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AAP-BJP conflict: How Delhi’s current situation is a reminder of the 1960s political scenario of Bengal

New Delhi: Lieutenant Governor Najeeb Jung before administrating the oath of office and secrecy to Arvind Kejriwal as the Delhi Chief Minister at Ramlila maidan in New Delhi on Saturday. PTI Photo by Shahbaz Khan(PTI12_28_2013_000077B)


By Dr. Kallol Guha

In reference to the conflict between Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) led Delhi government and the Central government, it may be relevant to recall the fate of the first non-Congress government of Kerala back in 1957. Chief Minister Namboodripad’s CPI government had introduced a Bill for reforms in land and education that threatened the power of local landowners and their allies (Nair Service Society),  including the Christian churches.

Statewide agitation against the government continued under the leadership of the Indian National Congress, which was at the Centre. The landlord community (Nair Service Society), church groups along with several other opposition parties, with the support of Central Intelligence Agency, as claimed by CPI, joined the agitation. This led to President’s rule in the state as the state government of CPI was dismissed under the pretext of law and order in July 1959.

A similar incident occurred in 1967 in West Bengal when the first non-Congress government under the leadership of United Left Front (ULF) was formed. They tried to introduce marginal reforms in favor of workers, peasants and lower middle class. Propertied class felt threatened, mainstream media turned their ‘marketing tools’ on to discredit the ULF. Congress, which was in power at the centre, organized agitation against the ULF on various issues. One fine morning, the state government was dismissed and governor’s rule was introduced. ULF then returned to power, compromising with the classes they ostensibly opposed and picked on the leftovers until booted out by All India Trinamool Congress (TMC).

Aam Aadmi Vs Ruling Class

Let us try to understand, in the above context, the genesis of the quarrel between the AAP government in Delhi and the BJP government at the Centre. There are different types of government across the world which are identified with various nomenclature. For instance, military dictatorship in Burma, monarchy in Saudi Arabia, socialist like North Vietnam and North Korea among others. Anglophonic countries are identified as democratic simply because people have voting rights to elect a government.

The real administrative power on issues such as land and industry, judiciary and executive, police and army, mainstream media still remains under the control of land-owners and well-known industrialists. This class, in left political circle, is branded as ‘Ruling Class’. In straight words, the administration of a given country always functions to protect the interest of this ruling class. This basic principle must be kept in mind to understand the conflict between the Delhi state government and the Central government.

AAP, at this point of time, seems to be committed to curb corruption by all means at their disposal. Whatever corruption they might have curbed by now, it has invariably threatened the interest of the ruling class in several ways. The ruling class might have lost significant income from illicit sources. If corruption is allowed to be curbed, this trend will invariably increase not just in Delhi but throughout the nation which will be a political suicide for the ruling class. The mask of democracy, prosperity and development might be torn from the face of the ruling parties if AAP is allowed to function undisturbed. The mainstream media whose role is to make people believe, through the modern marketing tools, that the ruling party will make common man’s life better is threatened that people might discover that the brand of  democracy is in fact, an exercise of a flock of sheep choosing their own butcher.

Freedom of Press or Propaganda 

BJP Government will continue to use their tools, notably the Lieutenant Governor and bureaucracy, to make sure that AAP is unable to function well enough to deliver services to the masses. The mainstream media will then use their ‘freedom of press’ and ‘freedom of expression’ to showcase AAP’s inefficiency to govern and hence  portray BJP as the one who can deliver the services.

Here people’s verdict does not matter. Democracy does not matter. Quality of people’s  lives does not matter. National development does not matter. The only thing that matters is material gain of the ruling class and the power and influence required to safeguard that gain.

Prosperity of India, if any, is definitely not due to the government. This prosperity, however marginal, is solely a product of Indian people’s brilliance, stamina and entrepreneurship. Those who were in power during the last 65 years, though reduced to their minimum existence in political terms, are not only untouched by the mainstream media but there is a distinct plot by the media to gradually drag them into the limelight.

