Get subscribed to our newsletter
Get interesting updates to your email inbox.
Does fighting climate change mean wrecking the economy?
That’s the question my editor posed to me about a year ago. It has been the focus of my reporting ever since.
The rhetoric from climate change skeptics suggests it would. President Donald Trump has made canceling Obama-era greenhouse gas regulations a central part of his tenure. Economic rationales are always front and center.
Meanwhile, Democratic presidential candidates say they will create millions of jobs by transforming the energy system to carbon-free sources.
Job killer or job creator? Leaving aside for the moment the fact that climate change is already imposing enormous costs that are only becoming worse, I went looking for answers in Massachusetts, Wyoming and Colorado.
Here’s some of what I learned. It’s not simple. And much remains to be seen.
1. Where steps have been taken, the economy has kept growing.
Take Massachusetts, for example. The Bay State passed the Global Warming Solutions Act in 2008, calling for an 80% reduction in greenhouse gases from 1990 levels by 2050. Massachusetts requires power plants to pay for their carbon dioxide emissions. The state was among the first to require power companies to generate a certain portion of their electricity from renewable sources. The government offers rebates and incentives for renewable energy, energy efficiency, electric vehicles and more.
Greenhouse gas emissions have come down by 17% from 2008 to 2017 in the state.
Meanwhile, Massachusetts’ economy has continued to grow. The state’s total output went up by 19% in that period, outperforming U.S. economic expansion as a whole by 3% in that time frame.
Employment went up in Massachusetts by 9%. The state has invested in growing a clean-energy economy. Jobs in renewable energy, energy efficiency and related areas have grown by 86% since 2010 and now make up more than 3% of the state’s workforce.
It’s hard to know, though, to what extent the state’s climate policies were responsible for either the greenhouse gas reductions or economic growth. From 2008 to 2017, carbon emissions went down in every state but six: Idaho, Nebraska, North Dakota, Mississippi, Texas and Washington. GDP shrank in just four states: Connecticut, Louisiana, Nevada and Wyoming.
That’s largely because cutting carbon has become much easier to do with the rise of natural gas and renewable power.
2. Some of the most significant greenhouse gas reductions have happened not because of state policies but because of dramatic shifts in energy markets.
The biggest factor lowering carbon dioxide emissions nationwide is that natural gas has replaced coal as the main fuel for electric power plants.
Burning natural gas generates the same amount of energy with half the carbon dioxide emissions as coal. The price of natural gas has plunged as drilling technology has made the United States the world’s leading producer. That has helped drive a wave of fuel-switching at power plants across the United States. Coal generation fell 40% from 2008 to 2017, while natural gas climbed 47%.
Renewable energy is growing quickly, but it still makes up a small portion of the power supply. Wind generated just 6.5% of the nation’s electricity last year. Solar produced 2.2%.
Wind and solar are starting to give fossil fuels serious competition, though. After dramatic cost declines over the last decade, these sources are now significantly cheaper than coal and often cheaper than natural gas, even without subsidies.
They need to replace fossil fuel generation much faster, however, in order to take a serious bite out of emissions.
3. Some good jobs are going away. Dealing with the changes is not easy.
Powering the nation is not the job it used to be. Coal once generated more than half the nation’s electricity. Coal mines and power plants are mostly unionized. The jobs pay well and provide good benefits for workers without a higher education.
Coal mining, however, employs 42% fewer workers than in 2011. More than 300 coal-burning power plants have closed or are slated to be shuttered.
There are growing opportunities in renewable energy and energy efficiency. The solar industry employed 242,000 people in 2018, for example, about 45,000 more than the coal industry.
The jobs are not equivalent. Many solar installation jobs are not unionized, don’t pay as well and have fewer benefits than those for people working at coal plants. And a solar farm doesn’t need many workers once it’s built, while a coal plant can steadily employ hundreds.
Workers hurt by the energy transition are a small part of the overall economy. But coal mines and power plants tend to be in rural areas without much else in the way of industry. When these jobs go away, the pain is localized but intense.
Some policymakers are trying to blunt the impacts. Last year, Colorado was one of several states that passed laws aimed at cutting greenhouse gas emissions and included provisions for a “just transition” — job retraining, economic development aid and other measures to help workers and communities find a life after fossil fuels.
4. No one is doing enough.
The plunge in coal-fired power helped the United States cut its emissions by an estimated 2.1% in 2018. Since 2005, emissions are down 12.3%.
But the United States pledged to cut greenhouse gases at least 26% by 2025 under the U.N. Paris climate agreement. Emissions must go down by 2.8% per year on average to hit that target. It’s not impossible, experts say, but it’s a stretch.
