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British researchers discover a protein that can control spread of breast cancer in body

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London: British researchers have identified a key protein that can control how breast cancer cells spread in the body.

The study sheds light on how cancer cells leave the blood vessels to travel to a new part of the body, said the researchers from the University of Manchester in Britain.

When tumor cells spread, they first enter the blood stream and grip onto the inner walls of blood vessels, the researchers elicited.

The cancer cells control a receptor protein called EPHA2 in order to push their way out of the vessels, they added.

When these cancer cells interact with the walls of the blood vessels, EPHA2 is activated and the tumor cells remain inside the blood vessels. When the EPHA2 is inactive, the tumor cells can push out and spread, revealed the study published in the journal Science Signaling.

The researchers used a technique that allowed them to map how cancer cells interact and exchange information with cells that make up the blood vessels.

“The next step is to figure out how to keep this receptor switched on, so that the tumor cells can’t leave the blood vessels – stopping breast cancer spreading and making the disease easier to treat successfully,” concluded the lead researcher Claus Jorgensen from the University of Manchester. (IANS)

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Lifestyle Habits That Affect Breast Cancer Risk

Changing lifestyle habits, increasing work pressure and stress levels have left modern-day individuals with no time to pay heed to their health and one disease that seems to be emerging because of irregular lifestyle is breast cancer. So make sure you are keeping a check on habits that can lead to this disease.

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Breast Cancer. Pixabay

Changing lifestyle habits, increasing work pressure and stress levels have left modern-day individuals with no time to pay heed to their health and one disease that seems to be emerging because of irregular lifestyle is breast cancer. So make sure you are keeping a check on habits that can lead to this disease.

Meher Patel, Director at DIVA, Centre for Breast Care (partner with cosmetic brand AVON’s #PayAttention campaign that raises awareness of breast cancer), says:

* Lack of physical activity:

Renuka Prasad- Joint Secy (Hon.) at Indian Cancer Society too has problems to share that can lead to this disease.
Yoga is also a good physical exercise. Wikimedia

Don’t be proud of being laid back. One of the main reasons is that excess weight causes the body to produce and circulate more estrogen and insulin, hormones that can stimulate cancer growth. It is crucial to keep your body fit at every stage of life continuously using all body parts to sweat out intoxicants that one consumes in this polluted, fast-paced world.

* Alcohol and smoking:

Renuka Prasad- Joint Secy (Hon.) at Indian Cancer Society too has problems to share that can lead to this disease.
Bottles of Alcohol, Wikimedia

The downside of relaxing in this modern world. The more glasses of drinks you down on the weekend, or packets of cigarettes you puff up, the more you are at risk of breast cancer. Also, for the night owls, it is advisable to find the right balance since irregular patterns of work, long hours and late nights are more likely found to be struck by cancer in the later years of life.

* Long night-shifts at work:

Renuka Prasad- Joint Secy (Hon.) at Indian Cancer Society too has problems to share that can lead to this disease.
representational image. Pixabay

After conducting a survey with 300 women-some of whom worked at night, some of whom didn’t the survey found that those who had worked nights for 30 or more years were twice as likely to have developed the disease.

Renuka Prasad- Joint Secy (Hon.) at Indian Cancer Society too has problems to share that can lead to this disease.

* Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and contraceptive pills:

Renuka Prasad- Joint Secy (Hon.) at Indian Cancer Society too has problems to share that can lead to this disease.
Pills, representational Image. Pixabay

Medical improvisations you don’t need! Avoid using the viral popular HRT or contraception tablets to abnormally treat menopausal symptoms and unwanted pregnancy.

* Overweight:

Renuka Prasad- Joint Secy (Hon.) at Indian Cancer Society too has problems to share that can lead to this disease.
representational image. pixabay

Start eating healthy and avoid eating out. Putting on weight in adulthood (after the age of 18) with those extra munchies and burgers, or being overweight after menopause can also lead to breast cancer.

Also Read:Effective Treatment to Protect Cancer Patients From Blood Clots

* Other causes:

A few other causes that women tend to overlook is the excess use of deodorants and perfumes, underwired bras, bumping or bruising of breasts, breast implants and abortions that can also be potential threats to breast cancer. (IANS)