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Asia’s Increase In Consumption Of Meat To Cause Environmental Problems: Researchers

“You have a lot of people in Asia who don’t get that great a diet so animal-sourced food intake will increase,” said the FAO’s Dawe.

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Commuters stand at an open doorway of a suburban train during the morning rush hour in Kolkata, India, July 31, 2015. India is set to overtake China and become the world's most populous country in less than a decade - six years sooner than previously forecast, the United Nations said in 2015. VOA
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Asia’s growing appetite for meat and seafood over the next three decades will cause huge increases in greenhouse gas emissions and antibiotics used in foods, researchers said Tuesday.

Rising population, incomes and urbanization will drive a 78 percent increase in meat and seafood demand from 2017 to 2050, according to a report by Asia Research and Engagement Pte Ltd., a Singapore-based consultancy firm.

“We wanted to highlight that, because of the large population and how fast the population is growing, it is going to put a strain on the environment,” said co-author Serena Tan.

“By recognizing this and where it comes from, we can tackle the solutions,” she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

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Asia’s growing appetite for meat and seafood over the next three decades will cause huge increases in greenhouse gas.

More carbon dioxide, antibiotics

With supply chains ramping up to meet demand, greenhouse gas emissions will jump from 2.9 billion tons of CO2 per year to 5.4 billion tons, the equivalent of the lifetime emissions of 95 million cars, the researchers said.

A land area the size of India will be needed for additional food production, according to the report, while water use will climb from 577 billion cubic meters per year to 1,054 billion cubic meters per year.

The use of antimicrobials, which kill or stop the growth of microorganisms, and include antibiotics, will increase 44 percent to 39,000 tons per year, said the report, which was commissioned by the Hong Kong-based ADM Capital Foundation.

Overuse and misuse of antibiotics in food is rife in Southeast Asia, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said this year, warning of serious risks for people and animals as bacterial infections become more resistant to treatment.

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Avoid the intake of processed meat in your diet. Pixabay

Income growth

Growing urban areas contribute to the rising demand for meat and seafood, because people there usually have better access to electricity and refrigeration, said David Dawe, a senior economist at the FAO in Bangkok.

“But income growth is the big driver,” he added.

Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Pakistan are among nations likely to contribute most to the rise in meat and seafood consumption, while countries with aging populations, like China, will likely limit growth, Tan said.

Food producers can increase efficiency by implementing rainwater harvesting, using sustainable animal feed and capturing biogas from cattle, Tan said.

Also Read: Environmentalists Investigate The Kerala Floods

Regulators, consumers and investors can also pressure restaurant chains and producers to limit the use of antibiotics in meat supplies, she added.

At meal times, consumers can also choose plant-based foods made to look like meats as an alternative, Tan said.

“You have a lot of people in Asia who don’t get that great a diet so animal-sourced food intake will increase,” said the FAO’s Dawe. “In many ways it’s a good thing for nutrition, but it does raise environmental issues.” (VOA)

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Sea Turtles Suffer Majorly Due to Plastic Traps

Turtles found injured had serious wounds and barely survived after they were taken to a rehabilitation centre for treatment.

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Olive Ridley Sea Turtle, Wikimedia Commons

Thai authorities have said that in less than two months, more than 20 sea turtles had been killed from plastic or fish net wraps.

Thorn Thamrongnavaswasdi, vice dean of the fisheries faculty of Kasetsart University, said on Monday that the sea turtles washed upon the shores of Phuket and Phan-nga beaches provinces could not survive as the trapped sea animals suffocated in plastic waste bags or struggled tremendously in fishing nets, reports Xinhua news agency.

The marine scientist said that more than 20 green turtles and Olive Ridley turtles were found on Mai Khao beach in the Sirinart national park in Phuket and the beach in Thai Muang national park in Phang-nga province in the past two months.

 

Plastic
Sea Turtles,

 

He said many were found dead with plastic or pieces of fish net wrapped around the turtles’ legs or necks.

Thorn also said turtles found injured had serious wounds and barely survived after they were taken to a rehabilitation centre for treatment.

Mai Khao and Thai Muang beaches have been the spawning ground for sea turtles which come to the beaches during October-February period.

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A plastic bottle washed up by the sea . (VOA)

Thorn however said the leatherback turtles have been missing for four years now.

Also Read: President Donald Trump is a Fool When It Comes To Environment: California Governer

In June this year on World Environment Day, the Thai Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment along with several ministries, pledged to raise public awareness against the use of plastic by launching a campaign called “Beat Plastic Pollution: If you can’t reuse it, refuse it”. (IANS)