The Trump administration is moving policy in the opposite direction, aiming to weaken fuel economy standards for vehicles, approving construction of a new oil pipeline from Canada and vowing to shore up America’s coal industry.
Meeting the Paris pledge is not enough, however. Scientists say the world needs to get to zero carbon emissions by 2050 to stave off a climate disaster. Almost no one is on track to do so.
Unless cost-effective carbon capture technology appears soon, natural gas will have to go. Transportation, the largest source of U.S. greenhouse gases, will have to go electric (or hydrogen or biofuel) much, much faster than it is. And someone will have to figure out what to do about emissions from energy-intensive industries like glass, steel, aluminum and concrete.
Does fighting climate change mean wrecking the economy? Not necessarily. But the steps taken so far will not stop the climate impacts we’re already seeing from becoming much worse.
Can we stop climate change before it’s too late? No one has all the answers yet.
But something must be done. Each new climate-related disaster shows the cost of inaction is mounting. (VOA)
BY DEVIKANANDA JI
ॐ पितृदेवार्चितभूम्यै नमः
(Piṫa: Father; Archiṫa: One who is honored or worshipped)
In Sanskrit, the word pita means- one who protects. The Taiṫṫirīya Upanishad declares that the father is only next to the mother and should be honored like a god; without the father, you don't exist. This is proper since he gives birth, education and culture to his offspring. According to the smrutis, it is the father who performs the upanayana sacrament and imparts the sacred Gāyatrī mantra to his sons. According to some dharma śhāstra works, the following are pitās or fathers:- anna dāta (one who gives food); bhayatrāta (one who protects from dangers); śvaśura (father-in-law); janita (father) upaneta (one who performs upanayana).
Only in the Vedic tradition do we equate the father with god and honor and respect him. He is responsible for your birth and without his dhāṫu (sperm) you don't exist. He also provides food, shelter, and a roof over your head. He provides worldly knowledge for you to survive in the world. Without a father, you don't have a wife or mother because without him, they also don't exist. Every human being according to Hinduism, is said to be born under three ruṇas or debts. Among these is pitruruṇam. This ruṇa can be paid by marrying according to dharma and having a son who will perform śrāddhas to the pitrus or departed ancestors, thereby appeasing them. For Hindus, the father is honored and worshipped as a god and his children serve him in his old age.
From Vedic times to the beginning of Kaliyuga, and even today there are children who follow the father's occupation and keep the family business or tradition. From the father we inherit some traits, gotram, and family name. A father also has the burden and responsibility to maintain his life style according to dharmaśhāstrās because his children are going to look up to him and imitate him. In the great epic Mahābhārata, Yakṣha (a semi-divine being) asks Yudhishṭara, the eldest of the Pāndavās what the ātman (soul) is for the father. Yudhishṭara replies that 'putra ātmā manushyaśya' meaning- the son is the ātman for the father. He adds that -father is higher than the sky.
Our mother land has the culture of honoring and worshiping the father and is 'Pitrudevārchita Bhūmi'.
(Key Words: Father, God, Family, Vedas, Vedic, Tradition, Hinduism)
Bollywood actor Arjun Kapoor was never really keen on exploring horror comedy but the story of 'Bhoot Police' pushed him to try his hand at the genre. The actor said, "It's not a genre that I was looking for, script-wise. When I heard it, when I read it, what worked for me was the camaraderie between the brothers, the friction and the banter between them. So I quite liked the friction, the brotherhood and at the same time the love-hate relationship and the witty tone."
The film is set for its world TV premiere on Star Gold.Unsplash
He further said, "There was a certain canvas and a certain color created in the script itself, so my decision to say yes to the film came from the director's vision, and thankfully it came at a point where I knew the passion Saif had, also because everybody knew in the industry he is so bullish on the script." On his camaraderie with Arjun in the film, Saif mentioned, "Arjun and I have a relationship off-camera too; he is a family friend and we have known each other for ages! On camera, we don't take each other for granted and bring out the best we can. We had a good time working together and that shows in the movie."
The film is set for its world TV premiere on Star Gold, sharing his excitement for the premiere, Arjun said, "I cannot wait for the audiences to enjoy the World TV Premiere of our movie, 'Bhoot Police' on 23 January, Sunday at 8 PM on Star Gold." The 'Ishaqzaade' actor added, "'Bhoot Police' is an ideal family watch. Usually, horror-comedies are not children-friendly. But Bhoot Police is the kind of film the whole family can watch together over dinner. It is not often that you get a film that is mildly frightening and can be watched with the whole family. The kids will definitely enjoy watching the movie with their family!"
