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AAP-BJP conflict: How Delhi’s current situation is a reminder of the 1960s political scenario of Bengal

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New Delhi: Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung before administrating the oath of office and secrecy to Arvind Kejriwal as the Delhi Chief Minister at Ramlila maidan in New Delhi on Saturday. PTI Photo by Shahbaz Khan(PTI12_28_2013_000077B)
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INDIA-POLITICS-CORRUPTION-LAW-PARLIAMENT

By Dr. Kallol Guha

In reference to the conflict between Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) led Delhi government and the Central government, it may be relevant to recall the fate of the first non-Congress government of Kerala back in 1957. Chief Minister Namboodripad’s CPI government had introduced a Bill for reforms in land and education that threatened the power of local landowners and their allies (Nair Service Society),  including the Christian churches.

Statewide agitation against the government continued under the leadership of the Indian National Congress, which was at the Centre. The landlord community (Nair Service Society), church groups along with several other opposition parties, with the support of Central Intelligence Agency, as claimed by CPI, joined the agitation. This led to President’s rule in the state as the state government of CPI was dismissed under the pretext of law and order in July 1959.

A similar incident occurred in 1967 in West Bengal when the first non-Congress government under the leadership of United Left Front (ULF) was formed. They tried to introduce marginal reforms in favor of workers, peasants and lower middle class. Propertied class felt threatened, mainstream media turned their ‘marketing tools’ on to discredit the ULF. Congress, which was in power at the centre, organized agitation against the ULF on various issues. One fine morning, the state government was dismissed and governor’s rule was introduced. ULF then returned to power, compromising with the classes they ostensibly opposed and picked on the leftovers until booted out by All India Trinamool Congress (TMC).

Aam Aadmi Vs Ruling Class

Let us try to understand, in the above context, the genesis of the quarrel between the AAP government in Delhi and the BJP government at the Centre. There are different types of government across the world which are identified with various nomenclature. For instance, military dictatorship in Burma, monarchy in Saudi Arabia, socialist like North Vietnam and North Korea among others. Anglophonic countries are identified as democratic simply because people have voting rights to elect a government.

The real administrative power on issues such as land and industry, judiciary and executive, police and army, mainstream media still remains under the control of land-owners and well-known industrialists. This class, in left political circle, is branded as ‘Ruling Class’. In straight words, the administration of a given country always functions to protect the interest of this ruling class. This basic principle must be kept in mind to understand the conflict between the Delhi state government and the Central government.

AAP, at this point of time, seems to be committed to curb corruption by all means at their disposal. Whatever corruption they might have curbed by now, it has invariably threatened the interest of the ruling class in several ways. The ruling class might have lost significant income from illicit sources. If corruption is allowed to be curbed, this trend will invariably increase not just in Delhi but throughout the nation which will be a political suicide for the ruling class. The mask of democracy, prosperity and development might be torn from the face of the ruling parties if AAP is allowed to function undisturbed. The mainstream media whose role is to make people believe, through the modern marketing tools, that the ruling party will make common man’s life better is threatened that people might discover that the brand of  democracy is in fact, an exercise of a flock of sheep choosing their own butcher.

Freedom of Press or Propaganda 

BJP Government will continue to use their tools, notably the Lieutenant Governor and bureaucracy, to make sure that AAP is unable to function well enough to deliver services to the masses. The mainstream media will then use their ‘freedom of press’ and ‘freedom of expression’ to showcase AAP’s inefficiency to govern and hence  portray BJP as the one who can deliver the services.

Here people’s verdict does not matter. Democracy does not matter. Quality of people’s  lives does not matter. National development does not matter. The only thing that matters is material gain of the ruling class and the power and influence required to safeguard that gain.

Prosperity of India, if any, is definitely not due to the government. This prosperity, however marginal, is solely a product of Indian people’s brilliance, stamina and entrepreneurship. Those who were in power during the last 65 years, though reduced to their minimum existence in political terms, are not only untouched by the mainstream media but there is a distinct plot by the media to gradually drag them into the limelight.

Therefore, it is understandable why the mainstream media, most of it foreign owned, is using all their marketing tools to brand AAP as the ‘devil’ and it will not be otherwise as long as AAP holds on to their pro-people agenda.  On Wednesday, Karan Thapar on CNN-IBN conducted a debate on whether the relation between Central and the Delhi government is heading towards dismissal of AAP Government under the pretext of violation of Constitution.

