Tuesday January 21, 2020
Home Lead Story China to Adop...

China to Adopt National Law on Cryptography

The law underlines the training of talent in cryptography and says that those with outstanding contributions in the work on cryptography can be awarded

0
//
China, National, Law
According to the law, the state encourages and supports the research and application of the science and technology in cryptography and protects the intellectual property rights in cryptography. Pixabay

China’s top legislature has voted to adopt a national law on cryptography. Lawmakers approved the law at the closing meeting of a bimonthly session of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), which started Monday, after a second review. China.

The law will take effect on January 1, 2020. The enactment of the law was necessary for regulating the utilisation and management of cryptography, facilitating the development of the cryptography business and ensuring the security of cyberspace and information, according to the NPC Constitution and Law Committee, Xinhua news agency has reported.

According to the law, the state encourages and supports the research and application of the science and technology in cryptography and protects the intellectual property rights in cryptography.

The law underlines the training of talent in cryptography and says that those with outstanding contributions in the work on cryptography can be awarded.

China, National, Law
The law will take effect on January 1, 2020. Pixabay

The law classifies cryptography into core, common and commercial cryptography.

Strictly managed by authorities in cryptography, core and common cryptography are used to protect the country’s confidential information, and are state secrets.

The law stipulates that confidential information of the state transmitted via wire and wireless communications, and information systems storing and disposing of such confidential information, must use core and common cryptography for their encrypted protection and security certification.

Institutions whose work is related to cryptography must set up management systems to ensure the security of core and common cryptography. Response measures should be taken as soon as risks concerning the security of such cryptography are spotted.

Also Read- West Bengal to Restore “Pass-Fail” System in Classes 5 and 8

The law also urges the establishment of sound and rigorous supervision and security examination systems at cryptography authorities and institutions to oversee their personnel’s observance of laws and discipline.

Commercial cryptography is for the protection of information that are not state secrets, and can be used by citizens, legal persons and organisations in accordance with law to ensure the security of cyberspace and information.

According to the provisions, the country encourages the research, academic exchanges, conversion of academic achievements and application of the technologies of commercial cryptography, but the scientific research, production, sales, service and import and export of it must not harm the state security and public interests or other people’s rights and interests.

Stipulating on the authentication of commercial cryptography, the law reads that relevant provisions in the Cybersecurity Law apply to the authentication of commercial cryptography.

China, National, Law
The enactment of the law was necessary for regulating the utilisation and management of cryptography, facilitating the development of the cryptography business and ensuring the security of cyberspace and information. Pixabay

In addition, cryptography management departments, relevant departments and their personnel must not ask practitioners in commercial cryptography to disclose to them exclusive information related to the cryptography such as source codes, and must keep the business secrets and privacy they get in their duties strictly confidential.

The law also features a chapter on the legal liability related to misconduct concerning cryptography.

For instance, those who steal others’ encrypted information, hack into others’ cryptography security system or use cryptography to engage in illegal activities that harm the state security, public interest or others’ rights and interests, will be held accountable based on the Cybersecurity Law and other laws and regulations.

Those who spot risks concerning the security of core and common cryptography but do not take response measures or do not report them in time will be punished.

Also Read- Sri Lanka to Raise Funds for Children Affected by Easter Sunday Attacks

Moreover, those who sell or provide commercial cryptography products and services that are not examined or authenticated, or fail either procedure, will also be warned, fined or have their illicit gains confiscated. (IANS)

Next Story

Mercy for the Nirbhaya Rapists?

Gender discrimination is the root of many evils. While keeping the aspiration of females down, certain males have committed many wrongs in the past.

0
Nirbhaya
The Nirbhaya incident in Delhi was “instrumental” in bringing about a kind of gender awareness renaissance in India.

By Salil Gewali

Gender discrimination is the root of many evils. While keeping the aspiration of females down, certain males have committed many wrongs in the past. Apart from various kinds of physical tortures, the mental tortures undergone by defenseless females are endless. Within the confinement of four-walls innumerable sins are still being committed which mostly go unreported. However, it was Nirbhaya’s rape incident in Delhi that was “instrumental” in bringing about a kind of gender awareness renaissance in India. Post-Nirbhaya incident, a lot many changes in the laws have been made. The safety and security of women have been prioritized, the nation-wide the whole police departments have been sensitized, to a greater extent the road transportation has been made women-friendly.

Nirbhaya rape
The public is right and more sensible now to point out the “hard cruelty” with which the gang had sexually tortured Nirbhaya that night.

Thanks to the countless number of protests across the country condemning the six rapists. The people from all walks of life came together and relentlessly pressurized the government that the Nirbhaya convicts must be awarded capital punishment. Media’s contribution in the campaign is immeasurable. Alas, India’s judiciary is so annoyingly slow it has taken over 7 years to pronounce the death sentence.

Nirbhaya rape
Advocate Indira Jaising suggested that the convicts of Nirbhaya rape case could be “forgiven” by the parents.

However, now nothing could be so mind-blowing than the flood of condemnation against the comments by a veteran advocate and social activist Indira Jaising. Without a sense of guilt and potential backlash, she suggested that the convicts be “forgiven” by the parents. Jaising’s idea has clearly touched a raw nerve of the major population in the country. People’s anger is spilled well over social media. What is most noteworthy is the scathing condemnation directly from the horse mouth — the mother Asha Devi. A very bold lady, who determinedly fought for justice for so many years, thunders – “Who is Indira Jaising to give me such a suggestion? The whole country wants the convicts to be executed. Just because of people like her, justice is not done with rape victims,” Asha Devi aptly further adds — “Can’t believe how Jaising even dared to suggest such this; I met her many times over the years in Supreme Court, “not once” she asked for my well-being and today she is speaking for convicts. Such people earn a livelihood by supporting rapists; hence rape incidents don’t stop,”

The latter comments by the Nirbhaya’s mother clearly hint the doubt at the “integrity” of the advocate Ms. Jaising. How on earth that one who has not spoken a word of sympathy in spite of many encounters in the court can reserves the right to suggest that which offends the distressed victim party. Asha Devi deserves a salute for her boldness. Yes, India Jaising is one of the advocates who knocked the door of the Chief Justice of India in the middle of the night in July 2015 in order to seek the mercy for the dreaded terrorist Yakub Menon.

Nirbhaya rapists
In 2015, the Delhi Government proposed to award the Nirbhaya juvenile convicts with Rs 10000/- and a sewing machine.

Again, here is another bombshell to drop which many of us may have forgotten. Can we ever “forgive” for the shocking proposal in 2015 by Delhi Government to award the Nirbhaya juvenile convicts with Rs 10000/- and a sewing machine?  Who has approved such bizarre ideas and which leaders are responsible? What kind of lesson should the citizens take from this?

Also Read- Here’s how Climate Change has Affected the Economy

I think the public is right and more sensible now to point out the “hard cruelty” with which the gang had sexually tortured Nirbhaya that night. They had used the iron-rod to inflict deep injuries upon the girl which is unspeakable, which is very unpardonable. So, given the increasing cases of rapes and subsequent inhumane cruelty and cold-blooded killings, Capital punishment can be the only answer and “one of the deterrents”. Before the divine retribution, the hard rod of punishment should not be spared at all. 

Salil Gewali is a well-known writer and author of ‘Great minds on India’. Twitter: @SGewali