Friday April 19, 2019

Car Pollution: The Cause of Asthma Among Over 350,000 Children in India

South Korea (31 per cent) had the highest proportion of traffic pollution-attributable childhood asthma incidence. The UK ranked 24th of the 194 countries, the US 25th, China 19th, and India 58th

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Traffic pollution caused asthma among 350,000 children in India, the second largest after China, in 2015, finds a Lancet study that analysed 194 countries.

The study, published in the Lancet Planetary Health, found that the largest number of cases (760,000) of traffic pollution-related asthma were in China.

It could be because China has the second largest population of children and the third highest concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), which is an indicator of traffic pollution.

India had the next largest number of cases (350,000) due to its large population of children, said researchers from the George Washington University in the US. The US (240,000), Indonesia (160,000) and Brazil (140,000) had the next largest burdens.

“Our findings suggest millions of new cases of paediatric asthma could be prevented in cities around the world by reducing air pollution,” said Susan C. Anenberg, Associate Professor at the George Washington University in the US.

Car emissions contribute to global climate change. Pixabay

Globally, the study suggests there are 170 new cases of traffic pollution-related asthma per 100,000 children every year, and 13 per cent of childhood asthma cases diagnosed each year are linked to traffic pollution.

South Korea (31 per cent) had the highest proportion of traffic pollution-attributable childhood asthma incidence. The UK ranked 24th of the 194 countries, the US 25th, China 19th, and India 58th.

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India ranks below other countries for this metric because although levels of other pollutants (particularly PM2.5) in the country are among the highest in the world, NO2 levels (between 2010 and 2012) in Indian cities appear to be lower than or comparable with European and US cities, the researchers said.

“Improving access to cleaner forms of transportation, like electric public transport and active commuting by cycling and walking, would not only lower NO2 levels but would also reduce asthma, enhance physical fitness and cut greenhouse gas emissions,” Anenberg said. (IANS)

Next Story

Panasonic Boosts Smart Factory Business in India

Panasonic also plans to open a technical centre for its smart factory solutions which will act as a strategic base that validates smart factories with customers and be used as a training centre

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Panasonic also launches mobile computing devices in India. Flickr

Targeting Rs.1,000 crore in revenue in India from its Smart Factory solutions in the next three years, Japanese electronics major Panasonic has announced it has integrated its welding business and SMT (Surface Mount Technology) equipment business into one Smart Manufacturing Solutions company.

The smart factory solutions proposition will enable Panasonic to deliver high value-added smart solutions and services along with world-class hardware to the manufacturing industry, the company said in a statement late on Wednesday.

The company targets to achieve Rs 1,000 crore in revenue from its smart factory business in the next three years in India, with solutions and digital manufacturing expected to contribute 15 per cent to the total smart factory business revenue.

“India is adopting new-age technologies such as 5G, IoT, AI and others at a rapid pace and we will only see more investment in these technologies as we move forward,” said Hiroyuki Aota, President and CEO, Global Panasonic Smart Factory Solutions.

“To be able to cater to these growing demands, having the right and smart capabilities in manufacturing will be key, and this is what we are addressing today,” he added.

The smart factory solutions mean integrated line management system (ILNB), automated process tracker, digital reporting system and more.

panasonic
Panasonic. IANS

Panasonic’s recently introduced solution ILNB can communicate with the entire line of machinery and can automate up to 70-80 per cent of manual processes.

The digital reporting system allows real-time access to information, helping build agility and overall transparency of systems.

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“The key technology to realise a Smart Factory is to connect various equipments through the Internet of Things (IoT), synchronize them and collect and control data in real time for entire production processes,” said Manish Sharma, President & CEO Panasonic India.

Panasonic also plans to open a technical centre for its smart factory solutions which will act as a strategic base that validates smart factories with customers and be used as a training centre. (IANS)