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Cinema: How the Idea Turned into Reality!

Cinema was moving from an insecure business to a well established entertainment industry

Turning of cinema into a reality
Eadweard Muybridge captures movement, the beginning of cinema. Wikimedia
“Films can heal! Not the world, of course, but our vision of it, and that’s already enough.” – Wim Wenders

New Delhi, July 19, 2017: The history of cinema dates back to the end of 1800. It was in 1827 that the first still photograph was taken, and in 1878 that Eadweard Muybridge succeeded in capturing movement after five years of continued efforts. Muybridge was asked to settle a bet as to whether horses hooves left the ground when they galloped. He showed this by setting up a bank of twelve cameras with trip-wires connected to their shutters, with each camera taking one picture when the horse tripped its wire. Muybridge developed a projector to present his finding. By 1891, Thomas A. Edison and his assistant W.K.L Dickson invented their Kinetograph camera, and after two years build a studio to produce films from it.

However, The Lumière family remained the biggest manufacturer of photographic plates in Europe. Brothers Louis and Auguste were once asked to make films which were cheaper than the ones sold by Edison. Louis and Auguste, eventually, designed a camera which served as both a recording device and a projecting device and called it the Cinématographe. The camera shot films at sixteen frames per second, against the forty-six which Edison used. Sixteen frames per second became the standard film rate for nearly 25 years.

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Until 1927, there was no sound included in the motion pictures. Motion pictures emphasized just on movement in their first phase. This era is referred to as the silent era of film. There with practically no plot or story either. One of the earliest movie “La Sortie des ouvriers de l’usine Lumière” (Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory), a documentary in its most elemental form, showed exactly what the name of the film suggests, a single shot of dozens of men and women, all of whom happen to be wearing hats, leaving a factory for the day. People in Paris were delighted by the early Lumiere presentations, drawing huge crowds.

The first few years of the motion pictures showed the cinema moving from an insecure business to an established large scale entertainment industry.

David Wark Griffith, One of the most dynamic early directors, produced literally hundreds of one-reelers in the period from 1908 to 1912. Griffith and others in the industry wanted to do something different than the regular but the owners were reluctant to change the style of limited story telling. For this reason, they moved to a rural area near Los Angeles. It was at this place, Hollywood, that Griffith and others began to work with long feature films, and eventually, Griffith happened to produce the first full-length feature film, “Birth of a Nation”.

Many countries after that started to get involved in serious film production. Russia began its film industry in 1908. In Italy, production was spread over a number of centres. In Northern Europe, Denmark was the most important film producing country. The Indian film production, as the centenary celebrations suggest, began in 1913. But as a matter of fact, from about 1910, American films share the largest market in all European countries except France.

Cinema indeed was an idea that turned into reality, in fact, a sophisticated reality. It has undergone, without a shadow of doubt, a long course of research, creation and innovation, and because of that, it stands where it is now.

– by Samiksha Goel of NewsGram. Twitter @goel_samiksha

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End of 2018 Will See At least 5 LED Cinema Screens By Samsung

The screen offers "Onyx" surround sound from JBL by Harman International and Samsung's Audio Lab.

Samsung to conduct research to help reduce stress in school kids. Flickr

Samsung India is looking to install about five of its 4K Onyx Cinema LED displays at movie theatres across the country by the end of 2018, a senior company executive has said.

The South Korean tech giant introduced the LED display for large screens in collaboration with the multiplex theatre major PVR Cinemas in India on Monday.

“This is our first installation and we are trying to go further and install many more screens in the country. Roughly 5-7 installations (in India) is what we are looking at before we exit 2018,” Puneet Sethi, Vice President, Consumer Electronics Enterprise Business, Samsung India, told IANS.

IANS had first reported in May that PVR Cinemas will be among the first multiplex chains to install Onyx Cinema LED in the country and that the LED screen would be deployed at PVR multiplexes in Delhi and Mumbai.

Samsung, India
Regal Cinema in New Delhi, the oldest single-screen theatre will down its operation. Wikimedia Commons

“To begin within India, we are concentrating only on Delhi and Mumbai. As we get into the first quarter of 2019, we will also focus on other metro cities such as Bengaluru, Pune and Hyderabad,” Sethi said.

“We are in discussion with other leading multiplex chains as well,” Sethi added.

The technology was originally introduced by Samsung in 2017 and it deployed the first screen in Korea.

PVR Cinemas said it would install the 4K Onyx Cinema LED screen in Mumbai by the end of 2018.

“This financial year we are looking at one more installation, which will be in Lower Parel, Mumbai,” said Sanjeev Kumar Bijli, Joint Managing Director, PVR Ltd.

The installation of one LED screen roughly requires 8-10 weeks.

The technology was originally introduced by Samsung in 2017 and it deployed the first screen in Korea.

“Based on the response of viewers in these two cities, we would decide about further installations in 2019,” Bijli added.

With this new technology, currently available only in a few countries around the world, enthusiasts can watch movies with better picture quality, true colours, and greater vibrancy and accuracy, Samsung India claimed.

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The LED display comes with comprehensive solutions such as “Onyx View”, “Onyx 3D” and “Onyx Sound”. The screen delivers HDR (High Dynamic Range) to the cinema, showcasing on-screen contents at peak brightness level, nearly 10 times greater than that offered by the standard cinema projectors.

The screen offers “Onyx” surround sound from JBL by Harman International and Samsung’s Audio Lab. (IANS)