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Brain Drain: India needs to Empower its Educational Institutions

With a a pay scale ranging between 5000 and 15,000, it is not surprising that the teaching profession is no longer attracting the best talent.

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Indian school children in Mizoram Image Source: Wikipedia Commons
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  • Each year, at least 125,000 students go out leading to an outflow of ₹200,000 crore annually
  • While those in the big private schools are well paid, the teachers in most of the private schools get a pay scale ranging between 5000 and 15,000
  • The only way to control the spiraling cost of education is to create good state supply at a cheaper cost

Many well-to-do families send their kids abroad for higher education as they feel Indian educational institutions lack infrastructure and scope for better education. These children go abroad and spend almost Rs 1.5 crore for an undergraduate course. According to a survey, each year, at least 125,000 students go out leading to an outflow of ₹200,000 crore annually and with each passing year numbers are rising.

As a result, the best of Indian minds do get access to the good educational facilities in India and as they result, either they struggle to make their way to a foreign university or their lives are doomed due to lack of financial support. When looked at on a broader prospect, this has resulted in brain drain, in true sense of the term.

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Except for Supreme court that is working to bring a transparent system, Government officials are not showing active involvement to counter the drawbacks of India’s education system. The trend of accepting ‘donations’ by Government Institutions is so rampant, they it fails to focus on the quality education. ‘Bribe’ in the form of ‘donation’ are forced on the students, once they make their way to these institutes.

According to the 2014 educational statistics report from the Ministry of Human Resource, the number of schools in the country at 14,25,564. The pupil to teacher ratio at the primary level is 28 while at the senior secondary level is 40. And 43% of school teachers in India are now working under privately managed schools. That’s about 4.2 million teachers, of which 3.1 million teach in elementary schools.

The government school teachers get pay scales ranging between Rs 20,000 to Rs 40,000 per month depending on their level of qualification and experience and get additional hikes and pension plans after each government re-election, while most of the private school teachers suffer due to underpay.

Apart from few Big private schools that pay their teachers well, most of the teachers in private schools get a mere payscale ranging between 5000 and 15,000. Hence, it is not surprising that the teaching profession is no longer attracting the best talent. Here, what India needs to know is that there is a difference between buying teachers and bringing good teachers to a institution.

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People have the notion that teaching is a “noble-profession” and education being “non- profit”. This has cost us dearly with the loss of beautiful minds and will continue to hurt us in our global ambitions. The government must empower institutions and let them compete in the market. The good ones will survive and the bad ones will die, and that is a good result.

There are not more than 20,000 students travelling to India to study here. Most of these students are from South Asia and Africa, driven primarily by grants based on agreements between the two governments.

Main Building of IIT Kharagpur Image Source: Wikipedia Commons

“The IITs have been funded, subsidized, given land and buildings and still charge almost ₹8 lakh for four years, much more than the fees fixed by the empowered fees fixation committee (at times it is as low as ₹32,000 per year). The IIMs, fully funded, subsidized with zero cost of infrastructure and capital creation charge upwards of ₹15 lakh, while states impose a fees cap of around ₹2 lakh for an MBA. The real cost per student for an IIM is upwards of ₹1 crore. Ever wonder why education is so bad? The only way to control the spiraling cost of education is to create good state supply at a cheaper cost. They should act as a correcting force and a deterrent through market forces.”, says Mahesh Peri of the Huffington Post.

-This article is compiled by a staff-writer at NewsGram.

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  • AJ Krish

    India should level up on the standard of educational institutions and provide better facilities to keep India’s youth within the country. Quality education in one’s motherland, who would say no to that?

  • Aparna Gupta

    This is true. If we want to strengthen our education system, we need to make some changes in it otherwise it will be quite impossible to urge the students to study in India.

  • Aayush Anand

    Brain drain is as much a statistical issue as it is psychological. Teaching is looked down here as a profession not of first choice but last. This leads to uninterested individuals taking the blackboard and spoiling the subject for students by teaching in a non passionate and uninteresting fashion. Its also the reason of such small number of students pursuing research in India.

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Empowering the educational institutes is one of the best ways to empower the children because schools are like the 2nd homes for kids. There should be ways to bring about changes

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  • AJ Krish

    India should level up on the standard of educational institutions and provide better facilities to keep India’s youth within the country. Quality education in one’s motherland, who would say no to that?

  • Aparna Gupta

    This is true. If we want to strengthen our education system, we need to make some changes in it otherwise it will be quite impossible to urge the students to study in India.

  • Aayush Anand

    Brain drain is as much a statistical issue as it is psychological. Teaching is looked down here as a profession not of first choice but last. This leads to uninterested individuals taking the blackboard and spoiling the subject for students by teaching in a non passionate and uninteresting fashion. Its also the reason of such small number of students pursuing research in India.

  • Vrushali Mahajan

    Empowering the educational institutes is one of the best ways to empower the children because schools are like the 2nd homes for kids. There should be ways to bring about changes

Next Story

More Than 1000 Gene Variants Linked to Educational Attainment Identified

However, the total influence of the genetic variants is small, explaining about four per cent of the variation in educational attainment across individuals, the scientists said

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The team analysed a combined 71 datasets comprising over 1.1 million participants with European ancestry from 15 different countries and who were least 30 years old. Pixabay

An international team of scientists has identified nearly 1,300 genetic variants associated with how much education someone may complete.

Educational attainment is primarily influenced by environmental and social factors, but it is also influenced by genes associated with, for example, cognitive function such as memory and personality traits such as conscientiousness.

“We found that many of the genes associated with educational attainment are influential in virtually all stages of brain development and in neural communication within the brain,” said Peter Visscher, Professor at the University of Queensland in Australia.

Genetic variants on the X chromosome explain virtually identical amounts of variation in men and women.

This finding, published in the journal Nature Genetics, lends support to the hypothesis that there are no genetically based sex differences in the amount of variation in educational attainment.

genes
Genetic variants on the X chromosome explain virtually identical amounts of variation in men and women. Pixabay

However, the total influence of the genetic variants is small, explaining about four per cent of the variation in educational attainment across individuals, the scientists said.

“Even variants with the largest effects predict, on average, only about three more weeks of schooling in those who have those variants compared to those who don’t,” said Daniel Benjamin, Associate Professor at University of Southern California (USC)- Dornsife.

“Yet, when we analyze the combined effects of many genetic variants, taken together they can predict the length of a person’s formal education as well as demographic factors,” he added.

Also Read: New Link Found Between Alcohol, Genes And Heart Failure

While the new number is far more than the 74 variants initially discovered in a smaller study two years ago, there are many other genetic variants associated with educational attainment that have not yet been identified, the researchers said.

For the study, the team analysed a combined 71 datasets comprising over 1.1 million participants with European ancestry from 15 different countries and who were least 30 years old. (IANS)