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Bollywood Films That Focus on Patriotism and Nationalism

From patriotism to nationalism, all that bollywood has focused on

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Bollywood patriotism
During the 1940s, the freedom struggle reached its peak and, as an alternate way to build up on patriotism and promote the freedom movement, films were used as a medium to promote these fervour. Pixabay

BY VINOD MIRANI

When the bollywood film industry started in India, the best and the safest theme to draw audience was to make mythological films or films with a religious story to tell. Dada Saheb Phalke, the founder of the film industry in India, made his first film, “Raja Harishchandra”. The first Indian talkie film, “Alam Ara”, also dealt with a religious theme.

While the religious/mythological films held sway as it had a captive audience that was familiar with the stories told on screen, the narrative soon shifted to family socials. That again was a subject everybody identified with in the joint family era.

During the 1940s, the freedom struggle reached its peak and, as an alternate way to build up on patriotism and promote the freedom movement, films were used as a medium to promote these fervour.

The censoring of bollywood films was rather strict, and the patriotically fired up filmmakers had to take recourse to surrogate promotion of patriotism. Patriotism was the flavour, all pervading and all over India. And, we had some great films promoting patriotism.

This mood lived on till, say, the end of the 1950s. It waned gradually all over except on the streets of the cities. Every August 14 and January 25 — on the eve of Independence Day and Republic Day, respectively — patriotism blurted out of microphones on the streets of every city and town.

Bollywood patriotism
Swades is a well known film for its theme based on patriotism. Wikimedia Commons

As the films gave up on patriotism, so did the street celebrators. Patriotism took a break from films and, hence, also from public life. This was till it was revived momentarily following the 1965 war with Pakistan, and the ensuing Indian victory that revived patriotism in films, but only briefly.

Since the wars of 1948 and 1962, India had, for the first time, outcomes that were emphatically in the nation’s favour. Taking cue from the slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’, coined by the then Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri, Manoj Kumar scripted a perfect film, “Upkar”.

Dara Singh, the wrestler-actor, and some others were also inspired to follow patriotism as the theme. But, patriotism in India and, hence, in Hindi films, seems to be a seasonal trend.

After the 1962 India-China war, the feeling was that of delusion. India was humiliated and the limited patriotism that followed was that of self-pity. So, what we had in the aftermath was the depiction of how a badly ill-equipped India lost in the war in the film “Haqeeqat” and the song “Aye Mere Watan Ke Logon” rendered live by Lata Mangeshkar. None of the two were inspiring for the masses.

Today, people even feel that the song should not be played anymore because it has a depressing narrative about a losing nation.

“Haqeeqat” failed despite entertainment exemptions from various state governments. Its music lived, not the film. Another attempt by the director with “Hindustan Ki Kasam” also did not work.

Patriotism resurfaced one again post the Kargil operation. Producer-director J.P. Dutta, who has this bend towards war films (his brother was an Air Force pilot who died in action), directed “LOC: Kargil”, immediately after India regained the peak.

The film was screened for the leading financiers and diamond merchants of Mumbai along with other trade leaders a few days before its theatrical release. It was unanimously declared a boring dud. May be, their observations were on the merit of the film, but they failed to read the national mood. The film emerged as a hit.

As mentioned earlier, patriotism is a seasonal trend in India. Because, after its first run, when “LOC” was released in cinemas as a gap filler (when a cinema hall has no new film listed, an old hit is repeated as a gap filler), it could not even recover the theatre rental. Dutta followed up with some more patriotic films, but to no avail.

Over a period of time, a lot many patriotic films have been made like “Jeevan Sangram”, “Saat Hindustani”, “Shaheed”, “Vijeta”, “Border”, “LOC: Kargil”, “Swades”, and “Mangal Pandey”.

Bollywood patriotism
Mission Mangal is an event-based film that revolves around patriotism and nationalism. Wikimedia Commons

People were not quite aroused and remained indifferent to most of these films. The one hit was “Shaheed” after which the man behind this film, Manoj Kumar, established himself as the best filmmaker of patriotic films as he followed it up with movies like “Upkar”, “Purab Aur Paschim” and “Kranti”, after which his expertise stopped working.

Things have changed. Patriotism has now broadened its scope and is described as nationalism. And, this seems to be in tune with the people’s state of mind. We have had a line-up of films in recent years that promote nationalism and many of them met with a favourable response. There are films that are event based. These are: “A Wednesday!”, “Airlift”, “Uri: The Surgical Strike”, ” Mission Mangal”, “Parmanu: The Story Of Pokhran”, “Raazi”, “Manikarnika: The Queen Of Jhansi”, “The Ghazi Attack” and, this year’s biggest hit so far, “Tanhaji: The Unsung Warrior”.

