquarter based in Abuja that killed at least 24 people.

Boko Haram started the attacks on schools in early 2013 to show their disregard to the western education. They raised brows of people across the world when they abducted around 276 school girls aged between 16-18 years out of which 219 still remain missing. For ushering awareness about the incident and in attempts to rehabilitate the girls, an international campaign was organized on various social medias- “Bring back our girls” that gained ample of momentum to recover the kidnapped girls.

 

Not only this, Amnesty International estimates that more than 2000 girls have been abducted by Boko Haram since 2014 maximum of which have been forced to venture into sex slavery.

In 2014, the head of Boko Haram declared caliphate in the entire region under Boko Haram’s control and announced Gwoza as its seat of power. Boko Haram were allegedly approached by ISIS and Al-Qaeda for a strategic tie-up but Shekau chose to shake hands with ISIS and the all the regions under the control of Boko Haram have been named as Islamic State of West Africa Province as a part of global caliphate that ISIS is trying to establish.

They have been recruiting highly skilled warrior forces that are equally good with ammunitions as they are with bombings. CIA approximates their number to be around 4000.

Shruti Pandey is a third year engineering student in HBTI, Kanpur and aspires to bring a change through words. Twitter @srt_kaka

 

 

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What Is So Special About the African Jungle Safari?

Once you are in the middle of several wild animals experiencing an African jungle safari, you'll know why they call this a once-in-a-lifetime experience

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There are specific areas in Africa where you can take an African jungle Safari and view a natural ecosystem that is constantly in motion. Pixabay

It’s not surprising that Africa is one of the top spots to travel to when you want to experience something unusual in your life as it is known for its large mammals and massive bird population. By visiting the continent, you can experience breathtaking views of wild animals in their natural environment. Whether you’re traveling by night, on a walking African jungle safari or viewing the area by plane, you’ll probably feel like this is a once-in-a-lifetime experience after visiting certain areas of Africa.

What Is Special About an African Jungle Safari?

There are specific areas in Africa where you can take an African jungle Safari and view a natural ecosystem that is constantly in motion. You can see animals that range from elephants and giraffes to lions and zebra. Certain areas offer a viewpoint of amazing wildlife throughout the year with certain times highlighting special events such as the annual wildebeest migration where close to 1.5 million wildebeest, 300,000 gazelles and 200,000 zebra trek across the dusty plains in search of greener pastures.

Get in Touch With Nature

Going on an African jungle safari allows you to get in touch with nature. You can hear hyenas cackling as they look for food or watch elephants trample across trails that are hundreds of years old. You’ll also see rhinos, hippos and cheetahs sitting in the sun or refreshing themselves in one of the flowing rivers. Not mention, there is magnificent scenery to see just about everywhere.

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During Safari, You can see animals that range from elephants and giraffes to lions and zebra. Certain areas offer a viewpoint of amazing wildlife throughout the year with certain times highlighting special events. Pixabay

Wide Range of Accommodations Are Available

If you’re looking for a place to stay when you visit Africa, you’ll find everything from luxury lodges to public campsites. The Central Serengeti region hosts the largest variety of accommodations to choose from. It’s important to book your accommodations well in advance of your trip, especially if you’re going to be traveling during peak season. If you decide to stay in public campsites, you usually won’t need to make a reservation in advance. The cost for these campsites typically ranges between about $30-$50 for an adult, but if you’re on your trip and run short of cash, you can have a relative or friend send money to Africa to tide you over during your trip.

ALSO READ: Here are 4 Travel Destinations for Couples

Once in a Lifetime Experience

Once you are in the middle of several wild animals experiencing an African jungle safari, you’ll know why they call this a once-in-a-lifetime experience. At any given time you might see giraffes loping along or monkeys shuffling around in trees. If you get a chance, try and go when The Great Migration is occurring as it can be a truly spectacular sight to see. When it’s the wet season in the Serengeti, the animals will be traveling towards the south, which is from December to June. After temperatures rise and dry out the area, the migration will move towards greener pastures. Most African jungle Safari guides will know where the animals are located. It’s also possible to travel through the area and see the animals by driving your own vehicle.