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Sridhar D. Damle, currently residing in Chicago, United States, has co-authored the book- The RSS: A view to the inside and Brotherhood in Saffron- with an American academic Walker K. Andersen. Tracing the growth of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) since its formation in the mid-1920s, Damle along with Anderson has examined its ideology and training system. As the first significant book on its internal workings, Brotherhood in Saffron book is the prequel to RSS: A View to the Inside. It was for the first time in this book that readers received a glimpse into the inner workings of the RSS.
Professionally, Damle is a scholar and since 2010 he has been studying the confidential British Records on Vir Savarkar. He has acquired two Master’s degrees- one in History and the other in Political Science and has also done courses in Mass Communications, Journalism, Social Psychology, and Christian theology. Being a researcher, he reads a lot of Newspapers, articles, and books in various languages. He keeps his database up to date with authentic documents. Damle also studies various archives to Government documents, especially available Home Department confidential reports.
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Damle has been closely observing RSS and its development over the years. The idea of his second book on RSS was borne out of a desire expressed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi soon after he ascended to the post in 2014. NewsGram’s Kashish Rai got an opportunity to interact with him. In the interview, he has answered all those intriguing questions in detail which people generally have in their minds regarding RSS.
Here are some excerpts from the interview:
Kashish: In your view, Why does RSS have been equated to the Nazis? What is your take on this?
Shridhar Damle: Regarding the word “Nazi” we have already talked in our book “Brotherhood in Saffron” with documentation. Hitler came into power in 1932, while the RSS was formed in 1925 by prominent Hindu Sabha leader and mentor Dr. K.B Hedgewar and people in India came to know about Hitler after 1936. Let me tell you historically also- many prominent Indian revolutionaries considered Nazis as a group which followed the ancient doctrine called “Enemy’s enemy is our friend”. So, whomsoever would be the enemy of Britain, would be the friend of India in gaining freedom.
In 1932, when RSS was a small organization in size in Madhya Pradesh, the Madhya Pradesh Government Prohibited to join the RSS. In 1933, they banned government servants from joining the RSS. In 1934 at the assembly, the then Madhya Pradesh Home Minister equated RSS with the Nazis. And that time, the Muslim member Rahman, criticized the British government and said that the RSS can not be compared to the Nazis. In 1948, Congress minister of UP Devendra Sahay accused RSS as Nazis and he wrote that the RSS founder K.B Hedgewar went to Germany, got inspiration from Hitler, and then formed the RSS in India. Regarding that, I would like to say that Dr. Hedgewar never went out of India. Sahay must have made a mistake.
We have mentioned in our book “Brotherhood in Saffron” that power remains the center or foundation of Nazi/fascist/communist ideology. In these ideologies, one leader has got all the powers, and this can also be seen in any country ruled by a dictator also, but, in the RSS, all RSS leaders from the Prantha Pracharak to the Chief of RSS are prohibited to contest the elections. So, they don’t get political power!
“Political power is the only means by which a dictator can establish his rule and use the military or rule to suppress the freedom of press or the freedom of Speech.”
I would like to tell you that the RSS considers the political power as the single part of the life and RSS advocates counter all India organization for the checks and balance with the political power. That’s why you can see the 36 Parivar organizations are working with the cooperative movements, labor movements, farmers’ movement, student movement, or any other social movement. So, from that point of view, RSS is not to be accused of being dominant or the same as Nazis.
Kashish: Ok, So Many people claim that Sanghis have a “paramilitary” attitude. What is your take on this?
Shridhar Damle: Regarding the paramilitary attitude I would say that the goal of the Indian freedom fighters was to free India from the British Rule. There are three schools of thought for the Indian Freedom struggle- Liberal, Agitational and Revolutionist and to Achieve the goals of these schools, many people joined the Akhada, where the British didn’t allow the use of rifles. So people joined the Akhada and learned sword fighting, lathi fighting, etc.
RSS founder Dr. Hedgewar who had the experience in revolutionary activities believed that for having an all India revolt for freedom, we need to have disciplined and well-trained people. There was another aspect of Indian political life, which was riots. And riots in India is a very complicated topic. During that time self-defense was a legal right of an individual. So, for self-defense and taking part in revolts, you need to know some kind of defense technique. As the use of rifles and revolvers was banned by the British, volunteers used Lathi and Swords as their training force. So many people considered these things as a “paramilitary attitude”.
“Without any formal training, volunteers of RSS learned all the formations, march-past all other disciplines of the army. So, these are some accounts of before independence. “
Now, after independence, slowly RSS abandoned sword and dagger from their training camps and they even started using lathis just for the formation and dignity.
Most of the time they replaced the sword and the daggers with Karate. They considered Karate as the best mode of self-defense. The only thing that remained constant in a good force is discipline and planning activities in social life.
(The interview will be published in 3 parts, this was part-1. The next part will be published on 31st August 2020)
– By Kashish Rai (Twitter: @KaafyyFilmyy)
Amitabh Bachchan is adored by the public for his unforgettable on-screen performances as well as his magnetic demeanour. Not only do fans love Amitabh Bachchan's outstanding performance, but the actor's heartwarming words are also highly regarded. A much moved Amitabh Bachchan, during his speech to the crowd of over 80,000 people at the Reliance Industries' annual event, said that the legacy left by Dhirubhai has had a positive impact on millions of people's lives worldwide.
When Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan became bankrupt in the late 1990s, Dhirubhai Ambani stepped forward to give him financial assistance. In his speech, Bachchan remembered that Dhirubhai had sent Anil Ambani to offer him financial assistance during the crisis, which he had respectfully declined. Lenders began knocking on his door, losses mounted, and his bank account dwindled to nothing. He said, "Dhirubhai's money might have gotten me out of the problem quickly. However, I respectfully declined his offer and gradually began to find work again, which let me pay off my debt."
