Monday November 18, 2019
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China May Restrict Tech Access in Spiraling US Trade Dispute

The system will build a strong firewall to strengthen the nation's ability to innovate

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China, Technology, US
People try out Huawei smartphone models on display at an electronic store in Beijing, China, May 20, 2019. VOA

China is creating a system to protect its technology, according to state media, as the U.S. restricts the access of Chinese companies to American technology in a spiraling trade dispute.

The People’s Daily newspaper said Sunday that the system will build a strong firewall to strengthen the nation’s ability to innovate and to accelerate the development of key technologies.

“China … will never allow certain countries to use China’s technology to contain China’s development and suppress Chinese enterprises,”the main paper of the ruling Communist Party said, without directly referring to the United States.

No details have been released about what China is calling a national technological security management list. The plan was announced Saturday evening in a brief three-paragraph dispatch by the official Xinhua News Agency.

China, Technology, US

China is creating a system to protect its technology. Pixabay

The aim is to forestall and defuse national security risks more effectively, Xinhua said, adding that detailed measures would be unveiled in the near future.

The initiative follows U.S. moves to restrict sales to Huawei Technologies and other Chinese tech firms on national security grounds.

The U.S. Commerce Department last month added Huawei to its list of entities that are engaged in activities contrary to U.S. national security or foreign policy interests.

As such, any sale of U.S. technology to Huawei will require Commerce Department approval.

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China responded by saying its Commerce Ministry would develop its own list of foreign entities that it regards as “unreliable.” (VOA)

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Chatbots Are More Sucessful Than Humans for Certain Interactions

In the study published in Nature Machine Intelligence, the team asked almost 700 participants in an online cooperation game to interact with a human or an artificial partner

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Chatbots
A previous research has shown that humans prefer not to cooperate with intelligent Chatbots. Pixabay

As we embrace Alexa or Siri in our lives, researchers report that Chatbots are more successful than humans in certain human-machine interactions — but only if they are allowed to hide their non-human identity.

The artificial voices of Siri, Alexa or Google, and their often awkward responses, leave no room for doubt that we are not talking to a real person.

An international team, including Iyad Rahwan, Director of the Center for Humans and Machines at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, sought to find out whether cooperation between humans and machines is different if the machine purports to be human.

In the study published in Nature Machine Intelligence, the team asked almost 700 participants in an online cooperation game to interact with a human or an artificial partner.

In the game, known as the Prisoner’s Dilemma, players can either act egotistically to exploit the other player, or act cooperatively with advantages for both sides.

The findings showed that bots impersonating humans were more successful in convincing their gaming partners to cooperate.

Chatbots
As we embrace Alexa or Siri in our lives, researchers report that Chatbots are more successful than humans in certain human-machine interactions — but only if they are allowed to hide their non-human identity. Pixabay

As soon as they divulged their true identity, however, cooperation rates decreased.

“Translating this to a more realistic scenario could mean that help desks run by bots, for example, may be able to provide assistance more rapidly and efficiently if they are allowed to masquerade as humans,” the researchers wrote.

The society will have to negotiate the distinctions between the cases of human-machine interaction that require transparency and those where efficiency is key.

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A previous research has shown that humans prefer not to cooperate with intelligent bots. (IANS)