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Screenshot via Instagram handle @niskanagpal

By Muskan Bhatnagar

They say the environment is not safe for women outside these days. My question is, are they safe in the virtual world of social media? Are they safe inside their homes, just using their mobile phones? The answer is a complete NO, it seems. The debates seem to be endless on such topics but, real or virtual doesn’t matter, women can’t feel safe has to be a fact. Online harassment and cyberbullying seem to be a major threat to women. And the number of cases tends to increase each day.

Women account for only 30% of social media users, out of which 41% of women have faced online harassment according to a survey conducted in 2017.

With this, let’s bring in light the recent horrifying case of Delhi schoolboys glorifying Gang rape in a chat group named “boy’s locker room”.

The incident revolves around a group of teenage boys who made a chat group on social media platforms like Instagram and Snapchat and allegedly used it to share pictures of underaged girls, pass lewd comments on their body, objectify them and plan to ‘gang rape’ them. The group of boys was busted when a south Delhi girl shared a screenshot of the chat group on twitter.

“A group of south Delhi guys aged 17-18 types have this Instagram group chat named ‘boy’s locker room’ where they shit on, objectify and morph pictures of girls their age. 2 boys from my school are a part of it. MY FRIENDS AND I ARE FREAKING OUT THIS IS SO EWWW AND NOW MY MOM WANTS ME TO QUIT IG (sic),” the Twitter user wrote as she busted the boys.

The incident has taken the internet by storm and is getting a high amount of coverage as many teenagers have identified the perpetrators as their classmates and known. Users demand police action against the boys who passed offensive comments. Many stories are circulating around the internet about the incident.

Screenshot via Instagram handle @niskanagpal

Most of the boys involved in the shameful incident belong to the age category of 15 to 18 years and study in well-known schools of Delhi. Then why is it so that boys who aren’t even adults yet are passing such derogatory remarks on women? Is it the lack of sex education? Or excessive privilege is given to teenagers? Is this the freedom of speech and expression we talk about? Or the inessential accessibility to social media and the internet?

The women seem to be furious and disgusted with the act but not many seem to be shocked. The reason being that the rape culture and objectification of women is getting so prevalent in the society that it has normalized within our mindsets. Women seem to have accepted that this mentality persists in society as such cases are coming in light almost every day. Women always tend to take a stand for themselves, fight for their dignity but it’s been years and they haven’t received anything for that matter.

Each time a girl or a woman takes a stand for herself, there’s a constant fear in the back of her mind. Fear of being threatened, fear of being followed, fear of being a victim, and whatnot. Taking a stand for yourself in a world where it is so easy for minor boys to ‘plan a gang rape’ of a girl is a difficult task.

There may be hundreds of women who might quit social media or remove their pictures from their social media handles after this episode.

Read More: Don’t Lose Hope But Use This Time to Find Inspiration and Design: Anita Dongre

This incident is an objectification of women, especially and unfortunately underaged girls, and shows the male toxicity prevalent in society for ages. Still, we come across people who rather than talking about the cause, are speaking for and against the people involved, and are arguing within themselves on social media. Some taking stands for perpetrators, some talking against the victims, some glorifying the accounts of the people who brought the incident in light.

Well, it’s not about questioning the ‘Inactive members of the group’ or the ‘Past of the victims’ anymore. It’s totally and completely about the rape mindset which has been rooted in the minds of underaged boys, which can be a threat to society. It’s about taking a stand for women and speaking for the cause. It’s about being able to make a change in society and the mindset which we have been failing to change for years. It’s about the audacity of underaged boys to freely plan a gang rape of a girl and their audacity to pass lewd comments on females with no regrets.

This has to be one of the most shameful incidents of cybercrime as both the victims as well as the perpetrators are underaged.


Photo by Wikimedia Commons

An international team of astronomers has identified 366 new exoplanets

An international team of astronomers has identified 366 new exoplanets, using data from the NASA Kepler Space Telescope's K2 mission.

The findings, described in a paper published in the Astronomical Journal, showed a planetary system that comprises a star and at least two gas giant planets, each roughly the size of Saturn and located unusually close to one another.

The discovery is significant because it's rare to find gas giants -- like Saturn in the solar system -- as close to their host star as they were in this case.

The researchers cannot yet explain why it occurred there, but it makes the finding especially useful because it could help scientists form a more accurate understanding of the parameters for how planets and planetary systems develop.

"The discovery of each new world provides a unique glimpse into the physics that play a role in planet formation," said lead author Jon Zink, a UCLA postdoctoral scholar.

The findings could be a significant step toward helping astronomers understand which types of stars are most likely to have planets orbiting them and what that indicates about the building blocks needed for successful planet formation, acoording to the study.

"We need to look at a wide range of stars, not just ones like our sun, to understand that," Zink said.

