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All You Need To Know About China’s One Belt One Road (OBOR) Project

OBOR is also a part of China’s economic diplomacy strategy

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OBOR is China's attempt at improving their economic development.
OBOR is China's attempt at improving their economic development.
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By Ruchika Verma

  • One Road One Belt Initiative is A Chinese initiative to connect all Asian countries
  • The main motive is to connect all countries with which China shares a border
  • This will help China improve its economy

China’s OBOR or One belt one road initiative was released in 2013 and is one of the most expensive initiatives taken by China. OBOR initiative is China’s way of improving inter-border connectivity. The OBOR agreement has been signed by most of the countries with which China shares a border except for India.

All countries sharing border with China have signed the OBOR except for India.
All countries sharing a border with China have signed the OBOR except for India.

What exactly is One Road One Belt? 

Known as China’s President Xi Jinping’s most ambitious project, the One Belt One Road initiative focuses on improving connectivity and cooperation among Asian countries, Africa, and Europe. The belt and road initiative lays emphasis on enhancing the land and maritime routes. The policy aims to boost the domestic growth of China and is very crucial to the country as well.

Also Read: India China’s Fight Over the Doklam Plateau Explained

OBOR is also a part of China’s economic diplomacy strategy. Since China is no longer a part of G7, OBOR might provide China with an opportunity to continue its economic development.

There are two components to this project of China — the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) and the Maritime Silk Road (MSR).

OBOR is said to be Chinese President Xi Jinping's dream project. Twitter
OBOR is said to be Chinese President Xi Jinping’s dream project. Twitter

The SREB focuses on bringing China, Central Asia, Russia and Europe together and linking China with the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea through Central Asia and West Asia. The 21st-Century MSR goes from China’s coast to Europe through the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean in one route.

Why is India opposed to OBOR?

The main reason behind India’s opposition towards OBOR is the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). According to some reports, the launch of CPEC in Pakistan has helped China receive investments of worth more than $46 billion.

India oppose China's OBOR because of sovereignty issues.
India opposes China’s One Belt One Road because of sovereignty issues.

Also Read: Facts About PoK You Probably Didn’t Know Before

India doesn’t have any problem with OBOR but the CPEC through which it passes is a major concern. India has raised objections over CPEC citing sovereignty issues over the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK). China, however, has not tried to attenuate India’s concerns.

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U.S. Hacking From China On The Rise: U.S. Intelligence Official

The U.S. Congress is looking into the allegations of increased Chinese hacking activity.

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Cyber crime, U.S.
A man types on a computer keyboard in front of displayed cyber code in this illustration picture. VOA

A senior U.S. intelligence official said on Tuesday that Chinese cyber activity in the United States had risen in recent months, targeting critical infrastructure in what may be attempts to lay the groundwork for future disruptive attacks.

“You worry they are prepositioning against critical infrastructure and trying to be able to do the types of disruptive operations that would be the most concern,” National Security Agency official Rob Joyce said at a Wall Street Journal cybersecurity conference.

Joyce, a former White House cyber adviser for President Donald Trump, did not elaborate. A spokeswoman for the NSA said Joyce was referring to digital attacks against the U.S. energy, financial, transportation and healthcare sectors.

Bitcoin Price, Cryptocurrency surge, Computer, U.S.
Experts: Cyber attacks Growing Increasingly Sophisticated. Pixabay

The comments are notable because U.S. complaints about Chinese hacking have to date focused on espionage and intellectual property theft, not efforts to disrupt critical infrastructure.

China has repeatedly denied U.S. allegations it conducts cyber attacks.

Joyce’s remarks coincide with U.S. prosecutors preparing to unveil as early as this week a new round of criminal hacking charges against Chinese nationals. They are expected to charge that Chinese hackers were involved in a cyber espionage operation known as “Cloudhopper” targeting technology service providers and their customers, according to people familiar with the matter.

Also Read: The Secrets Of The North Korean Hacker Army

The U.S. Congress is looking into the allegations of increased Chinese hacking activity.

Senior officials from the Department of Homeland Security and Justice Department are scheduled to testify Wednesday morning at a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on “China’s Non-Traditional Espionage Against the United States: The Threat and Potential Policy Responses.” (VOA)