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- CBSE paper leak has been criticised by everyone
- Government is taking the matter lightly, not acknowledging the 10th class Mathematics’ paper leak which took place outside of Delhi-NCR as well
- Students all over the country are in want of justice and a Mathematics re-examination
CBSE Paper leak is one of the biggest controversies in the history of Indian Education System so far. Every student has this extreme pressure of performing well in their board examinations, which are no less than a taboo, for many. The pressure to perform well and get a good score can often get overwhelming for students. They work hard to score well.
However, many do try to take shortcuts as well. The recent CBSE paper leak is an example of just that. The 12th class’ Economics’ and 10th class’ Mathematics’ board’s question papers were leaked before the exams were to be conducted all over India. The matter was much hyped and rightly so. No one should be allowed to toy with the future of hardworking students.
The CBSE paper leak is one of the biggest failures of the system. The proposed solution to the monumental damage by CBSE was the conduction of retest. The 12th class Economics’ exam will be held again on 25th April 2018. However, the retest for class 10th Mathematics examination has been cancelled on the grounds that the paper was not leaked all over India and retest shall only be conducted in Delhi and Haryana, that too after “investigation points to a larger leak,” as the HRD minister, Prakash Javdekar points out.
I am amazed to see headlines in some news channels about confusion over retest. Out of 16 lakh students, more than 14 lakh students of Class X will not have to give retest in Maths. This is final decision. (1/2)
— Prakash Javadekar (@PrakashJavdekar) March 30, 2018
As far as Delhi and Haryana, where police investigation is on, retest for Class-X Maths will be conducted only if investigation points to large scale leak. There should be no confusion. (2/2)
— Prakash Javadekar (@PrakashJavdekar) March 30, 2018
However, what makes the government and CBSE think that the paper was not leaked outside of Delhi and NCR?
Mainstream media is only showing protests against the retest. However, they are ignoring a large section of students from all over India who actually want a retest.
These students claim that the paper was leaked all over India. It was not only Delhi or NCR but the whole nation which saw the leaked Mathematics paper well before the examination actually took place.
Soumya, a 10th class student from the Bokaro Steel City of Jharkhand, says that the leaked question papers were being sold to students by the local cyber cafes quite openly.
Kartik from Jaipur also shared videos which shows the leak question paper along with answers being uploaded on YouTube 10 days before the exam took place which was on 28th March 2018. The account which uploaded the video has been deactivated, however, the proof was provided by Kartik which clearly states the date and time at which the video was uploaded. The video had approximately 4.7k views.
Anything on the internet is accessible to all. Then, why CBSE is taking a stand that the paper was not leaked outside of Delhi too?
#CBSEKaSystemLeak we wan't retest of class x maths throughout the country as social media is not restricted to Delhi and Haryana only many students from other states also have proof of leak please give equally opportunity for those whose paper was not good they will get 1+chance
— Nitish maurya (@Nitishm33750760) March 31, 2018
This is clearly an injustice to all the students all over India.
Soumya says, “Paper leaked helped a few but not all, it only helped an average student to be a topper and replace the rightful, I am against CBSE’s decision of not conducting the re-exam.”
Students from states like Jharkhand, Jaipur, Mumbai claim that the papers were available to them and their friends as well. They did not choose to use them, maintaining their honesty and integrity but they were indeed available and CBSE just cannot and should not ignore this fact.
This paper leak and the reluctance to accept its intensity clearly shows CBSE’s and government’s inability to secure what needs to be secured and take responsibility. They are just trying to reduce the shame and lessen the blame. It can also be their strategy to save themselves from the headache of conducting a re-exam but is it fair?
Is it fair to the students who worked hard?
As Kartik puts it, “Only those who got leaked paper are against the retest and each and every topper will surely have at least tension that their rank will get affected by this leak. No topper is against the retest, only those who leaked and used the leaked papers are against the retest.”
Guys its not fair that class 10th students of only haryana nd delhi will have a retest..we students of another places have too right bcoz the video of leaked paper was too putted on youtube which my lots of friends saw. So lets come all together nd strike
— Kartik Achra (@KartikAchra) March 31, 2018
Ayush from Jharkhand says, “Restest must be conducted across the whole country. Paper was leaked in Jharkhand also. CBSE is a central board and not just Delhi Board.”
Nitish Maurya from Mumbai questions the government and their intentions behin+d not conducting the re-examination. Who are they really trying to save by not giving the leak the importance it actually deserves?
Students are also protesting against the government and mainstream media which refuses to highlight their plight. CBSE paper leak is not only a matter of shame but also a matter of concern. Government just sweeping it under the rug is not only unfair but also highly unethical.
“If we won’t stop these leakers now, they will cause a great side effect at the time of our competition exams like NEET, etc.” Says, Katik, raising serious concerns about the future of Indian education.
Concerns were also raised about students who will get away with cheating this time and may repeat the similar behaviour again, where will this lead our country to in future?
— roshan j (@roshanj1) April 3, 2018
Students are protesting heavily against the decision of CBSE to not conduct a re-examination.