Therefore, it is understandable why the mainstream media, most of it foreign owned, is using all their marketing tools to brand AAP as the ‘devil’ and it will not be otherwise as long as AAP holds on to their pro-people agenda.  On Wednesday, Karan Thapar on CNN-IBN conducted a debate on whether the relation between Central and the Delhi government is heading towards dismissal of AAP Government under the pretext of violation of Constitution.

It is pertinent to recall the Left-Wing doctrine. They declared that propertied ruling class will never ever relinquish power on their own. They will put up with ‘democracy’ and ‘free election’ as long as it does not threaten their control over wealth of the nation. In the past, government elected by the people has been dissolved under some pretext or replaced by military intervention, when they tried to implement policies in favor of common people. Last century, it happened in almost every country in South America, Brazil, Congo, Iran, Cuba, Vietnam and Korea.  Now history is repeating itself in Delhi.

What can AAP do under the present circumstances? One possibility is that they pay lip service to ideas of improving quality of life for the common people but in fact compromise with the culture of ruling class which is characterized by corruption, chaos and chronic under-development. Other possibility is to mobilize general population by convincing them about the real nature of the rat trap they are stuck in under the illusion of ‘democracy’ and ‘free election’ and prepare them to take a stand in favor of their own destiny.


  1. Many thanks Dr Guha for explaining so nicely, why BJP-Combo wants AAPGovt dysfunctional. After reading this piece even BJP supporters would be forced to analyse BJP-Cong hidden agenda.

  2. Wonderful gem…i read many article but hardly come across such brilliiant stuff… for a moment i thought orwell is back….enough said!

  3. Delhi was once invaded by Taimur, Nadir Shah, Ahmed Abdali, British during first war of independence in 1857. Those invaders appeared and disappeared like lightning. Now there are new species of invaders who are here to stay- who jabber “FREEDOM OF PRESS” and “FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION” wear the mask of “WORLD’S LARGEST DEMOCRACY” when it suits them. But show no respect for people’s mandate when it goes against their selfish interest.

  4. AAP govt. indeed have difficult choice. Only viable and wise alternative left for them is to make constant contact with public and make them aware of evil design of ruling elites. ultimately against all odds and knowing pitfalls in electing AAO ,it is people of Delhi who made them victorious ,thrashing hopes of various vested interests.

  5. I agree that AAP has intentions to remove the corrptions, however I doubt if they will be successful. Corruption is in our DNA. We have huge population with limited resources. So there will always be competition for getting hold of resources by any means.


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Cleaning of Ganga is not impossible, but it is very difficult.

The holy river is also one of the most polluted river

Ganga in Haridwar
A pile of garbage lies on the riverbank along the Ganges riverfront known as "Har ki Pauri," the most sacred spot in the Hindu holy town of Haridwar where devotees throng. VOA

– Saket Suman

About five years ago, when Financial Times journalist and author Victor Mallet began living in Delhi, he was shocked to discover that the Yamuna — “this beautiful river of Indian legend and art” — was chocked with untreated sewage and industrial waste after it had passed through the city on its way to Mathura, Agra and on to join the Ganga at Allahabad He wondered “how a river so sacred to so many Indians could also be so polluted and neglected” and then set out to record the plight of the Ganga.

His exhaustive journey led him to various key locations on the river, including its source at Gaumukh and Sagar Island and the Sunderbans at its mouth in the Bay of Bengal. This culminated in the publication of “River of Life, River of Death” (Oxford University Press/Rs 550/316 pages).

“My conclusion is that it is not impossible (to clean the Ganga) — but it is very difficult. Narendra Modi is the latest of several Indian prime ministers to announce plans to rescue the Ganga — in fact, I would say he has been the most fervent — but like his predecessors, he has struggled to implement these plans despite the availability of funds from India itself and from international donors such as the World Bank and Japan.

“Clearly, the Ganga has enormous problems of physical pollution from sewage, industrial toxins and pesticide run-off. Too much of the water is diverted for irrigation in the dry season, which can leave parts of the river without water before the monsoon. But with political will and public support — I don’t think anyone in India objects to saving the river — it can be done,” Mallet told IANS in an email interview from Hong Kong.