The actor said, "It's not a genre that I was looking for, script-wise."Unsplash
Speaking about her role in 'Bhoot Police', Yami Gautam said, "The character Maya that I play in 'Bhoot Police' was physically challenging. We had to shoot under tough weather conditions because the cold was bitter. There were a lot of outdoor sequences and keeping the light and weather in mind, we had to pack a lot within a day, every day." She continued, "Whenever I am in Himachal, I feel a sense of belonging; when I see the sunrise, those snow-capped mountains despite long tiring night shoots. It is my birthplace and shall always have a special place in my heart." (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : Arjun Kapoor, Yami Gautam, Saif Ali Khan, Bhoot Police, horror comedy, challenging, weather, mountains, genre, script, director, camera, movie.)
- Alexandre Aja's Love for Horror Lead to Great Success - NewsGram ... ›
- Top 10 Bollywood horror movies which will rob your sleep at night ... ›
Are you still doing things the incorrect way when it comes to working out? Whether you realise it or not, the correct sports bra or leggings can help you achieve your fitness objectives faster or perhaps exceed them. This is something that a high-performance athlete sincerely believes in. Because it's critical to choose clothing that suits your needs in order to achieve the desired result.
This is the era of flexible work schedules and rapid acceptance of a healthy way of living. Everyone is becoming more aware of the importance of keeping good mental and physical fitness, and the sportswear business is now helping to make their lives easier. When you feel good about yourself while working out, it motivates you to go above and beyond. Fitness aficionados today not only exercise at home, but also go to the gym or participate in sports on a regular basis. Comfortable, performance-oriented clothing underpinned by the latest advancements has become a need.
Also Read : How to choose a workout that fits your needs
Consumers nowadays seek out sports equipment, wearables, and accessories that will keep them ahead of the game and provide them with the feeling of a high-performance athlete. Adaptable gear like leggings, sweatpants, and activewear have fast become integral components of everyone's professional wardrobes as business is conducted in a hybrid arrangement, i.e. both from home and from the workplace.
Clothing must develop to assist clients effortlessly move throughout their day as fitness evolves and becomes more accessible. Apparel with cleverly designed pockets, mesh ventilation in crucial areas, binding apparel for no-ride-up yoga sessions, and other types of enclosures and supports to assist you work out without discomfort are all becoming more common. These garments have been tried and tested by thousands of customers, who have liked and used them. It has now become a way of life for them. For runners and gym goers all over the world, products like shorts with phone pockets have become standard.
Comfort is style, independence.Unsplash
Comfort is confidence
Comfort is style, independence, and the self-assurance we project, all of which contribute to our ability to grow and adapt. The most basic requirements a buyer looks for when investing in comfortable clothing and athleisure are maneuverability, fit, and fabric quality. Varied people have different definitions of comfort. While some high-intensity users prefer lighter, thinner, and faster drying materials so that they may exercise without smelling or sweating, others prefer non-clingy, heavier fabrics that give them the courage to exercise without fear of being seen. Stretch has also become a must in sportswear to ensure that users are not restricted in their movements. Our full stretch dry fit pants, stretch daily shorts, and high stretch power leggings are among the most popular.
Activewear - All day wear
Times and lifestyles have evolved since the pandemic, and this hybrid environment need adaptable attire. Dry-fit cotton or cotton-like clothes with good stretch, a casual look but a very functional appeal has become the norm in recent years. Leggings have evolved into an all-day, all-time wear for women, and goods like our leggings with phone pockets have been a big popular with active-wear clients. Similarly, for men, stretch daily pants and cotton joggers with basic yet elegant designs, as well as a comfortable form and utilitarian appeal, have become commonplace.
Stretch daily shorts, and high stretch power leggings are among the most popular.Unsplash
In this new period, times have changed, requirements have changed, and the entire community's perspective has altered. The acceptability and demand for clothes that fits in all life situations and makes you feel confident while wearing it will result in a worldwide and domestic market revolution. The activity and sportswear market is on the verge of a revolution, and firms that understand client needs and provide gear that meets them will thrive. Some firms are already concentrating on tackling this issue and bringing about a true market revolution. As a result, people now have the option of purchasing apparel that effortlessly fits with their lifestyle and provides not only exceptional performance but also excellent comfort during their busy hobbies. (IANS/SP)
(Keywords : innovation, apparel, fitness, goal, clothing, requirement, community, perspective, athleisure, healthy.)