In fact, one of last year’s biggest hits also happens to be one such film, “Uri: The Surgical Strike”. Another way to inspire nationalism is through films that make the nation proud. These are films like “Dangal”, “Gold”, “Dhoni: The Untold Story”, “D Day”, “Rang De Basanti”, “Padmaavat”, “Mary Kom”, “Kesari”, “Bajrangi Bhaijaan”, “Ek Tha Tiger”, “Super 30” with many more in the offing.

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As they say, reel life is a reflection of real life. Post-Independence, all kinds of films were made, and romance and family socials with music worked well till early 1960s. During the mid ’70s, the trend was of anti-establishment films. This was followed by a period of uncertainty when nobody knew what will work. Only making romantic musicals was considered safe.

But the decade that just got over has rekindled the spirit of nationalism. It is all about how the nation is made to feel. (IANS)

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Lucid Ways Through Which Cinema Puts an impact on Your Life

In this article, you may find some simple ways in which cinematic art puts a strong impact on your life and on society as a whole

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Cinema
Cinema is in itself an Immense power, a power that has even caused revolutions. Pixabay

By Kashish Rai

Cinema is the greatest mirror for humanity’s struggle. You see this alternative world, but You’re a part of it. Everybody’s part of it…

 Honestly, it doesn’t matter if you are an avid lover of cinema or not, in some way or the other~ you have Laughed and cried along with films! Films in their own way can really have a strong impact on our lives. The comedies make us laugh, intriguing Thrillers can make us look at the world from a different perspective, Romantic ones can take us to a different world which will make us want to fall in love with someone, Tragedies can make us move and cry, and then obviously; Historical films may help us to Understand from where we all have eventuated as credible beings!

Every Movie in a sense helps you to form, transform your opinions and teach you something about your society.

 In this article, you may find some simple ways in which cinematic art puts a strong impact on your life and on society as a whole.

1. GREAT MOVIES ALWAYS GIVE YOU INSPIRATION!

The sole purpose of a movie is not merely entertainment, sometimes along with providing Entertainment it educates and motivates the audience in numerous ways. Films can make you think! Films can make you empathetic! They can make you feel Alive! Have you Ever looked at a Romantic movie and thought why Love is so important in some peoples’ lives and why is it worth fighting for? Some films can help you look at your own flaws, consequently helping you to Understand those around you more.

If you love films then You’ll know there is’nt one but many films in a row that would make you rise up every morning and look at this world with unfettered hope and optimism.

Pyaasa (1957), Anand (1971), Swades (2004), 3 idiots (2009), Dear Zindagi (2016) are some examples of Bollywood films that can move your heart.

Whereas some Hollywood films like The Pursuit of Happiness (2006), Bucket List (2007) have also inspired the audience to make our society a better place.

 2. MOVIES SPREAD AWARENESS ON CRUCIAL ISSUES

We live in a society where nothing perfect exists. This society needs a mirror, and the mirror is “Cinema”. Films play a pivotal role in spreading awareness on various sensitive topics that no one talks about and maybe do not want to talk about. Cinema has the Power to make us feel responsible and empathetic towards certain things which need strong attention.

Films like Peepli Live (2010), Jolly LLB 1,2 (2013, 2017)  Hindi Medium (2017), Toilet: ek Prem Katha (2017), Padman (2018), Article 15 (2019) are some moving celluloids that may grab your attention and give you a reality check alongside giving strong Social Messages.

3. MOVIES DEPICT AND SHAPE CULTURE

Movies often show what we believe in and how together we coexist as human beings. Movies have this power to reflect our concern, attitude, weaknesses, flaws and strengths. People from all around the world are able to watch films and Understand the cultures of various countries and communities. Movies can make you feel united with the world despite being diverse.

More so, when it comes to shaping culture, films have been shaping our values and beliefs since long. The way we dress, the way we want to look or maybe behave is Sometimes because of all what we see in movies!

Film, Projector, Movie Projector, Cinema, Demonstration
Cinema has the Power to make us feel responsible and empathetic towards certain things which need strong attention. Pixabay

At the very least, films solidify selected cultural beliefs and render some redundant.

4. MOVIES TEACH YOU THE IMPORTANCE OF TRANSITION

Film industry has produced many films that are Fact-Based. Even some of the films which are non-fictional~ in some way or the other they have always depicted the realistic picture of how the world was before and how it has changed with transition with the introduction of Technological developments in the contemporary scenario.

 Films can make you Understand all the positives and negatives existing in the world. They give you a clear picture of “how far you have come and how long you still have to go.”

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“I regard the Cinema as the greatest of all art forms, the most immediate way in which a human being can share with another the sense of what it is to be a human being..”

~ Oscar Wilde

 Conclusion:

Cinema without a doubt is very impactful in the contemporary world scenario. It has more Positives than the negative. It should be our responsibility to pick up the right content as the right audience. Cinema is in itself an Immense power, a power that has even caused revolutions. Let us feel Positive about it, and let us keep cherishing it throught our lives!