Amitabh Bachchan is adored by the public for his unforgettable on-screen performances as well as his magnetic demeanour. | Flickr
Later, after Bachchan had recovered from the bankruptcy, one day he was invited to an event at Dhirubhai's residence; Bachchan added, "Dhirubhai was standing and having a chat with his industrialist friends when he saw me there, he called me, firstly I felt shy even to present myself in front of such big industrialists but then, I went there, and Dhirubhai declared in front of all of them that 'This young man had fallen but managed to get back up on his own, I have a lot of respect for him because of that.' Those words of his were worth much more to me than any amount of money that he could have offered me."
It was the "Reliance Family Day" event and was attended by members of the Ambani family from all generations. The event commemorated the company's 40-year journey since its inception. It also celebrated the 85th birthday of the late Dhirubhai Ambani, RILs (Reliance Industries Limited) founder.
Keywords: Bollywood, Reliance, Amitabh Bachchan, Dhirubhai Ambani, event
In comparison to adults, children are prone to getting traumatized by troubling events easily, and this makes it important for parents to help their children when the times are tough. It could be a brutal accident, an unprecedented pandemic, a violent crime, or other disasters but with the right parental support, children have a higher chance of coming out stronger from an awful situation.
Anuja Kapur, Psychologist shares few tips wherein you can assist your child when tough times comes calling:
Every child responds differently to disturbing events: What children feel about a current disaster in their life and how they react to it can come and go in waves. Children can act moody and withdrawn at times, struck with sorrow and fear at other times. There's no absolute "right" or "wrong" way to feel after a traumatic event so make sure not to dictate what your child or how your child should feel and react to the event.
Children can act moody and withdrawn at times, struck with sorrow and fear at other times. | Photo by Kat J on Unsplash
Encourage your child to be transparent: Just make sure you let your child know that whatever feelings they're experiencing is normal. The unpleasantness will pass if your child opens up about it and that the phase is temporary. While many teens may be reluctant to talk about their feelings with a parent, encourage them to confide in another trusted adult such as a family friend, relative, or a counselor and teacher. It's important to talkeeven if it's not with you.
Just make sure you let your child know that whatever feelings they're experiencing is normal. | Photo by Sebastián León Prado on Unsplash
Deter your child from reliving the disturbing event: Dwelling over, watching the footage, or imagining the event can be overwhelmingly stressful for children and this stress can even block their nervous system. However, to negate such things from happening encourage activities that keep your child's mind occupied so they're not obsessive about the event. You could encourage your children to read, play games together, or simply watch an uplifting movie.
Dwelling over, watching the footage, or imagining the event can be overwhelmingly stressful for children and this stress can even block their nervous system. | Photo by Юлія Дубина on Unsplash
Cocoon your child with warmth: In order to reassure your child that they are safe with you and feel secure, that the worst is over your physical affection is important in making them feel safe again. Teens may try to be tough through it and avoid being held, but they still need the proximity.
In order to reassure your child that they are safe with you and feel secure, that the worst is over your physical affection is important in making them feel safe again. | Photo by adrianna geo on Unsplash
Maintain routines. Establishing a predictable structure and schedule for your child's life can help to make the world seem more stable again. Try to maintain regular times for meals, homework, and family activities. Make sure your child accommodates time and space for rest, play, and fun. Keeping up with a schedule can help countercheck the obnoxious feeling of stress and worry in children about the future being dark, hopeless, and unpredictable.
Try to maintain regular times for meals, homework, and family activities. | Photo by Paico Oficial on Unsplash
Acknowledge and validate your child's concerns. The disastrous events in life may give place to unrelated fright and concerns in your child. However, understanding and accepting your child's present state is a comfort for the child. If at any point the child blames himself for the event make sure to make it clear and crisp the event was not their fault, you love them, and it's okay for them to feel upset, angry, or scared but not guilty.
Understanding and accepting your child's present state is a comfort for the child Photo by Jeremiah Lawrence on Unsplash
Irrespective of the age of your child, it is vital for parents to offer that extra support and assistance following an unsettling event. The traumatic event may bring up unrelated fears and issues in your child. However, by accepting their thoughts and replacing their fear with your love and direction, the ominous feelings will start to fade away. Eventually, the child will be able to return to a normal and healthy life. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Kids, Help, stress, cope, routine, warmth, understanding, encourage, psychology, children
The European Commission, the executive arm of the European Union (EU), has announced plans for smartphone and other electronics manufacturers to fit a common USB-C charging port on their devices in an effort to reduce waste. In addition to phones, the rules will apply to other devices like tablets, headphones, portable speakers, videogame consoles, and cameras, reports The Verge. The decision will have a huge impact on Apple, as the company still uses its own Lightning connector to charge iPhones. The proposals only cover devices using wired, not wireless and a USB-C port is only mandatory for devices that charge using a cable.
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices | Photo by Solen Feyissa on Unsplash
"Chargers power all our most essential electronic devices. With more and more devices, more and more chargers are sold that are not interchangeable or not necessary. We are putting an end to that," the report quoted EU commissioner Thierry Breton as saying.
The Commission also wants to unbundle the sale of chargers from the sale of electronic devices, which it says will improve the consumers' convenience. "With our proposal, European consumers will be able to use a single charger for all their portable electronics - an important step to increase convenience and reduce waste." In addition, the Commission will require manufacturers to provide relevant information about charging performance. (IANS/MBI)
Keywords: Electronic Devices, Chargers, Cable, smartphone, Adapters, Charging Cord