It is pertinent to recall the Left-Wing doctrine. They declared that propertied ruling class will never ever relinquish power on their own. They will put up with ‘democracy’ and ‘free election’ as long as it does not threaten their control over wealth of the nation. In the past, government elected by the people has been dissolved under some pretext or replaced by military intervention, when they tried to implement policies in favor of common people. Last century, it happened in almost every country in South America, Brazil, Congo, Iran, Cuba, Vietnam and Korea.  Now history is repeating itself in Delhi.

What can AAP do under the present circumstances? One possibility is that they pay lip service to ideas of improving quality of life for the common people but in fact compromise with the culture of ruling class which is characterized by corruption, chaos and chronic under-development. Other possibility is to mobilize general population by convincing them about the real nature of the rat trap they are stuck in under the illusion of ‘democracy’ and ‘free election’ and prepare them to take a stand in favor of their own destiny.

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  • Neeru Bahl

    Many thanks Dr Guha for explaining so nicely, why BJP-Combo wants AAPGovt dysfunctional. After reading this piece even BJP supporters would be forced to analyse BJP-Cong hidden agenda.

  • Just Faking

    Wonderful gem…i read many article but hardly come across such brilliiant stuff… for a moment i thought orwell is back….enough said!

  • Kallol Guha Phd

    Delhi was once invaded by Taimur, Nadir Shah, Ahmed Abdali, British during first war of independence in 1857. Those invaders appeared and disappeared like lightning. Now there are new species of invaders who are here to stay- who jabber “FREEDOM OF PRESS” and “FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION” wear the mask of “WORLD’S LARGEST DEMOCRACY” when it suits them. But show no respect for people’s mandate when it goes against their selfish interest.

  • kirti Kumar pal

    AAP govt. indeed have difficult choice. Only viable and wise alternative left for them is to make constant contact with public and make them aware of evil design of ruling elites. ultimately against all odds and knowing pitfalls in electing AAO ,it is people of Delhi who made them victorious ,thrashing hopes of various vested interests.

  • programmer

    I agree that AAP has intentions to remove the corrptions, however I doubt if they will be successful. Corruption is in our DNA. We have huge population with limited resources. So there will always be competition for getting hold of resources by any means.

  • Neeru Bahl

    Many thanks Dr Guha for explaining so nicely, why BJP-Combo wants AAPGovt dysfunctional. After reading this piece even BJP supporters would be forced to analyse BJP-Cong hidden agenda.

  • Just Faking

    Wonderful gem…i read many article but hardly come across such brilliiant stuff… for a moment i thought orwell is back….enough said!

  • Kallol Guha Phd

    Delhi was once invaded by Taimur, Nadir Shah, Ahmed Abdali, British during first war of independence in 1857. Those invaders appeared and disappeared like lightning. Now there are new species of invaders who are here to stay- who jabber “FREEDOM OF PRESS” and “FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION” wear the mask of “WORLD’S LARGEST DEMOCRACY” when it suits them. But show no respect for people’s mandate when it goes against their selfish interest.

  • kirti Kumar pal

    AAP govt. indeed have difficult choice. Only viable and wise alternative left for them is to make constant contact with public and make them aware of evil design of ruling elites. ultimately against all odds and knowing pitfalls in electing AAO ,it is people of Delhi who made them victorious ,thrashing hopes of various vested interests.

  • programmer

    I agree that AAP has intentions to remove the corrptions, however I doubt if they will be successful. Corruption is in our DNA. We have huge population with limited resources. So there will always be competition for getting hold of resources by any means.

Next Story

Cho Ramaswamy: The Man Who Wore Many Hats

Cho Ramaswamy won several accolades and awards during his career as an entertainer and as a journalist.

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Cho Ramaswamy was undoubtedly one of the most prominent indian Personalities. Twitter
Cho Ramaswamy was undoubtedly one of the most prominent Indian Personalities. Twitter

By Ruchika Verma

  • Cho Ramaswamy was a multi-talented man who ventured into acting, directing, journalism and politics
  • He was very close to late CM of Tamil Nadu, Jayalalithaa for whom he acted as a philosopher and guide
  • Cho Ramaswamy was very vocal about his criticism of politicians and unethical practices

Srinivasa Iyer or Cho Ramaswamy was an Indian film actor, director, magazine editor, political satirist, and a lawyer. He was born on 5th October 1934 and was one of the most prominent Tamil personalities in India.

