Wednesday June 26, 2019

Butterfly IQ : The iPhone-based Portable Ultrasound Machine to Detect Cancer

Developed by Connecticut-based start-up Butterfly Network, the pocket sized device works by shooting sound into the body and capturing the echoes.

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Butterfly IQ
There is a new portable device that might be able to detect cancer. Pixabay

New York, October 29, 2017 : A novel iPhone-based portable ultrasound machine that can help detect cancer easily at home has been developed by US researchers.

The device called Butterfly IQ is a scanner of the size of an electric razor that can display black-and-white imagery of the body, when paired with an iPhone.
Developed by Connecticut-based start-up Butterfly Network, the pocket sized device works by shooting sound into the body and capturing the echoes.
Usually, the sound waves are generated by a vibrating crystal. But Butterfly’s machine instead uses 9,000 tiny drums etched onto a semiconductor chip, reported the MIT Technology Review on Friday.
Earlier this year, John Martin, a US-based vascular surgeon and chief medical officer at Butterfly Network, discovered a cancerous mass in his own throat while testing the device.
Martin felt an uncomfortable feeling of thickness on his throat, thus he oozed out some gel and ran the probe along his neck.
On his smartphone, to which the device is connected, black-and gray images quickly appeared.
He found a 3 cm mass that was diagnosed as squamous-cell cancer — a form of skin cancer that develops in the cells of the outer layer of the skin.
Instead of vibrating crystals, Butterfly IQ uses “capacitive micro-machined ultrasound transducers”, or CMUTs, tiny ultrasonic emitters layered on a semiconductor chip a little larger than a postage stamp.
“The device gives you the ability to do everything at the bedside: you can pull it out of your pocket and scan the whole body,” Martin said.
The company now plans to combine the instrument with artificial-intelligence software that could help a novice position the probe, collect the right images, and interpret them.
By 2018, its software will let users automatically calculate how much blood a heart is pumping, or detect problems like aortic aneurisms, the report said.
The Butterfly IQ is the first solid-state ultrasound machine to reach the market in the US. The company plans to go on sale this year for $1,999-far less than any other model on the market. (IANS)

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Apple Releases First Public Beta of its Upcoming iPhone, iPad OS

With iPadOS, users would be able to work with apps in multiple windows, see more information on a redesigned Home screen and more natural ways to use Apple Pencil

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apple, 5G, iphone
iPadOS delivers exciting features, including a new Home screen with widgets. Pixabay

Apple has released the first public beta of its upcoming iPhone and iPad operating systems (OS), iOS 13 and iPadOS 13, open for everybody to download and experience the test versions.

The final version of the new iPhone and iPad operating systems is scheduled to release later this year, most likely by September, TechCruch reported on Monday.

However, because of bug-risks and chances of patchy experience, users are advised to proceed with caution and not install the beta versions on their primary iPhones and iPads.

According to the report, while some apps and features would not work at all as part of the beta tests, but in some rare cases, beta softwares could also brick devices and make them unusable.

Last week, the iPhone-maker announced the availability of the developer beta of iOS 13 and iPadOS 13.

Apple, smartphone
Customers walk past an Apple logo inside of an Apple store at Grand Central Station in New York, Aug. 1, 2018. VOA

Apple unveiled iOS 13 with features like the Dark Mode and Apple sign-in, a sturdy Mac Pro desktop for creative professionals and a 30 per cent snappier Face ID.

The new operating system on iPhones is loaded with India-specific features like the Indian-English accent for virtual assistant Siri that would now speak in a more natural and expressive way – in both male and female voices. The users would be able to access content drawn from Indian languages in a seamless conversational style.

Also Read: Use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for Fraud Detection to Triple by 2021

According to the iPhone-maker, iOS 13 would reduce app download sizes by up to 50 per cent and make app updates over 60 per cent smaller, resulting in apps launching up to twice as fast.

With iPadOS, users would be able to work with apps in multiple windows, see more information on a redesigned Home screen and more natural ways to use Apple Pencil.

On the other hand, just like iOS 13, iPadOS with Dark Mode feature would be available this fall as a free software update for iPad Air 2 and later, all iPad Pro models, iPad 5th generation and iPad mini 4. (IANS)