The important thing, he maintained, is to change mindsets and he noted in this context that it is quite common among devout Hindus to say: “Ma Ganga is so spiritually pure that nothing we throw in the river will sully her or make a difference.”

The author said that sensible holy men and environmentalists who care for the Ganga term this as nonsense — and the reason it’s not true is that the Ganga’s very spiritual power arises from its physical properties as a life-giver, as a provider of water and fertility.

“That’s why rivers have always been worshipped in ancient times, including in England. So if you destroy the river’s life-giving qualities through pollution, you destroy the source of her spiritual importance,” he added.

In the book, he also states that it is not impossible to clean the Ganges, “as river clean-ups in Europe and America have shown”.

Elaborating on this, he said: “When I was a child living in London, my mother always told me not to fall in the Thames because the river was so filthy that if I fell in I would have to go to hospital and have my stomach pumped! Yet today the Thames is clean — muddy, but virtually free of industrial pollution and untreated sewage — because successive governments and water and sanitation companies have stopped the pollution.

“The same is true of the Rhine in continental Europe and the Chicago river in the United States. The great thing about rivers is that you don’t have to scrub them clean — you just have to stop polluting them and the natural flow of the river does the rest.”

Mallet maintained that the record on the Ganga has so far been disappointing in terms of implementation, but hoped that there will be a change now that there is a new minister in charge.

“If you clean the Ganga by improving sanitation, you not only save the goddess, you also create thousands of jobs in infrastructure development, and save the lives of thousands of children who die each year because of bad water, poor hygiene and stomach bugs. Likewise, if India curbs its greenhouse gases — and this seems to be happening anyway because alternative energy such as solar power is now very competitive on price — then that will also help it to reduce the kind of air pollution that has recently been afflicting Delhi and the whole of North India,” he maintained.

Mallet went on to add that he learnt a lot about the mythology and the history of the river — and the history of India — in the course of his research for the book.

“In a way, India is so rich in civilisations and stories that you can never say you have completed your work as a researcher and writer. You can at least make a start, and also explain the contemporary political, social, religious and environmental issues that affect the river and the country as a whole,” Mallet said. (IANS)

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Is Delhi’s air going to take the structure of ‘London’s Smog’?

Breathing in Delhi is equal to smoking 40 cigarets.

Smog in Delhi
In recent time, there is a huge increase in the smog in around Delhi. Wikimedia commons

New Delhi, Nov 15 On a cold December morning some 65 years ago, a seemingly dense fog engulfed the City of London. People went about their business as usual as it was a common occurrence at that time. It didn’t take long, however, for Londoners to realise that this was no regular fog but a toxic combination of smoke and fog — smog.

That Great Smog of 1952 — often called “The Big Smoke” — killed an estimated 12,000 people and had long-term ill-effects on the health of the city’s residents.

Last week, AIIMS Director Randeep Guleria compared the alarming pollution scenario in Delhi with London’s 1952 crisis. Environment experts agree that if serious steps are not taken, Delhi may soon face a similar kind of “air pollution disaster” which London did 65 years ago.

The Big Smoke did not happen in London all of a sudden. There were signs — alarming signs — as even before the 1952 crisis, the British capital experienced smog events several times in the past which they called “pea soupers”. Those were similar to what Delhi may be experiencing today.

Just as in Delhi today, the smog engulfed London, reducing visibility and causing discomfort to children and the elderly and to those suffering from respiratory diseases. The number of patients reporting to hospitals with respiratory ailments used to increase at that time of the year.

But it took the air pollution disaster of 1952 for the British government to acknowledge the magnitude of the crisis and take a slew of measures to undo the damage — including passage of the Clean Air Act 1956 and shift from coal-based fuel to alternative fuels.

While some experts wonder if Delhi is also waiting for a disaster like The Big Smoke to take stringent measures to improve the city’s air quality, others feel the disaster is already upon us and would have long-term health impacts on Delhi’s residents.

Eminent environment expert C.R. Babu said what we face in Delhi today is much more serious than the London smog.

“In London, smog killed because people faced breathing problems. But the toxins in Delhi’s air could lead to long-term problems and chronic health disorders, and not just short-term health issues,” Babu told IANS.

