Sunday January 20, 2019

Can a Patient without Donors advertise for Transplantation?

Delhi High court was faced with the question; Can a common citizen without a donor for transplantcan use the help of media to advertise for his/her cause?

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Doctors (representational Image), Pixabay

New Delhi, Mar 4, 2017:  Can the authorities allow a person who has no family donor to advertise to get a volunteer for a kidney transplant? This is a question on which the Delhi High Court looked for the views of the government on Feb 28, this year.

The patient who raised the issue drew the attention of the court to the fact that it is easy in case of celebrities or well-known public figures to get volunteer donors because of media attention but common citizens do not have a right to avail the benefit of such media advertisements.

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Seized with the matter, Justice Sanjeev Sachdeva, asked the Ministry for Family Health and Welfare to look into various aspects related to the transplantation of kidney raised by the petitioner.

According to PTI reports, The judge also sought the opinion of the National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organisation (NOTTO), the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and  the apex centre for registry, procurement and distribution of organs and tissues on the plea of the patient who has narrated his ordeal of 15 long years.

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NOTTO’s response was sought as the patient has prayed for scrapping of the body which maintains a registry of donations and transplantation of tissues and organs.

The patient named Vinod Kumar Anand, has suffered the loss of both of his kidneys and the one donated by his wife due to renal problems.

During the hearing, the patient’s advocate, Ashok Aggarwal, was asked by the court to explore the possibility of kidney exchange between his family and that of someone else who also required the organ.

Kidney exchange or ‘swap’ is a simple barter system in which a swap pair consists of a recipient (patient) and a donor (a family member). A swap transplant like this involves an exchange of organs between two families, who cannot donate the organ to their own family member due to the mismatch of a blood group.

– prepared by Durba Mandal of NewsGram. Twitter: @dubumerang

 

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AIIMS Prepares Research Project on Air Pollution’s Impact on Health

"People with respiratory problems are increasing. Apart from asthma patients, there were fresh cases who visited AIIMS owing to pollution,"

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AIIMS launches research project on air pollution's impact on health.

As the National Capital Region (NCR) battles poor air quality during winter, the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) has started a research project to study the effects of air pollution on public health.

“Delhi’s air quality deteriorates every year during Diwali owing to multiple reasons like stubble burning and bursting of crackers. However, last year, when the air pollution level escalated, we noticed a surge in patients visiting AIIMS,” Dr Karan Madan, Associate Professor, Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders, AIIMS, who is part of this research programme, told IANS.

So the country’s premier medical research and referral hospital decided to conduct empirical research on the impact of air pollution on health.

For the study, titled “DAPHNE” (Delhi Air Pollution Health And Effects), AIIMS researchers have developed an air pollution sensor technology.

“This sort of study has not been earlier conducted in India. The device has been developed in a belt format which is very light and it gives clear continuous pollution data. The belt can be wrapped around the waist or on the arms,” Madan said.

air pollution, Pollution, pollutants
In this Sept. 19, 2018 photo steam and cooling towers of a lignite power plant are reflected in a pond in Peitz, eastern Germany. VOA

He explained that the device is wireless and directly sends data to a monitoring system through a Global Positioning System (GPS). AIIMS is primarily focusing on children suffering from pulmonary diseases like asthma, bronchitis and other breathing troubles — as well as pregnant women.

The device, which is to be worn by children suffering from asthma or bronchitis, will give an idea of the exposure level of air pollution when one is travelling in the school bus, at home, when in school, or outdoors while playing.

“On pregnant women, we are trying to see how pollution might affect the unborn child. We are also trying to figure out the birth rate issue from this study owing to poor air quality,” Madan noted.

Funded by the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, and Medical Research Council, Britain, the project is a collaborative effort of the the two nations.

In India, apart from AIIMS, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, IIT Delhi and GTB Hospital are also associated with the research.

India, air pollution, WHO, diwali, Pollution, Delhi, egypt, air quality
A man walks in front of the India Gate shrouded in smog in New Delhi, India. VOA

“While the data on asthma in children will be compiled at AIIMS, GTB Hospital will be following the cases of pregnant women,” Madan said.

The research process, initiated last year, began on a pilot basis two months ago. Dr Madan stated that around 10 children have been given this belt across Delhi NCR.

“So far, the project is going good and the readings have come accurate. The study will conclude next year and the report will be released,” he added.

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Talking about the rise in health hazards among residents in the National Capital Region and its surrounding areas, Madan said that AIIMS has witnessed an increase of 15-20 per cent in the number of patients with cases of respiratory problems like coughing, heavy breathing, asthma symptoms, and burning sensation in throat and nose.

“People with respiratory problems are increasing. Apart from asthma patients, there were fresh cases who visited AIIMS owing to pollution,” he stated. (IANS)