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Before we step into the resolution of sleep deprivation, let us take a look at what is sleep deprivation, its causes, symptoms and effects. Simply put, sleep deprivation is the inability of the brain to enter the restful state of sleep due to external stimuli.
You can be sleep deprived for various reasons but the after effects are usually the same:
- Impaired memory retention and cognitive ability: This is usually earmarked by your inability to focus on your tasks which affects your grades or work performance that further pushes into anxiety. It is a vicious cycle.
Physical and mental fatigue: Not getting ample sleep can affect your physical as well as mental health. A body which is not well rested naturally feels lethargic and can also be subjected to aches, discomfort and sometimes, even diarrhea. On the other hand, a mind that did not get enough rest is easily prone to hypertension & high blood pressure
- Temperamental nature: This is hypertension in a veil as lack of sleep handicaps your mental ability to rationally analyze things around and have the patience to understand stuff. You are too tired for that. In some cases, it also leads to paranoia and hallucinations
- Hormonal Impact: Intermittent or no sleep can heavily impact your sleep cycle which inturn affects hormones like thyroid hormone as well as the growth hormone that can sometimes lead to infertility.
Causes of Sleep Deprivation
Sleep deprivation is caused when someone is unable to get the required amount of sleep every night. To give you a context, following lists the number of hours required by a certain age group to experience a restful sleep.
- Newborns (0 to 3 months): 14-17 hours
- Infants (4 to 11 months): 12- 15 hours
- Toddlers (1 to 2 years): 11-14 hours
- Preschoolers (3 to 5 years): 10-13 hours
- School-age children (6 to 13 years): 9 – 11 hours
- Teenagers (14 to 17 years): 8-10 hours
- Adults (18 to 64 years): 7 -9 hours
- Older adults (65+ years): 7-8 hours
For some, insomnia, sleep apnea or sleep deprivation is a product of their body functions like hormonal imbalances or physical discomfort that probes into the quality of the sleep and disrupts it.
Many believe that instead of sleeping, they can utilize their time much better to achieve their goals. These goals can vary from person to person but the common denominator remains the same- sleep deprived mind and body.
Improper Bed Accessories
While many do not consider the importance of a good bed accessory, it is vital in ensuring that your sleep remains intermittent. If you are a back sleeper, a double memory foam mattress will work better than a coir mattress as it will alleviate any pressure from your spine. Since mattresses are an investment in your health, you can also ensure their quality and longevity by encasing in a nectar mattress protector.
Intentional Sleep Deprivation
This category usually comprises teenagers and young adults who stay up late, often in pursuit of entertainment, and wake up early due to commitments to school or offices. This cuts their sleep time and tunes the brain into sleeping late which makes it lethargic and tired most of the time.
Sometimes, people do not have the option of getting restful sleep. It might be because of their current circumstances, their obligations, or a hectic job schedule. Such disturbances can also lead to intermittent sleep which can culminate in sleep deprivation.
Combating Sleep Deprivation
Calendar a rest schedule
A scheduled sleep routine helps you to rest better by setting your body’s natural cycle. Our body is structured in an exceptionally interesting manner. Every last one of us has an in-constructed administrative framework known as the circadian musicality. This specific cadence sets your body’s necessities so that you are dynamic for the duration of the day, however lethargic around evening time. Following a similar schedule, each day will regularize your timetable. Also, guarantee that you get a decent 7-9 hours of rest. Essentially, make an effort not to hit the hay with a great deal of pressure and other work, rather mitigate it 30 minutes before you hit the sheets.
Being presented to light can frequently negatively affect your rest cycle. The more presented you are to light, the harder you’d discover it to nod off. This is the place Melatonin – a normally happening hormone constrained by light presentation which controls your rest wake cycle. Melatonin is emitted when you’re uninformed, causing you to feel lethargic, though, during the day, it’s less. This likewise motivations to for what reason you’d tend you feel alert during the day.
Improve your rest condition
The condition that you snooze assumes a significant job in your rest cycle. From your draperies to your blanket to your adjustable bed frame, each and everything in your room assumes a base job as in upgrades your rest schedule. While each of these can support your inventiveness stylishly, it is additionally significant that you keep your bedding on point. A solid bedding can enhance your rest design, particularly when you have an extraordinary pair of cushion and a comfortable cover to suit your solace level.
Exercise and Eat Well
This is one of the most notable and viable approaches to improve your rest design. Get that on the off chance that you have a reasonable dinner with sufficient exercise, you’re bound to engage in a more advantageous rest cycle, in this manner bringing about a decent night’s rest. As you enjoy a more advantageous way of life, you will have the option to concentrate on your everyday exercises, which will in the long run increment your degree of profitability for the duration of the day.