“Vehicular exhausts have large amounts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons which are toxic in nature and are also carcinogenic,” he added.

Babu warned that the situation would become much worse if the government didn’t act fast. “Just like the London incident was called an ‘air pollution disaster’, what we have today is a similar disaster in Delhi. But in Delhi’s case, people will suffer for longer periods.”

“It is time for the government to think deeply about long-term planning for preventing such air pollution disasters,” he added.

According to AIIMS Director Guleria, the alarming pollution level in the city has already led to an at least 20 per cent increase in the number of persons complaining of cardiac and respiratory problems.

He also warned that about 30,000 persons may lose their lives in the National Capital Region alone due to the current pollution levels, numbers which, he said, he had extrapolated from the number of hospital admissions.

Vivek Chattopadhyay, Programme Manager at the Centre for Science and Enviromment, said it could be a watershed moment for Delhi and should not be taken lightly.

“Ultimately, we are dealing with a health crisis, not just visibility problems,” Chattopadhyay told IANS. “There are huge health costs and, as per estimates, air pollution is costing India around three per cent of the GDP in terms of health costs.”

Chattopadhyay said that the recurring smog incidents of Delhi are major warning signals and just as was the case of London before the big disaster, the powers that be in Delhi may also be unaware of the magnitude of the problem.

“The problem is that our health system won’t be able to tell how many are affected. We need a comprehensive data recording system. Hard statistics are needed about the number of cases of respiratory problems, cardiac arrests and strokes that are reported in the hospitals,” he said.

As for precautionary measures, he said there was a need to introduce clean fuel for everything and a parity of laws across NCR and not just in Delhi.

“Delhi in isolation cannot remain clean. It is high time that the government woke up and an inter-state meeting was held to collectively solve the problem. It has become a recurring thing and there is a need to change the way we work. The time for action is now,” he said.

R. Suresh, Fellow and Area Convenor at TERI (The Energy and Resource Institute), pointed out that Delhi’s response to the crisis has so far been reactive, not pre-emptive, which needed to change.

“While weather is not in our control, what we can control are ground-level emissions. What we have witnessed so far is that we face a crisis every year and then the government reacts. We need a long-term solution,” Suresh told IANS.

“We know that November-December is the peak time for air pollution. So our precautionary measures should happen before November. Why wait for Diwali to ban crackers? For next year, measures should be taken now.”

While Suresh said that the main problem was stubble burning in the neighbouring states as well as construction and road dust, Babu maintained that the exhaust from automobiles are more dangerous.

“You have to regulate automobiles — stringent measures are needed. For example, Singapore has decided to stop registration of all new vehicles. Why can’t we do that in Delhi? Almost every household has a vehicle today. More than the need, it has just become a symbol of social status,” he said. (IANS)

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Manoj Bajpayee is an amazing actor and a team player on set: Sidharth Malhotra

Sidharth Malhotra on Thursday treated his fans to a question and answer session over Twitter.

Actor Sidharth Malhotra
Actor Sidharth Malhotra. Wikimedia Commons

November 7, 2017: Actor Sidharth Malhotra, who will be seen sharing screen space with Manoj Bajpayee in “Aiyaary”, says the National Award winning actor is amazing and a team player.

Sidharth Malhotra on Thursday treated his fans to a question and answer session over Twitter.

A user asked the “Student Of The Year” actor about his experience working with Manoj in “Aiyaary”.

Sidharth replied: “He’s an amazing actor and a team player on set.”

“Aiyaary”, set in Delhi, London and Kashmir, revolves around two strong-minded Army officers having completely different views, yet right in their own ways. It is a real-life story based on the relationship between a mentor and a protege.

Presented by Plan C and Jayantilal Gada (Pen), the project is produced by Shital Bhatia, Dhaval Jayantilal Gada, Motion Picture Capital.

When asked about the development of the film, Sidharth replied: “Awesome. Excited to show it in a few months.”

Sidharth, 32, also described his “Brothers” co-star Akshay Kumar as his “brother from another mother.”(IANS)