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Climate change taking toll on marine resources: Scientist

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Kochi: Climate change is taking a toll on fishery resources, with the consequent ocean warming and the rise of the sea level posing multiple threats to the marine ecosystem, a leading marine scientist said here on Thursday.

“The scientific community has to take steps to develop adequate technologies to reduce carbon footprints and international collaboration is necessary to undertake advanced research to tackle the issues being faced by the marine ecosystem,” B. Madhusoodana Kurup, vice chancellor of Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (KUFOS), said at the Indo-EU workshop on marine ecosystem and climate in India.

The workshop was jointly organised by KUFOS and the Nansen Environmental Research Centre-India (NERCI) under the EU-INDO-MARECLIM project of the European Union.

“Climate change has direct impact on ocean resources. The consequent rise of sea surface temperature and habitat destruction are causing the disappearance of commercially important fish species,” he said.

“There are scientific challenges for ecologists, economists, and other social scientists, in understanding how human actions affect ecosystems, the provision of ecosystem services, and the value of those services.

“An effective strategy should be designed to manage, monitor and provide incentives that reflect the social values of ecosystem services,” said Kurup.

N.R. Menon, coordinator of the INDO-MARECLIM project and co-Chairman of NERCI, said the objective of the workshop was to establish scientific cooperation of India and the EU member states in areas of monsoon studies, protection of marine ecosystem and coastal zone management.

“The meet is aimed at initiating a tie-up with Europe to undertake serious research in these areas,” said Menon.

The INDO-MARECLIM project envisages developing an institutional network in India to embark on joint research ventures from a case to case basis.

The project aims at facilitating and improving cooperation between the EU members states, associated countries and India.

(IANS)

 

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Countries in Climate Talks Move to Produce a Draft To Combat Climate Change

The text still contains some wording in brackets, denoting it has yet to be agreed, but less than previous drafts.

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United Nations, Global warming
Participants take part in plenary session during COP24 U.N. Climate Change Conference 2018 in Katowice, Poland. VOA

Negotiators from nearly 200 countries produced a draft text Thursday on how to implement the Paris Agreement on combating global warming, but some disputes remain with only one day left before the official end of the conference.

The presidency of the climate talks in Katowice, Poland, had asked for a draft of the final package to be ready by Thursday afternoon after almost two weeks of negotiations, but work continued into the evening to get it ready.

The draft lays out options on ways to implement the 2015 Paris pact which aims to limit global warming to “well below” two degrees Celsius.

“We can implement the Paris Agreement as you all designed it. It is now time to move forward. We need to move. Climate change will not wait for us,” Poland’s Michal Kurtyka, president of the talks, told delegates.

Climate Talks, global warming
COP24 President Michal Kurtyka speaks during the opening of the COP24 U.N. Climate Change Conference 2018 in Katowice, Poland. VOA

Ministers are expected to continue working on sticking points through the night into Friday.

Disputes over finance have been a stumbling block at the talks, as well as monitoring and reporting countries’ efforts to reduce emissions. The United States, which intends to withdraw from the pact, is trying to ensure a level playing field for U.S. businesses against China.

“Money is the most difficult part of it. This is all money talk. This (meeting) is about technical decisions although it turned political,” one delegate told Reuters.

Groups of small island states and poorer countries, representing over 920 million people, issued a statement to Kurtyka expressing their frustration with the slow pace and lack of ambition of the talks.

“(We are) deeply concerned over the direction in which the outcomes … are heading,” the statement said, adding that a robust rulebook is needed to ensure ambitious emissions cuts are made.

United Nations, global warming
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres addresses during the opening of COP24 UN Climate Change Conference 2018 in Katowice, Poland, Dec. 3, 2018. VOA

The text still contains some wording in brackets, denoting it has yet to be agreed, but less than previous drafts.

Also Read: U.N. Chief Returns To Climate Talks To Hopefully Reach a Deal With Countries

The talks are formally scheduled to end Friday, but in the past they have often over-run into the weekend. (VOA)