Sir exam was leaked. I don't know of other cities but it was in bhiwani. I came to know when I came out from the examination hall. Please reconduct the exam. IF WE HAVE EQUALITY IN THE COUNTRY THEN EXAM SHOULD BE RECONDUCTED. those who are reading this tweet and are in my favour
— Pankaj (@Pankaj58471865) April 3, 2018
I'm student of class 10th and we want re-test of maths all over India for justice bcoz paper was leaked in many places it's even proved plsz.. do justice
— Manas Tiwari (@ManasTi77507673) April 3, 2018
We eant re-exam
— Deepak Singh (@Deepak_2207) April 3, 2018
it is highly arbitrary for #CBSE to prematurely assume that #CBSEPaperLeaks has been limited to Delhi NCR and Haryana and to decide to restrict the re-examination to only that region based on such assumption”. #CBSERetest
— Neeru Bahl (@Neeru_Bahl) April 3, 2018
CBSE paper leak clearly shows the shortcomings of Indian education system. What’s more disheartening than the paper leak is the denial of justice to several students all over India. It is now high time, the government gets its priorities straight. Students are the future of this country, and any injustice to them simply should not be tolerated!
The story has been compiled by Ruchika Verma of NewsGram.
"In India, to be born as a man is a crime, to question a woman is an atrocious crime, and this all because of those women who keep suppressing men in the name of feminism."
Feminism, a worldwide movement that started to establish, define and defend equal rights for women in all sections- economically, politically, and socially. India, being a patriarchal society gives a gender advantage to the men in the society thus, Indian feminists sought to fight against the culture-specific issue for women in India. Feminism itself is nothing but a simple movement that pursues equal rights for women (including transwomen) and against misogyny both external and internal. It states nowhere that women should get more wages than men, that women deserve more respect than men, that's pseudo-feminism.
Pseudo feminists state that women deserve more respect and rights, any other gender deserves no respect. They feel that women should be the ones ruling the world and at higher positions. When feminism takes a turn for extremities it becomes pseudo-feminism and people who label themselves as feminists will bash anyone who speaks against even the wrongdoings of a woman. They'll bash women who're wife and sisters for not speaking up and support any women criticizing political leaders even if it's completely irrational. This is where hypocrisy and pseudo-feminism merge with each other.
They take advantage of the rights given to women to protect themselves to threaten other genders. The rights given to women are supposed to make them feel reassured that they can reach out to the judiciary if their rights are being hampered not to threaten to make the victim sound like the culprit.
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Indian Feminist Movement has made significant progress however, even in the modern world women are still unsafe and are discriminated against when it comes to getting a job, land ownership, and access to education. While filling the official papers it is still asked "Wife of /Daughter of:….."
People in India still continue the practice of sex-selective abortion, abandoning the girl child, not letting girl child study instead they should learn household chores, they are seen as a burden to the family. Such injustices make feminism such an important movement, gender equality is worth fighting for to create a safe environment for women. Feminists over the years have been criticized for focusing on the rights of privileged women and not giving equal representation to poorer and lower caste women, which has led to separate caste-specific feminist organizations and movements.
Some notable milestones in the Feminist Movement
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy campaigned against Sati Pratha (practice in which a widow sacrificed herself by sitting atop her deceased husband's funeral pyre) and child marriage
- Savitribai Phule started the first school for girls at Bhidewada in Pune city in 1848.
- In 1972, SEWA, the biggest trade union for women was set up by Ela Bhatt for women working in the informal sector.
- The Chipko Movement was launched and led by women in 1973.
- #MeToo movement against sexual harassment and abuse was started in 2006 and revived in the year 2015.
People in India still continue the practice of sex-selective abortion, abandoning the girl child, not letting girl child study instead they should learn household chores, they are seen as a burden to the family.Unsplash
Feminism is often misunderstood as pseudo-feminism and hence, becomes the target for public hatred and is accused of wronging other genders under the façade of feminism. It is misunderstood by Indians as female domination instead of gender equality. Indian society and Indian feminists believe that only men are perpetrators of a heinous crime like rape and they refuse to even recognize the men who say they were raped and it's the toxic masculinity in the society that believes how can a woman rape a man? Reality is different from what we believe, women can be the perpetrator too, women threaten to file a case of domestic violence, or sexual assault against innocent people just to fulfill their ego.
Thankfully feminism and pseudo feminism are two separate concepts and feminism is just about equality and not judgment. Indian society and feminists actually need to understand the difference between the two and stop tarnishing the Feminist Movement as a whole.
Keywords: Feminism, World, India, Pseudo-Feminism, Gender
Kerala is a land of many good things. It has an abundance of nature, culture, art, and food. It is also a place of legend and myth, and is known for its popular folklore, the legend of Yakshi. This is not a popular tale outside the state, but it is common knowledge for travellers, especially those who fare through forests at night.
The legend of the yakshi is believed to be India's equivalent of the Romanian Dracula, except of course, the Yakshi is a female. Many Malayalis believe that the Yakshi wears a white saree and had long hair. She has a particular fragrance, which is believed to be the fragrance of the Indian devil-tree flowers. She seduces travellers with her beauty, and kills them brutally.