The term "exoplanets" is used to describe planets outside of the solar system. The number of exoplanets that have been identified by astronomers numbers fewer than 5,000 in all, so the identification of hundreds of new ones is a significant advance.

Kepler's original mission came to an unexpected end in 2013 when a mechanical failure left the spacecraft unable to precisely point at the patch of sky it had been observing for years.

But astronomers repurposed the telescope for a new mission known as K2, whose objective is to identify exoplanets near distant stars. Data from K2 is helping scientists understand how stars' location in the galaxy influences what kind of planets are able to form around them. (IANS/JB)


In the Indian atomic energy sector, the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)

By Venkatachari Jagannathan

Officials of the Indian space sector, both serving and retired, are of the view that the space sector's organisational structure is expected to mirror that of India's atomic energy sector.

They also said that senior officials of the Indian space agency should address the employees on what is happening in the sector and how it will pan out so that uncertainty and confusion are addressed.

In the Indian atomic energy sector, the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) is at the top, the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) is the sectoral regulator while the Nuclear Power Corporation of India (NPCIL), the Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Ltd (both power companies), the Uranium Corporation of India Ltd, the Electronics Corporation of India Ltd, and IREL (India) Ltd are public sector units (PSU).

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The Bhabha Atomic Energy Centre (BARC), Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) are the premier research and development (R&D) organizations and there are several DAE-aided organizations.

While the DAE is headed by a Secretary (normally from the R&D units) who is also the head of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), the R&D centres and PSUs are headed by different persons.

Similarly, the government that has started the space sector reforms seems to be replicating the atomic energy model, several officials told IANS.

"The Central government's moves in the space sector seems to replicate the atomic energy model," an official told IANS.

Currently, the Department of Space (DOS) is at the top and below that, comes the private sector space regulator Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe), the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) with various R&D-cum-production (rockets, satellites and others) units.

The sector has two PSUs - Antrix Corporation Ltd and NewSpace India Ltd.

Unlike the atomic energy sector, the Secretary of the DOS and Chairman of the Space Commission is also the Chairman of the ISRO.

As part of the space sector reform measures, the government has set up IN-SPACe as a regulator for the private sector players.

"Ultimately there will be only one sectoral regulator. There cannot be two regulators - one for the private sector and other for the public sector. Who will be the regulator if there is a company that is floated in public-private partnership," an official asked.

"It is good that there is a separate sectoral regulator outside of the DOS and the ISRO," an official said.

The recently-formed PSU NewSpace India has been mandated to build, own satellites, rockets and also provide space based services and transfer ISRO-developed technologies to others.

ISRO Chairman and Secretary DOS K.Sivan has been saying that ISRO will focus on high end research.

As a result, the positions of Secretary, DOS and Chairman, ISRO may not be held by the same person.

"Looking forward, there are possibilities of the government coming out with a voluntary retirement scheme for ISRO officials and merging its various production centres with NewSpace to synergise its operations," a former senior official of ISRO told IANS.

"But there is one issue in this proposition. For ISRO, the production centres are also its R&D centre. Both production and R&D are interwoven. One has to see how both will be separated to be housed under ISRO and NewSpace India."

Meanwhile, the minds of ISRO officials are filled with uncertainty and confusion about their future which is linked to that of their organization.

ISRO Staff Association General Secretary G.R.Pramod had told IANS that there is "uncertainty all around about the future of about 17,300 employees of ISRO".

"The ISRO top management that includes the Chairman and the Heads of various centres should come out openly and address the employee concerns at the earliest," an official added.

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The micro-blogging platform already covers explicit instances of abusive behaviour

Twitter has announced to ban sharing of private media, such as photos and videos, without permission from the individuals that are shown in those images.

The micro-blogging platform already covers explicit instances of abusive behaviour under its policies, the expansion of the policy will allow the platform to take action on media that is shared without any explicit abusive content, provided it's posted without the consent of the person depicted.

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"Sharing personal media, such as images or videos, can potentially violate a person's privacy, and may lead to emotional or physical harm," Twitter said in a blog post late on Tuesday.

"The misuse of private media can affect everyone, but can have a disproportionate effect on women, activists, dissidents, and members of minority communities. When we receive a report that a Tweet contains unauthorised private media, we will now take action in line with our range of enforcement options," the company informed.

Under the existing policy, publishing other people's private information, such as phone numbers, addresses, and IDs, is already not allowed on Twitter.

This includes threatening to expose private information or incentivising others to do so.

"There are growing concerns about the misuse of media and information that is not available elsewhere online as a tool to harass, intimidate, and reveal the identities of individuals," Twitter said.

When Twitter is notified by individuals depicted, or by an authorised representative, that they did not consent to having their private image or video shared, it removes it.

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