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Chocolate may disappear in a few years due to global temperatures

Experts have warned that increase in warmer global temperatures and dryer weather conditions could see chocolate disappear by as early as 2050.

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Chocolate may disappear in few years due to global temperatures
Chocolate may disappear in few years due to global temperatures. Wikimedia
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London, Jan 2, 2018: With warmer global temperatures and dryer weather conditions threatening the survival of the fragile cocoa plant, which could see chocolate disappear by as early as 2050, scientists are exploring the possibility of using the gene-editing technology CRISPR to evolve crops that can survive environmental challenges.

Scientists from the University of California are teaming up with food and candy company Mars to explore CRISPR technique to help tiny cocao seedlings to survive and thrive in the dryer, warmer climate, Businessinsider.com reported.

Experts have warned that increase in warmer global temperatures and dryer weather conditions could see chocolate disappear by as early as 2050.

Chocolates may get disappeared by 2050.
Chocolates may get disappeared by 2050. VOA

The cacao tree — which produces cocoa beans — can only grow within a narrow strip of rain forested land roughly 20 degrees north and south of the Equator, where temperature, rain, and humidity all stay relatively constant throughout the year.

However, the fragile plant is under threat from diseases and a changing climate that will suck moisture from the soil and make it impossible to produce a good crop in many regions around the world by 2050, the Sun reported.

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, by 2050 the rising temperatures will push the chocolate-growing regions of the world more than 1,000 feet uphill into mountainous terrain — much of which is currently preserved for wildlife.

The problem is most cocoa is produced by poor families who cannot afford fertilisers and pesticides, the experts noted.

“More than 90 per cent of the global cocoa crop is produced by smallholders on subsistence farms with unimproved planting material,” Doug Hawkins, of Hardman Agribusiness — a London based capital markets advisory services firm — was quoted as saying to the Sun.

“All the indicators are that we could be looking at a chocolate deficit of 100,000 tons a year in the next few years,” Hawkins added. (IANS)

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2016 Warmest Year in United Kingdom (UK) Since 1850, says a British Official

Data for 2016 showed a current value of 0.84 degrees Celsius above the average for the 30-year period between 1961 and 1990

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People in Summer, VOA

London, Nov 15, 2016: Britain’s Met Office said that 2016 was on track to be the warmest year since instrumental records started in 1850.

If confirmed, when the final results are compiled at the end of the year, 2016 will be the third consecutive year of exceptionally-high average surface global temperatures, the Met office announced on Monday.

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“All of the warmest 10 years on record for global average surface temperature have occurred since 1997, according to a series data which begins in 1850,” said a spokesman.

Data for 2016 showed a current value of 0.84 degrees Celsius above the average for the 30-year period between 1961 and 1990.

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Professor Peter Stott of the Met Office, said: “Three record-breaking years for global temperature would be remarkable. The year 2015 was exceptionally warm and, like 2016, was influenced by the warm El Nino circulation in the tropical Pacific.”

The Met Office announcement coincides with a statement from the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) which says preliminary data shows that 2016’s global temperatures are approximately 1.2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

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The year 2016 is the second year running that global average surface temperatures have exceeded 1.0 degree Celsius on record since 1850.

The WMO figure for global average surface temperature from January to September 2016 has been about 0.88 degrees Celsius above the 1961 to 1990 reference period. (IANS)

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