Yakshi idol in Veroor, Sri Dharamashastha temple Image source: wikimedia commons
The Yakshi is believed to live in a palm tree which can appear like a palace. Victims are taken here before they are killed. Travellers on highways are often advised not to stop near heavily forested areas, or speak to anyone who closely resembles a Yakshi. Some believe she can change form, while other hold to the belief that she doesn't. after securing her victim, the only trace left behind is body parts like hair, nails, and teeth.
They say, like other ghosts, a Yakshi's feet will not touch the ground. This is something to look out for. Mysterious deaths have been reported across the rural areas in Kerala, and all these have been attributed to the legend.
Keywords: Legends, Yakshi, Urban legend, Ghost, Kerala, Myth, Vampire
The LGBTQ+ acronym stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and others. In India LGBTQ+ community also include a specific social group, part religious cult, and part caste: the Hijras. They are culturally defined either as "neither men nor women" or as men who become women by adopting women's dress and behavior. Section 377 of the India Penal code that criminalized all sexual acts "against the order of nature" i.e. engaging in oral sex or anal sex along with other homosexual activities were against the law, ripping homosexual people off of their basic human rights. Thus, the Indian Supreme Court ruled a portion of Section 377 unconstitutional on 6th September 2018.
But the question is, "was India always against homosexuality"? Has the concept of homosexuality being unnatural existed forever? No, in Indian history and Hinduism homosexuality has never been an offense, in fact in several instances it has been depicted how people embraced their identity, be it sexual identity or gender identity. Section 377 was brought to India by the British in 1862, while India was colonized. Even after the Independence, it was only in 2018 that the Supreme Court ruled it as irrational and illogical.
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Homosexuality in Ancient India
When Supreme Court decriminalized homosexuality in India, there was an uproar about it being a western ideology and liberalism. But in reality, homosexuality has existed since the time of the Vedas. The Gay and Lesbian Vaishnava Association (GALVA) researched and discovered that it was around 3102 B.C. (during the Vedic Age) that homosexuality or non-normative sexual identity was recognized as "Tritiya Prakriti", or the third nature. Ancient India not only made mentions of homosexuality but accepted it as well.
Hinduism is the most vastly followed religion in India. Hinduism does not explicitly mention homosexuality however it does contain a homosexual theme and characters in its text. There have been various instances in our scriptures and texts that have introduced us to LGBT+ characters such as the androgynous form of Shiva and Parvati Ardhanariswara meaning "the half-female lord". One of the most popular and ancient texts on sexuality, eroticism, and emotional fulfillment of life, "Kamasutra" has a complete chapter dedicated to homosexuality and homosexual sex. Numerous Hindu sculptures and temples have statues depicting homosexual activities.
Numerous Hindu sculptures and temples have statues depicting homosexual activities. Facebook
Our Mughals were Queer
Mughals are often seen under the light of cruelty, rigid ethics, nobility, and polygamy. Simultaneously, Mughals are also the ones credited for the emergence of Sufism, abolished jizya tax, love beyond religion, classes, and gender.
In the Baburnama written in memoirs of our very first Mughal ruler Muhammad Babur, several instances documented Babur's infatuation and affection towards a teenage boy named Baburi. We also have multiple Persian couplets as evidence of Babur's affection for Baburi. Mughals engaged in homosexuality and pederasty, and they believed that later was a form of "pure love".
But as time passed homosexuality was suppressed more and more though people practiced it in secret if revealed they were punished. According to the Fatwa-e-Alamgiri Sharia-based text of the Mughal Empire, there is a common set of punishments for homosexuality, which could include 50 lashes for a slave, 100 for a free infidel, or death by stoning for a Muslim.
British Raj and Independence of India
In 1862, Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code that criminalized homosexual sex came into force. Even after Independence in 1947, the section remained a part of the Indian Constitution. There were protests all over the country to give people of the LGBT+ community basic human rights but it was not until 2018 that The Supreme Court of India ruled the portion of Section 377 has unconstitutional and struck it off. One judge said the landmark decision would "pave the way for a better future.". With Section 377 gone are LGBT+ people allowed to fall in love freely? No, people are still afraid to love because of the stigma in our society when it comes to homosexuality; they are seen as lesser humans.
ALSO READ: Significant Support for Rights for LGBTQ+
Although the Supreme Court has decriminalized homosexual activities, same-sex marriage remains illegal in the country. Homophobia is still prevalent in India, and homosexual children would rather commit suicide than come out to society with their true identity, that's how harsh of a world we live in. Lacking support from family, society, or police, many gay rape victims do not report the crimes. In 1977, writer and Indian mathematician Shakuntla Devi published "The World of Homosexuals". It was the first study in the Indian context; the book contains interviews with homosexual men set in the years of Emergency. She wrote, "rather than pretending that homosexuals don't exist it is time we face the facts squarely in the eye and find room for homosexual people." We've had small victories in our fight against homophobia and getting LGBT+ community the rights they deserve as humans, but we still have a long and exhausting fight ahead of us.