Wednesday November 20, 2019
Home Lead Story China to Adop...

China to Adopt National Law on Cryptography

The law underlines the training of talent in cryptography and says that those with outstanding contributions in the work on cryptography can be awarded

0
//
China, National, Law
According to the law, the state encourages and supports the research and application of the science and technology in cryptography and protects the intellectual property rights in cryptography. Pixabay

China’s top legislature has voted to adopt a national law on cryptography. Lawmakers approved the law at the closing meeting of a bimonthly session of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), which started Monday, after a second review. China.

The law will take effect on January 1, 2020. The enactment of the law was necessary for regulating the utilisation and management of cryptography, facilitating the development of the cryptography business and ensuring the security of cyberspace and information, according to the NPC Constitution and Law Committee, Xinhua news agency has reported.

According to the law, the state encourages and supports the research and application of the science and technology in cryptography and protects the intellectual property rights in cryptography.

The law underlines the training of talent in cryptography and says that those with outstanding contributions in the work on cryptography can be awarded.

China, National, Law
The law will take effect on January 1, 2020. Pixabay

The law classifies cryptography into core, common and commercial cryptography.

Strictly managed by authorities in cryptography, core and common cryptography are used to protect the country’s confidential information, and are state secrets.

The law stipulates that confidential information of the state transmitted via wire and wireless communications, and information systems storing and disposing of such confidential information, must use core and common cryptography for their encrypted protection and security certification.

Institutions whose work is related to cryptography must set up management systems to ensure the security of core and common cryptography. Response measures should be taken as soon as risks concerning the security of such cryptography are spotted.

Also Read- West Bengal to Restore “Pass-Fail” System in Classes 5 and 8

The law also urges the establishment of sound and rigorous supervision and security examination systems at cryptography authorities and institutions to oversee their personnel’s observance of laws and discipline.

Commercial cryptography is for the protection of information that are not state secrets, and can be used by citizens, legal persons and organisations in accordance with law to ensure the security of cyberspace and information.

According to the provisions, the country encourages the research, academic exchanges, conversion of academic achievements and application of the technologies of commercial cryptography, but the scientific research, production, sales, service and import and export of it must not harm the state security and public interests or other people’s rights and interests.

Stipulating on the authentication of commercial cryptography, the law reads that relevant provisions in the Cybersecurity Law apply to the authentication of commercial cryptography.

China, National, Law
The enactment of the law was necessary for regulating the utilisation and management of cryptography, facilitating the development of the cryptography business and ensuring the security of cyberspace and information. Pixabay

In addition, cryptography management departments, relevant departments and their personnel must not ask practitioners in commercial cryptography to disclose to them exclusive information related to the cryptography such as source codes, and must keep the business secrets and privacy they get in their duties strictly confidential.

The law also features a chapter on the legal liability related to misconduct concerning cryptography.

For instance, those who steal others’ encrypted information, hack into others’ cryptography security system or use cryptography to engage in illegal activities that harm the state security, public interest or others’ rights and interests, will be held accountable based on the Cybersecurity Law and other laws and regulations.

Those who spot risks concerning the security of core and common cryptography but do not take response measures or do not report them in time will be punished.

Also Read- Sri Lanka to Raise Funds for Children Affected by Easter Sunday Attacks

Moreover, those who sell or provide commercial cryptography products and services that are not examined or authenticated, or fail either procedure, will also be warned, fined or have their illicit gains confiscated. (IANS)

Next Story

Plan to Protect Corals in Gulf of Mexico Close to Becoming Law

Thirteen of the areas would carry new commercial fishing restrictions, and that has attracted the attention of fishing groups, who want the government

0
Corals, Gulf of Mexico, Law
FILE - In this July 20, 2010 file photo, a soft coral and a brittle star, which were collected from the Gulf of Mexico, are displayed at the Smithsonian Museum Support Center in Suitland, MD. VOA

A plan to protect corals in the Gulf of Mexico is close to becoming a law, drawing cheers from environmental groups who believe leaving the corals alone would help vulnerable ocean ecosystems to grow.

The plan would create 21 protected areas off the coasts of Texas, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida. Thirteen of the areas would carry new commercial fishing restrictions, and that has attracted the attention of fishing groups, who want the government to take a cautious approach.

Pew Charitable Trusts has characterized the plan as a way to protect nearly 500 square miles of slow-growing coral “hot spots,” and is championing the protection plan as a way to spare vulnerable corals from fishing gear. The proposal would prohibit gear such as bottom trawls and dredges that can disrupt the corals.

Sandra Brooke, an oceanographer and coral ecology expert at Florida State University’s Coastal and Marine Laboratory, said it’s important to spare the corals because of their importance to the marine environment and because they can have value for the development of new medicines.

Corals, Gulf of Mexico, Law
In this Sept. 4, 2009 photo provided by NOAA, corals are seen at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico. VOA

“If we continue squandering, we are going to end up in a really bad place, because we can’t replicate what nature can do,” Brooke said.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Marine Fisheries Service is taking comments about the proposal until Nov. 25.

The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council, a regulatory panel, approved the plan last year, but NOAA must still provide final approval.

NOAA Fisheries said in a statement that most of the areas slated to be protected are “extremely deep and fishing activity is sparse.” However, harvesters of valuable species such as grouper and snapper said they do fish in the areas.

Also Read- Cigarette Smoking Falls to Record Low in United States

Greg Abrams, owner of Greg Abrams Seafood in Panama City, Florida, said his company also harvests golden tilefish in some of the areas slated for closure. He said the change could represent a hardship.

“Each time you close the bottom or close the area, you put all the pressure on another area,” Abrams said.

Another fisherman, Destin, Florida-based Ariel Seafoods president David Krebs, said protecting the corals is wise as long as it’s done in a way that allows fishing groups to stay in business.

“I’m the guy who has watched, in his lifetime, different fisheries get fished down pretty hard and if it weren’t for regulations, we would not survive,” he said.

Corals, Gulf of Mexico, Law
The plan would create 21 protected areas off the coasts of Texas, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida. Pixabay

NOAA Fisheries has touted the proposal as a way to protect the corals while also sparing fish habitat from the impacts of commercial fishing. The agency has said that will ultimately support sustainable fisheries because it will improve the quality of ocean habitat where fish live, spawn and grow.

The corals provide shelter, breeding and feeding habitat for species that fishermen will ultimately rely upon for their catch, said Holly Binns, project director with Pew’s Conserving Marine Life effort.

Also Read- Now Flipkart to Collect Plastic Packaging from Doorstep

“We want to protect these corals because they are a habitat for these creatures that commercial fishermen who are targeting them need,” Binns said. “It’s incredibly important that we are protecting them before they get damaged.” (VOA)