Breathe In, Breathe Out
As straightforward as it may be, simply relax. Take long full breaths and discharging it can in a flash initiate an unwinding reaction so that your pulse, circulatory strain and feelings of anxiety decline. With this being stated, you are bound to float off to rest. Breathing makes space for reflection as well as assists fight with offing a sleeping disorder. What’s, significantly more, is that you’ll nod off better as and when you train yourself to inhale simply.
"In India, to be born as a man is a crime, to question a woman is an atrocious crime, and this all because of those women who keep suppressing men in the name of feminism."
Feminism, a worldwide movement that started to establish, define and defend equal rights for women in all sections- economically, politically, and socially. India, being a patriarchal society gives a gender advantage to the men in the society thus, Indian feminists sought to fight against the culture-specific issue for women in India. Feminism itself is nothing but a simple movement that pursues equal rights for women (including transwomen) and against misogyny both external and internal. It states nowhere that women should get more wages than men, that women deserve more respect than men, that's pseudo-feminism.
Pseudo feminists state that women deserve more respect and rights, any other gender deserves no respect. They feel that women should be the ones ruling the world and at higher positions. When feminism takes a turn for extremities it becomes pseudo-feminism and people who label themselves as feminists will bash anyone who speaks against even the wrongdoings of a woman. They'll bash women who're wife and sisters for not speaking up and support any women criticizing political leaders even if it's completely irrational. This is where hypocrisy and pseudo-feminism merge with each other.
They take advantage of the rights given to women to protect themselves to threaten other genders. The rights given to women are supposed to make them feel reassured that they can reach out to the judiciary if their rights are being hampered not to threaten to make the victim sound like the culprit.
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Indian Feminist Movement has made significant progress however, even in the modern world women are still unsafe and are discriminated against when it comes to getting a job, land ownership, and access to education. While filling the official papers it is still asked "Wife of /Daughter of:….."
People in India still continue the practice of sex-selective abortion, abandoning the girl child, not letting girl child study instead they should learn household chores, they are seen as a burden to the family. Such injustices make feminism such an important movement, gender equality is worth fighting for to create a safe environment for women. Feminists over the years have been criticized for focusing on the rights of privileged women and not giving equal representation to poorer and lower caste women, which has led to separate caste-specific feminist organizations and movements.
Some notable milestones in the Feminist Movement
- Raja Ram Mohan Roy campaigned against Sati Pratha (practice in which a widow sacrificed herself by sitting atop her deceased husband's funeral pyre) and child marriage
- Savitribai Phule started the first school for girls at Bhidewada in Pune city in 1848.
- In 1972, SEWA, the biggest trade union for women was set up by Ela Bhatt for women working in the informal sector.
- The Chipko Movement was launched and led by women in 1973.
- #MeToo movement against sexual harassment and abuse was started in 2006 and revived in the year 2015.
People in India still continue the practice of sex-selective abortion, abandoning the girl child, not letting girl child study instead they should learn household chores, they are seen as a burden to the family.Unsplash
Feminism is often misunderstood as pseudo-feminism and hence, becomes the target for public hatred and is accused of wronging other genders under the façade of feminism. It is misunderstood by Indians as female domination instead of gender equality. Indian society and Indian feminists believe that only men are perpetrators of a heinous crime like rape and they refuse to even recognize the men who say they were raped and it's the toxic masculinity in the society that believes how can a woman rape a man? Reality is different from what we believe, women can be the perpetrator too, women threaten to file a case of domestic violence, or sexual assault against innocent people just to fulfill their ego.
Thankfully feminism and pseudo feminism are two separate concepts and feminism is just about equality and not judgment. Indian society and feminists actually need to understand the difference between the two and stop tarnishing the Feminist Movement as a whole.
Keywords: Feminism, World, India, Pseudo-Feminism, Gender
Kerala is a land of many good things. It has an abundance of nature, culture, art, and food. It is also a place of legend and myth, and is known for its popular folklore, the legend of Yakshi. This is not a popular tale outside the state, but it is common knowledge for travellers, especially those who fare through forests at night.
The legend of the yakshi is believed to be India's equivalent of the Romanian Dracula, except of course, the Yakshi is a female. Many Malayalis believe that the Yakshi wears a white saree and had long hair. She has a particular fragrance, which is believed to be the fragrance of the Indian devil-tree flowers. She seduces travellers with her beauty, and kills them brutally.
Yakshi idol in Veroor, Sri Dharamashastha temple Image source: wikimedia commons
The Yakshi is believed to live in a palm tree which can appear like a palace. Victims are taken here before they are killed. Travellers on highways are often advised not to stop near heavily forested areas, or speak to anyone who closely resembles a Yakshi. Some believe she can change form, while other hold to the belief that she doesn't. after securing her victim, the only trace left behind is body parts like hair, nails, and teeth.
