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A natural compound found in cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, kale, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts can help control non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Pixabay

A natural compound found in cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, kale, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts can help control non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), new research has found.

The research, published in the journal Hepatology, suggests that this natural compound called indole may lead to new treatments or preventive measures for fatty liver disease.


“Based on this research, we believe healthy foods with high capacity for indole production are essential for preventing NAFLD and are beneficial for improving the health of those with it,” said principal investigator for the study Chaodong Wu, Faculty Fellow at Texas A&M AgriLife Research in the US.

“This is another example where altering the diet can help prevent or treat disease and improve the well-being of the individual,” Wu said. NAFLD occurs when the liver becomes “marbled” with fat, sometimes due to unhealthy nutrition, such as excessive intake of saturated fats.


Healthy foods such as cauliflower, cabbage and kale with high capacity for indole production are essential for preventing NAFLD. Pixabay

If not properly addressed, this condition can lead to life-threatening liver disease, including cirrhosis or liver cancer. Many diverse factors contribute to NAFLD.

The present study examined the effect of indole concentrations on people, animal models and individual cells to help determine indole’s effect on liver inflammation and its potential benefits to people with NAFLD.

For the study, the researchers investigated the effects of indole on 137 Chinese individuals with fatty livers.

The research team discovered people with a higher body mass index tended to have lower levels of indole in their blood. This result will likely extend to other ethnicities, said research collaborator Qifu Li, a physician at Chongqing Medical University in China.

To further determine the impact of indole, the research team used animal models fed a low-fat diet as a control and high-fat diet to simulate the effects of NAFLD. The research team also studied how indole affected individual cells.

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In addition to reducing the amount of fat in liver cells, indole also acts on cells in the intestine, which send out molecular signals that dampen inflammation, said Shannon Glaser, Professor of Texas A&M Health Science Center.

“Foods with a high capacity of indole production or medicines that mimic its effects may be new therapies for treatment of NAFLD,” Wu said, adding prevention is another important aspect to consider. (IANS)


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Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Delhi to get new QR-based driving livenses and registration certificates.

In a step towards digitisation of the system, Delhi Transport Department will soon issue QR based Smart cards for driving licenses (DLs) and registration certificates (RCs).

As per a statement, the new driving licence will have an advanced microchip with features like Quick Response (QR) code and Near Field Communication (NFC). The new RC will have the owner's name printed on the front while the microchip and the QR code would be embedded at the back of the card.

The cards earlier had embedded chips, but chip reader machines were not available in the required quantity with both the Delhi Traffic Police and the Enforcement Wing of the Transport Department. Moreover, chips were designed and implemented by the states concerned, which resulted in difficulties in reading the chip and retrieving information, especially in case of defaulters.

"Now with the QR based smart card, this issue is resolved. This will enable unification in linking and validating one's information to smart cards with Sarathi and Vahan, the two web-based databases of all driving licenses and vehicle registrations," the release added.

The QR is also being implemented nationwide, the QR code reader is easily procurable and will do away with the requirement of any manual intervention altogether. The new cards will also allow two specific materials for their card manufacturing -- PolyVinyl Chloride or PVC, or PolyCarbonate which is slightly more expensive but more durable. (Card Size - 85.6mm x 54.02 mm; Thickness minimum 0.7 mm)

An October 2018 notification of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) had made changes to the Driving License and Registration Certificate. The new Smart card based DL and RC, will have chip based/ QR code based recognition system. At the same time, documents such as driving license or registration certificates in electronic formats on DigiLockers and mParivahan were also made valid in place of physical documents and treated at par with original documents.

The QR code also has an added advantage of acting as a safety feature on the smart card. The department will be able to retain records and penalties of the DL holder for up to 10 years on the VAHAN database as soon as a driver/ owner's Smart card is confiscated. The new DLs will also help the government in maintaining records of differently-abled drivers, any modifications made to the vehicles, emission standards and the person's declaration to donate organs. (IANS/JB)

Keywords: Delhi, Driving License, Registration License, Digitisation.


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