Cho Ramaswamy's magazine Tughlak has a huge fan following. Twitter
Cho Ramaswamy’s magazine Tughlak has a huge fan following. Twitter

He was the man of many talents who passed away at the age of 82 on 7th December 2016. Cho Ramaswamy the founder and editor of the Tamil magazine Thuglak, was also a recipient of the prestigious Padma Bhushan award, for his contributions in Literature and Education.

Cho Ramaswamy undoubtedly was one of the most prominent personalities in the southern Indian politics. Here are few things about his life which you may not have known before:

How his career started 

Cho Ramaswamy was first and foremost a lawyer by profession, being born in a family of lawyers. He later branched into theatre, films and finally into journalism and politics.

Cho Ramaswamy won Padma Bhushan for his contribution in the field of Literature and Education. Facebook
Cho Ramaswamy won Padma Bhushan for his contribution in the field of Literature and Education. Facebook

He got into the theatre while he was still practising law. His work as a satirist was very much appreciated. His most famous drama is  ‘Muhammad bin Tughluq,’ it was so brilliant that it became a classic.

He ventured into journalism and founded his own magazine Tughlak, which was mainly focused on the local social and political issues. It was widely and highly appreciated for its satirical and honest views on the politicians and politics. He was fearless in his criticism of the governments.

He later got into politics and was a member of Rajya Sabha from 1999 to 2005. He openly went against Jayalalithaa, when she was at her most powerful, even though she was very close to him. He even predicted Narendra Modi as India’s Prime Minister, long before BJP even declared him as a candidate. He was a true visionary in all senses.

Cho Ramaswamy and Jayalalithaa 

Cho Ramaswamy and Jayalalithaa were one pair of friends whose relationship went beyond friendship to a plane where not all can reach. Jayalalithaa debuted as a child actress with the YG Parthasarathy drama troupe where Cho Ramaswamy was already a star. They worked together in 19 films.

Cho Ramaswamy was Jayalalithaa’s greatest friend but also her most vocal critic. It was the only who was consulted in the matters of Jayalalithaa’s political career by herself and by the star-politician MGR. He acted as her friend, philosopher and guide in films as well as in politics.

The late Tamil Nadu CM Jayalalithaa was extremely close to Cho Ramaswamy. Twitter
The late Tamil Nadu CM Jayalalithaa was extremely close to Cho Ramaswamy. Twitter

You may also like: Iron Lady of India: Jayalalithaa was an inspiration for Women

It is being said many times that the late Tamil Nadu chief minister and AIADMK chief Jayalalithaa once told Ramaswamy that he has to live till she is alive. Interestingly, Cho Ramaswamy died barely 36 hours after Jayalalithaa died. According to doctors who were treating him, before he was put on the ventilator, he watched the live coverage of Jayalalithaa’s body lying in state at Rajaji Hall, Chennai.

There is only one instance of discord between the two, during 1996-2001, where he became a staunch critic of Jayalalithaa because of her unethical ways as a Chief Minister. However, as she mended her ways, he warmed up to her again.

Cho Ramaswamy not only influenced Jayalalithaa’s professional life as an actress and politician, but also her personal life. She considered him her and guide and consulted him before all major decisions.

Ramaswamy and his achievements 

Cho Ramaswamy won several accolades and awards during his career as an entertainer and as a journalist. Apart from being awarded a Padma Bhushan, he also won B.D. Goenka award for excellence in journalism.

Cho Ramaswamy was also famous for his closeness with various prominent politicians, including Narendra Modi. Twitter
Cho Ramaswamy was also famous for his closeness with various prominent politicians, including Narendra Modi. Twitter

His achievements were not only limited to awards. His achievements went beyond that. His association with prominent political leaders like Jayaprakash Narayan, L.K. Advani, Chandra Shekhar, G.K. Moopanar, Jayalalithaa and Narendra Modi, and his role in influencing some of their decisions are noteworthy.

Also Read: Need more Satire and Humour to build bridges between Communities and Societies, says PM Narendra Modi

His achievements as a playwright and actor are also noteworthy. Many of his plays went onto becoming national hits. And he received critical acclaim for his acting as well as his stints as a director.

Perhaps, one of his biggest achievement was the fact that he took many roles throughout his life and ended up successful in all of them. He was indeed the man who wore many hats, and managed to balance them all equally well.