They say, like other ghosts, a Yakshi's feet will not touch the ground. This is something to look out for. Mysterious deaths have been reported across the rural areas in Kerala, and all these have been attributed to the legend.
Keywords: Legends, Yakshi, Urban legend, Ghost, Kerala, Myth, Vampire
The LGBTQ+ acronym stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and others. In India LGBTQ+ community also include a specific social group, part religious cult, and part caste: the Hijras. They are culturally defined either as "neither men nor women" or as men who become women by adopting women's dress and behavior. Section 377 of the India Penal code that criminalized all sexual acts "against the order of nature" i.e. engaging in oral sex or anal sex along with other homosexual activities were against the law, ripping homosexual people off of their basic human rights. Thus, the Indian Supreme Court ruled a portion of Section 377 unconstitutional on 6th September 2018.
But the question is, "was India always against homosexuality"? Has the concept of homosexuality being unnatural existed forever? No, in Indian history and Hinduism homosexuality has never been an offense, in fact in several instances it has been depicted how people embraced their identity, be it sexual identity or gender identity. Section 377 was brought to India by the British in 1862, while India was colonized. Even after the Independence, it was only in 2018 that the Supreme Court ruled it as irrational and illogical.
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Homosexuality in Ancient India
When Supreme Court decriminalized homosexuality in India, there was an uproar about it being a western ideology and liberalism. But in reality, homosexuality has existed since the time of the Vedas. The Gay and Lesbian Vaishnava Association (GALVA) researched and discovered that it was around 3102 B.C. (during the Vedic Age) that homosexuality or non-normative sexual identity was recognized as "Tritiya Prakriti", or the third nature. Ancient India not only made mentions of homosexuality but accepted it as well.
Hinduism is the most vastly followed religion in India. Hinduism does not explicitly mention homosexuality however it does contain a homosexual theme and characters in its text. There have been various instances in our scriptures and texts that have introduced us to LGBT+ characters such as the androgynous form of Shiva and Parvati Ardhanariswara meaning "the half-female lord". One of the most popular and ancient texts on sexuality, eroticism, and emotional fulfillment of life, "Kamasutra" has a complete chapter dedicated to homosexuality and homosexual sex. Numerous Hindu sculptures and temples have statues depicting homosexual activities.
Numerous Hindu sculptures and temples have statues depicting homosexual activities. Facebook
Our Mughals were Queer
Mughals are often seen under the light of cruelty, rigid ethics, nobility, and polygamy. Simultaneously, Mughals are also the ones credited for the emergence of Sufism, abolished jizya tax, love beyond religion, classes, and gender.
In the Baburnama written in memoirs of our very first Mughal ruler Muhammad Babur, several instances documented Babur's infatuation and affection towards a teenage boy named Baburi. We also have multiple Persian couplets as evidence of Babur's affection for Baburi. Mughals engaged in homosexuality and pederasty, and they believed that later was a form of "pure love".
But as time passed homosexuality was suppressed more and more though people practiced it in secret if revealed they were punished. According to the Fatwa-e-Alamgiri Sharia-based text of the Mughal Empire, there is a common set of punishments for homosexuality, which could include 50 lashes for a slave, 100 for a free infidel, or death by stoning for a Muslim.
British Raj and Independence of India
In 1862, Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code that criminalized homosexual sex came into force. Even after Independence in 1947, the section remained a part of the Indian Constitution. There were protests all over the country to give people of the LGBT+ community basic human rights but it was not until 2018 that The Supreme Court of India ruled the portion of Section 377 has unconstitutional and struck it off. One judge said the landmark decision would "pave the way for a better future.". With Section 377 gone are LGBT+ people allowed to fall in love freely? No, people are still afraid to love because of the stigma in our society when it comes to homosexuality; they are seen as lesser humans.
ALSO READ: Significant Support for Rights for LGBTQ+
Although the Supreme Court has decriminalized homosexual activities, same-sex marriage remains illegal in the country. Homophobia is still prevalent in India, and homosexual children would rather commit suicide than come out to society with their true identity, that's how harsh of a world we live in. Lacking support from family, society, or police, many gay rape victims do not report the crimes. In 1977, writer and Indian mathematician Shakuntla Devi published "The World of Homosexuals". It was the first study in the Indian context; the book contains interviews with homosexual men set in the years of Emergency. She wrote, "rather than pretending that homosexuals don't exist it is time we face the facts squarely in the eye and find room for homosexual people." We've had small victories in our fight against homophobia and getting LGBT+ community the rights they deserve as humans, but we still have a long and exhausting fight ahead of us.