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Brain Drain: India needs to Empower its Educational Institutions

With a a pay scale ranging between 5000 and 15,000, it is not surprising that the teaching profession is no longer attracting the best talent.

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Indian school children in Mizoram Image Source: Wikipedia Commons
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  • Each year, at least 125,000 students go out leading to an outflow of ₹200,000 crore annually
  • While those in the big private schools are well paid, the teachers in most of the private schools get a pay scale ranging between 5000 and 15,000
  • The only way to control the spiraling cost of education is to create good state supply at a cheaper cost

Many well-to-do families send their kids abroad for higher education as they feel Indian educational institutions lack infrastructure and scope for better education. These children go abroad and spend almost Rs 1.5 crore for an undergraduate course. According to a survey, each year, at least 125,000 students go out leading to an outflow of ₹200,000 crore annually and with each passing year numbers are rising.

As a result, the best of Indian minds do get access to the good educational facilities in India and as they result, either they struggle to make their way to a foreign university or their lives are doomed due to lack of financial support. When looked at on a broader prospect, this has resulted in brain drain, in true sense of the term.

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Except for Supreme court that is working to bring a transparent system, Government officials are not showing active involvement to counter the drawbacks of India’s education system. The trend of accepting ‘donations’ by Government Institutions is so rampant, they it fails to focus on the quality education. ‘Bribe’ in the form of ‘donation’ are forced on the students, once they make their way to these institutes.

According to the 2014 educational statistics report from the Ministry of Human Resource, the number of schools in the country at 14,25,564. The pupil to teacher ratio at the primary level is 28 while at the senior secondary level is 40. And 43% of school teachers in India are now working under privately managed schools. That’s about 4.2 million teachers, of which 3.1 million teach in elementary schools.

The government school teachers get pay scales ranging between Rs 20,000 to Rs 40,000 per month depending on their level of qualification and experience and get additional hikes and pension plans after each government re-election, while most of the private school teachers suffer due to underpay.

Apart from few Big private schools that pay their teachers well, most of the teachers in private schools get a mere payscale ranging between 5000 and 15,000. Hence, it is not surprising that the teaching profession is no longer attracting the best talent. Here, what India needs to know is that there is a difference between buying teachers and bringing good teachers to a institution.

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People have the notion that teaching is a “noble-profession” and education being “non- profit”. This has cost us dearly with the loss of beautiful minds and will continue to hurt us in our global ambitions. The government must empower institutions and let them compete in the market. The good ones will survive and the bad ones will die, and that is a good result.

There are not more than 20,000 students travelling to India to study here. Most of these students are from South Asia and Africa, driven primarily by grants based on agreements between the two governments.

Main Building of IIT Kharagpur Image Source: Wikipedia Commons

“The IITs have been funded, subsidized, given land and buildings and still charge almost ₹8 lakh for four years, much more than the fees fixed by the empowered fees fixation committee (at times it is as low as ₹32,000 per year). The IIMs, fully funded, subsidized with zero cost of infrastructure and capital creation charge upwards of ₹15 lakh, while states impose a fees cap of around ₹2 lakh for an MBA. The real cost per student for an IIM is upwards of ₹1 crore. Ever wonder why education is so bad? The only way to control the spiraling cost of education is to create good state supply at a cheaper cost. They should act as a correcting force and a deterrent through market forces.”, says Mahesh Peri of the Huffington Post.

-This article is compiled by a staff-writer at NewsGram.

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  • AJ Krish

    India should level up on the standard of educational institutions and provide better facilities to keep India’s youth within the country. Quality education in one’s motherland, who would say no to that?

  • Aparna Gupta

    This is true. If we want to strengthen our education system, we need to make some changes in it otherwise it will be quite impossible to urge the students to study in India.

  • Aayush Anand

    Brain drain is as much a statistical issue as it is psychological. Teaching is looked down here as a profession not of first choice but last. This leads to uninterested individuals taking the blackboard and spoiling the subject for students by teaching in a non passionate and uninteresting fashion. Its also the reason of such small number of students pursuing research in India.

