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Children Praised for being Smart are More Likely to Cheat: Study

Smart child
Smart child. Pixabay

Toronto, Sep 14, 2017: Parents and teachers must learn to give kids the right kind of praise as researchers have found that the wrong kind of praise can backfire. Children who are praised for being smart, or who are told they have a reputation for being smart, are more likely to be dishonest and cheat, say two studies.

“Giving children wrong kind of praise makes them dishonest,” said co-author of both the studies Kang Lee, Professor at the University of Toronto.

The first study, published in the journal Psychological Science, showed that pre-schoolers who were praised for being smart were more likely to cheat subsequently than those who were praised for doing “great” in a particular task.

Similarly, the second study, published in the journal Developmental Science, found that pre-schoolers who were told that they had a reputation for being smart were also more likely to cheat.

Also Read: Outdoor games make kids smarter 

In the first study, researchers asked three and five-year-olds to play a guessing game.

When children did well on one occasion they were praised in one of two ways: one half of the children were praised for being smart, while the other half were praised for their performance.

After receiving either type of praise, the children continued to play the guessing games.

Researchers then left the room after asking children to promise not to cheat by peeking at the answers. Their behaviour was then monitored by a hidden camera.

Results showed that despite the subtle difference between the two forms of praise, the children who were praised for being smart were more likely to act dishonestly than the children who had been praised for their behaviour in a specific game.

The results were the same for both ages.

In the second study, researchers told each child that he or she had a reputation for being smart. Hearing this, similarly to receiving direct “smartness” praise, also had the effect of increasing children’s tendency to cheat.

“Praise is more complex than it seems,” Lee said.

Overall, for adults, the studies show the importance of learning to praise in a way that does not prompt or promote dishonest behaviour.

“We want to encourage children, we want them to feel good about themselves. But these studies show we must learn to give children the right kind of praise, such as praising specific behaviour. Only in this way, will praise have the intended positive outcomes,” Lee added. (IANS)

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Here are Ways of Working Smart and Managing Time Efficiently

Here are ways to work smarter

Working smart
Here are some life hacks that will help you in working smart and managing your time. Lifetime Stocks

Everyone has 24 hours each day. Why, then, do some people manage to perform more efficiently than others?

In her latest book �Burnout’, senior psychologist and business leader Anju Jain, who has previously authored �Step Up: How Women Can Perform Better for Success’, shares pillars of working smart that efficient workers leverage and keep burnout at bay.

1. Write your to-do list

Old-fashioned as it may be, the to-do list can be a lifesaver. It gives you a complete glimpse of what needs to be done and helps you script your day in advance. List out the emails you need to send, calls you have to make, who you have to meet, presentations that require work, errands to be run, etc. Then, prioritize and mark the critical ones out. Make sure you have your list handy and visible.

2. Plan your day according to your energy levels

Our productivity depends on our unique chronotype or internal clock. One that impacts what time of the day we are most focussed, creative, in a good mood, or likely to make mistakes. Figure out your peak hours and build tasks onto your schedule accordingly.

Planning and working
You need to plan your day in a way that is convenient for you. Lifetime Stock

3. Work the calendar

Once a week, assess which meetings are critical and which ones can be delegated or declined. Integrate your personal commitments into the calendar – vacations, kid’s activities, etc. Block out time for quiet, critical work that needs to be done without interruption.

4. Email at planned hours

Remove notification alerts so your inbox does not call you. Technology is for your convenience, not the other way round. Once you opened an email, act on it the first time, and keep your emails to the point. Most importantly, to avoid stress, don’t read emails first thing in the morning or while heading to bed at night.

Also Read- Here are Some Home Decor Tips for Micro Homes

5. Say no

Burnout tends to hit the best employees and those who promptly accept additional responsibilities. Practice filtering demands and saying no to those that don’t align with your goals. (IANS)