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Empowering the educational institutes is one of the best ways to empower the children because schools are like the 2nd homes for kids. There should be ways to bring about changes

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  • AJ Krish

    India should level up on the standard of educational institutions and provide better facilities to keep India’s youth within the country. Quality education in one’s motherland, who would say no to that?

  • Aparna Gupta

    This is true. If we want to strengthen our education system, we need to make some changes in it otherwise it will be quite impossible to urge the students to study in India.

  • Aayush Anand

    Brain drain is as much a statistical issue as it is psychological. Teaching is looked down here as a profession not of first choice but last. This leads to uninterested individuals taking the blackboard and spoiling the subject for students by teaching in a non passionate and uninteresting fashion. Its also the reason of such small number of students pursuing research in India.

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Empowering the educational institutes is one of the best ways to empower the children because schools are like the 2nd homes for kids. There should be ways to bring about changes

Next Story

Conventional vs Unconventional Classroom

So where would you be learning, conventional or an unconventional classroom?

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Unlike the conventional learning in a classroom, online training makes the content available for students digitally. Flickr

Learning is the process of acquiring new skills or knowledge and for quite some time students have followed the process of enrolling in an offline centre to learn and study from the material provided but now, there is a new and an unconventional approach to upskilling yourself and that is through online learning.

While I was growing up, if I ever wanted to learn a new skill, I had to travel a minimum of 2-3 kms to the nearest learning or tuition centre to enquire and then enrol for the desired training. Though there were interactions with the teacher, but inhibitions got the better of me and with time, because of all the unresolved doubts, the learning started to become monotonous and I lost interest. But online learning has made that journey for a student interesting, fun and a cakewalk. You can relax in your seat while the knowledge is displayed on your screen and ask all that you wish to.

To begin with, what is online learning?

Unlike the conventional learning in a classroom, online learning makes the content available for students digitally. Students can learn online, anywhere and anytime. Instead of physical copies of books, e-learning uses visual content and gamification.

To help you understand the differences better I would like to compare both the classrooms and the learning associated on the basis of parameters that are essential for an overall learning.

1.       Affordability: 

In offline centres or conventional classrooms there are a lot of miscellaneous expenses incurred and hence the fee structure is designed accordingly.

Whereas in online learning, students’ aim is to learn so companies spend resources only on developing the content and thereby lowering the cost of the training.

From text to graphics, this software does it all. Pixabay
In offline centres or conventional classrooms there are a lot of miscellaneous expenses incurred and hence the fee structure is designed accordingly. Pixabay

2.       Flexibility and convenience:

In a conventional classroom, if you miss a class it gets difficult to grasp the topic and understand what is being taught. The classes have to be attended on fixed days
and timings, offering almost no flexibility. Whereas in online learning, the classes can be taken as per your availability and thus giving you an opportunity to design your own curriculum. You could also watch the classes over and understand the topics in-depth.

3.       Answers to your questions:

While learning, doubts might arise about the topic being taught but students usually hesitate in asking questions in a classroom. Whereas in online learning, you are an anonymous user and your doubts, as frivolous they may be, can be asked without any hesitation.
4.       Practical experience:
The learning journey in a conventional classroom is about reading and grasping, it involves little or none practical applications of the learnings. Whereas in online learning, the training is designed in such a manner that the content is informative and involves practical applications as well. The test and assignments in the module are made to ensure that the student has a holistic growth.

Also Read- Apple Watch Helps Users in US Take ECG

Only 20 percent of the five million students who graduate every year get employed, industry lobby Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) said in a report, published last year.

The competition is stiff and is going to get worse with time so It essential to make yourself stand out from the rest to increase your chances of getting hired. The certificate you will receive at the successful completion of the training will help in making the employer realise that you have relevant skills and in-depth knowledge about the subject.

So where would you be learning, conventional or an unconventional classroom?

About the Author: Sarvesh Agrawal is the Founder and CEO of Internshala, an internship and trainings platform. (Internshala.com)